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Clinical Oncology/Epidemiology

Milk consumption and cancer incidence: a Norwegian prospective study


Relationships between milk intake and cancer incidence were investigated after 11 1/2 years of follow-up of 15,914 individuals. A diagnosis of cancer was made in a total of 1,422 individuals. No association was established with total cancer incidence, in analyses adjusted for sex, age and residential characteristics. However, a strong positive association with milk consumption was observed for cancers of the lymphatic organs (odds ratio 3.4 for greater than or equal to 2 glasses per day vs less than 1; 95% confidence interval 1.4-8.2). An inverse association was found for cancer of the bladder. Kidney cancer and cancers of the female reproductive organs (except the uterine cervix) showed weak positive associations with milk intake.

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Ursin, G., Bjelke, E., Heuch, I. et al. Milk consumption and cancer incidence: a Norwegian prospective study. Br J Cancer 61, 456–459 (1990).

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