Short-term memory

Short-term memory is the transient retention of information over the time-scale of seconds. This is distinct from working memory which involves a more active component.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    The short-term retention of working memory is accompanied by neural delay activity. Sreenivasan and D’Esposito describe how delay activity can be assessed, discuss where in the brain it occurs and why, and examine the possible mechanisms that underlie it.

    • Kartik K. Sreenivasan
    •  & Mark D’Esposito
  • Research | | open

    Synaptic plasticity ensures functionality during perturbations and enables memory formation. Here, the authors describe homeostatic functional and nano-modular active zone modifications for immediate and long-lasting enhancement of neurotransmitter release, and identify Unc13 as a presynaptic molecular target for homeostatic potentiation and learning.

    • Mathias A. Böhme
    • , Anthony W. McCarthy
    • , Andreas T. Grasskamp
    • , Christine B. Beuschel
    • , Pragya Goel
    • , Meida Jusyte
    • , Desiree Laber
    • , Sheng Huang
    • , Ulises Rey
    • , Astrid G. Petzoldt
    • , Martin Lehmann
    • , Fabian Göttfert
    • , Pejmun Haghighi
    • , Stefan W. Hell
    • , David Owald
    • , Dion Dickman
    • , Stephan J. Sigrist
    •  & Alexander M. Walter
  • Research | | open

    Memories formed around the same time are linked together by a shared temporal context. Here, the authors show that the ability to selectively retrieve distinct episodic memories formed close together in time is related to how quickly neural representations of temporal context change over time during encoding.

    • Mostafa M. El-Kalliny
    • , John H. Wittig Jr
    • , Timothy C. Sheehan
    • , Vishnu Sreekumar
    • , Sara K. Inati
    •  & Kareem A. Zaghloul
  • Research | | open

    Adaptation is thought to improve discrimination by pulling neural representations of similar stimuli farther apart. Here, the authors separately show that adaptation to a 3D shape class leads to better discrimination performance on similar shapes, and activity patterns diverge in object selective cortical areas.

    • Marcelo G. Mattar
    • , Maria Olkkonen
    • , Russell A. Epstein
    •  & Geoffrey K. Aguirre

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