Waxes

Definition

Waxes are lipids composed of esters between fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Waxes are water-insoluble, but soluble in organic, non-polar solvents. Waxes can be found in biological systems, for instance as beeswax and as epicuticular waxes in plants. Biological waxes are generally mixtures so are softer and melt more readily than the pure components.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Detection of molecular biomarkers characteristic of beeswax in pottery vessels at archaeological sites reveals that humans have exploited bee products (such as beeswax and honey) at least 9,000 years ago since the beginnings of agriculture.

    • Mélanie Roffet-Salque
    • , Martine Regert
    • , Richard P. Evershed
    • , Alan K. Outram
    • , Lucy J. E. Cramp
    • , Orestes Decavallas
    • , Julie Dunne
    • , Pascale Gerbault
    • , Simona Mileto
    • , Sigrid Mirabaud
    • , Mirva Pääkkönen
    • , Jessica Smyth
    • , Lucija Šoberl
    • , Helen L. Whelton
    • , Alfonso Alday-Ruiz
    • , Henrik Asplund
    • , Marta Bartkowiak
    • , Eva Bayer-Niemeier
    • , Lotfi Belhouchet
    • , Federico Bernardini
    • , Mihael Budja
    • , Gabriel Cooney
    • , Miriam Cubas
    • , Ed M. Danaher
    • , Mariana Diniz
    • , László Domboróczki
    • , Cristina Fabbri
    • , Jesus E. González-Urquijo
    • , Jean Guilaine
    • , Slimane Hachi
    • , Barrie N. Hartwell
    • , Daniela Hofmann
    • , Isabel Hohle
    • , Juan J. Ibáñez
    • , Necmi Karul
    • , Farid Kherbouche
    • , Jacinta Kiely
    • , Kostas Kotsakis
    • , Friedrich Lueth
    • , James P. Mallory
    • , Claire Manen
    • , Arkadiusz Marciniak
    • , Brigitte Maurice-Chabard
    • , Martin A. Mc Gonigle
    • , Simone Mulazzani
    • , Mehmet Özdoğan
    • , Olga S. Perić
    • , Slaviša R. Perić
    • , Jörg Petrasch
    • , Anne-Marie Pétrequin
    • , Pierre Pétrequin
    • , Ulrike Poensgen
    • , C. Joshua Pollard
    • , François Poplin
    • , Giovanna Radi
    • , Peter Stadler
    • , Harald Stäuble
    • , Nenad Tasić
    • , Dushka Urem-Kotsou
    • , Jasna B. Vuković
    • , Fintan Walsh
    • , Alasdair Whittle
    • , Sabine Wolfram
    • , Lydia Zapata-Peña
    •  & Jamel Zoughlami
    Nature 527, 226–230