Development of two novel nontoxic mutants of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin

Abstract

Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) is composed of catalytic A and non-catalytic homo-pentameric B subunits and causes diarrheal disease in human and animals. In order to produce a nontoxic LT for vaccine and adjuvant development, two novel derivatives of LT were constructed by a site-directed mutagenesis of A subunit; Ser63 to Tyr63 in LTS63Y and Glu110, Glu112 were deleted in LT Δ 110/112. The purified mutant LTs (mLTs) showed a similar molecular structural complex as AB5 to that of wild LT. In contrast to wild-type LT, mLTs failed to induce either elongation activity, ADP-ribosyltransferase activity, cAMP synthesis in CHO cells or fluid accumulation in mouse small intestine in vivo. Mice immunized with mLTs either intragastrically or intranasally elicited high titers of LT-specific serum and mucosal antibodies comparable to those induced by wild-type LT. These results indicate that substitution of Ser63 to Tyr63 or deletion of Glu110 and Glu112 eliminate the toxicity of LT without a change of AB5 conformation, and both mutants are immunogenic to LT itself. Therefore, both mLTs may be used to develop novel anti-diarrheal vaccines against enterotoxigenic E. coli.

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Park, E., Chang, J., Kim, J. et al. Development of two novel nontoxic mutants of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin. Exp Mol Med 31, 101–107 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1038/emm.1999.17

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Keywords

  • mutant LT (mLT)
  • ADP-ribosyltransferase activity
  • cAMP
  • immunogenicity
  • secretory IgA (sIgA)

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