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High-affinity recombinant phage antibodies to the pan-carcinoma marker epithelial glycoprotein-2 for tumour targeting

Abstract

The tumour-associated antigen epithelial glycoprotein-2 (EGP-2) is a promising target for detection and treatment of a variety of human carcinomas. Antibodies to this antigen have been successfully used in patients for imaging of small-cell lung cancer and for adjuvant treatment of minimal residual disease of colon cancer. We describe here the isolation and complete characterization of high-affinity single-chain variable fragments (scFv) to the EGP-2 antigen. First, the binding kinetics of four murine whole antibodies directed to EGP-2 (17-1A, 323/A3, MOC-31 and MOC-161) were determined using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The MOC-31 antibody has the lowest apparent off-rate, followed by MOC-161 and 323/A3. The V-genes of the two MOC hybridomas were cloned as scFv in a phage display vector and antigen-binding phage were selected by panning on recombinant antigen. The scFvs compete with the original hybridoma antibodies for binding to antigen and specifically bind to human carcinomas in immunohistochemistry. MOC-31 scFv has an off-rate which is better than those of the bivalent 17-1A and 323/A3 whole antibodies, providing it with an essential characteristic for tumour retention in vivo. The availability of these high-affinity anti-EGP-2 antibody fragments and of their encoding V-genes creates a variety of possibilities for their future use as tumour-targeting vehicles.

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Roovers, R., Henderikx, P., Helfrich, W. et al. High-affinity recombinant phage antibodies to the pan-carcinoma marker epithelial glycoprotein-2 for tumour targeting. Br J Cancer 78, 1407–1416 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1998.700

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1998.700

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