Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a novel cytokine that was found to promote the development of murine B cells in vitro. Here we describe the cloning and characterization of the human homologue of murine TSLP. This protein, which is expressed in a number of tissues including heart, liver and prostate, prevented apoptosis and stimulated growth of the human acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-derived cell line MUTZ-3. Anti-interleukin (IL)-7 receptor antibodies (Abs) neutralized this effect indicating that TSLP binds to at least part of the IL-7 receptor complex. TSLP induced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-5. In contrast to IL-7, TSLP-triggered STAT-5 phosphorylation was not preceded by activation of janus kinase (JAK) 3. These findings would be in accordance with the notion, raised previously for the mouse system, that TSLP leads to STAT-5 phosphorylation by activating other kinases than the JAKs. Some other signaling pathways stimulated by many cytokines are not involved in TSLP activity; thus, TSLP did not stimulate activation of ERK1,2 and p70S6K. Furthermore, neutralizing Abs raised against cytokines known to stimulate the growth of MUTZ-3 cells did not inhibit the proliferative effects of TSLP, suggesting that TSLP-induced growth was a direct effect. In summary, we describe the cloning of human TSLP and its proliferative effects on a myeloid cell line. TSLP-induced proliferation is preceded by phosphorylation of STAT-5, but not of JAK 3.
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Nature Communications Open Access 03 April 2017
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The authors wish to acknowledge the help of Kirsten Garka in preparing the rh TSLP used in these studies.
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Quentmeier, H., Drexler, H., Fleckenstein, D. et al. Cloning of human thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and signaling mechanisms leading to proliferation. Leukemia 15, 1286–1292 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2402175
- signal transduction
- cell lines
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