Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Clinical Oncology/Epidemiology

Methylprednisolone enhances the efficacy of ondansetron in acute and delayed cisplatin-induced emesis over at least three cycles

Abstract

This double-blind multicentre study has been carried out in order to confirm the improvement of ondansetron's antiemetic efficacy when combined with a corticosteroid and to determine whether this increased efficacy is maintained over three chemotherapy courses. One hundred and two patients receiving their first course of cisplatin (50-120 mg m-2)-containing chemotherapy were randomised to receive one of the two following treatments: 8 mg OND i.v. injection and 120 mg MPD i.v. injection before chemotherapy, followed 8-12 h later by an 8 mg OND tablet and a 16 mg MPD tablet (oral treatment administered twice daily for 3-5 days): or 8 mg OND plus placebo i.v. injection before chemotherapy, followed by 8-12 h later by an 8 mg OND tablet and placebo p.o. (oral treatment administered twice daily for 3-5 days). The number of emetic episodes (EEs = vomits + retches) and the grade of nausea were recorded. Of the 101 patients studied (efficacy analysis), complete or major control (0-2 EEs) was experienced in 90.4% of patients in the first 24 h in the OND/MPD group compared with 71.4% of patients in the OND group during the first course. This difference in favour of OND/MPD was noted over the three courses and is statistically significant. In the control of delayed emesis (worst day between days 2 and 6) there is a trend in favour of the OND/MDP group during the first course [56.2% vs 43.2% for complete response (no emetic episodes)] which was statistically significant on courses 2 and 3. The global antiemetic control over the course was always in favour of OND/MPD, which leads to a better efficacy maintained over the three courses. Both treatments were well tolerated. The results of this study confirm the increased antimetic efficacy of ondansetron and methylprednisolone in combination in cisplatin-induced acute and delayed emesis which led to a better maintained efficacy over three repeated chemotherapy courses.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Consortia

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chevallier, B., Marty, M., Paillarse, JM. et al. Methylprednisolone enhances the efficacy of ondansetron in acute and delayed cisplatin-induced emesis over at least three cycles. Br J Cancer 70, 1171–1175 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1994.467

Download citation

Further reading

Search

Quick links