Association of hypertensive status and its drug treatment with lipid and haemostatic factors in middle-aged men: the PRIME Study

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the association of hypertensive status and antihypertensive drug treatment with lipid and haemostatic levels in middle-aged men.Methods and results: Hypertensive status, antihypertensive drug treatment, total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglyceride, apoproteins A-I and B, lipoparticles LpA-I, LpE:B and Lp(a), fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity and factor VII were assessed in a sample of men 50–59 years living in France (n = 7050) and Northern Ireland (n = 2374). After adjustment for age, body mass index, smoking status, educational level, country, alcohol drinking and hypolipidaemic drug treatment, untreated hypertensive subjects had higher levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, apoproteins A-I and B and PAI-I activity than normotensive subjects. On univariate analysis, diuretics decreased total and HDL-cholesterol and apoproteins A-I and B; those differences remained after multivariate adjustment. Treatment with beta-blockers decreased total and HDL-cholesterol, apoprotein A-I and LpA-I, and this effect remained after multivariate adjustment. Calcium channel blockers decreased total cholesterol and apoproteins A-I and B; those differences remained significant after multivariate adjustment. ACE inhibitors decreased total cholesterol, triglycerides, apoprotein B and LpE:B; and this effect remained after multivariate adjustment. Analysis of the subjects on monotherapy showed beta-blockers to decrease total cholesterol and HDL parameters and angiotersin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to decrease low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-related parameters, while no effect was found for the other antihypertensive drugs.Conclusions: Hypertensive status is associated with an unfavourable lipid and haemostatic profile in middle-aged men. Antihypertensive treatment with beta-blockers decreases HDL parameters, whereas treatment with ACE inhibitors appears to decrease total cholesterol and LDL-related parameters.

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Correspondence to J Ferrières.

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Keywords

  • lipids
  • lipoproteins
  • drug treatment
  • haemostasis
  • epidemiology

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