X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 0.01 and 10 nanometres. X-rays offer an important method for investigating the atomic structure of crystalline materials and nanometre-scale structures. Distant galaxies and clusters can be detected by the X-rays they emit.


Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Editorial |

    The official opening of the SESAME synchrotron in Jordan on 16 May marked an important landmark for science in the Middle East. It is also set to become the world's first solar-powered accelerator.

  • News and Views |

    Reports of photon–photon interaction experiments, novel imaging schemes and state-of-the-art mirrors were highlights of the recent International Conference on X-ray Optics and Applications in Yokohama, Japan.

    • Noriaki Horiuchi
    Nature Photonics 11, 409–410
  • News and Views |

    X-ray imaging in three dimensions is now possible from a set of 2D coherent Bragg diffraction patterns. This approach overcomes the necessity of having to rotate the sample for a 3D reconstruction.

    • Ian Robinson
    •  & Xiaojing Huang
    Nature Materials 16, 160–161
  • News and Views |

    The X-ray free-electron laser at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in the US can now generate multicolour X-ray pulses with unprecedented brightness using the fresh-slice technique. The development opens the way to new forms of spectroscopy.

    • Chao Feng
    •  & Haixiao Deng
    Nature Photonics 10, 695–696