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Risk of breast cancer among Norwegian women with visual impairment

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Experimental studies suggest that melatonin has a protective effect against breast cancer. Exposure to light suppresses melatonin secretion, but to a lesser degree in totally blind persons. Breast cancer was investigated in a cohort of 15 412 Norwegian visually impaired women. The risk among totally blind women was 0.64 (95% CI = 0.21–1.49, 5 cases only), and for those who became blind before age of 65, the SIR was 0.51 (95% CI = 0.11–1.49). Our findings give support to the ‘melatonin hypothesis’. © 2001 Cancer Research Campaign

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  • 16 November 2011

    This paper was modified 12 months after initial publication to switch to Creative Commons licence terms, as noted at publication


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Kliukiene, J., Tynes, T. & Andersen, A. Risk of breast cancer among Norwegian women with visual impairment. Br J Cancer 84, 397–399 (2001).

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  • blindness
  • visual impairment
  • breast cancer
  • melatonin

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