Reward is an appealing or appetitive concept that can be applied to an object or a situation, which positively reinforces a response, satisfies a motive or intent, or signals pleasure.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Technical advances in calcium imaging enable the first tests of classic theories of cerebellar learning. Two independent groups reveal dense representation of surprising modalities in cerebellar granule cells.

    • Matthew I Becker
    •  & Abigail L Person
    Nature Neuroscience 20, 633–634
  • News and Views |

    McHenry and colleagues delineate a neural circuit controlling female sexual behavior. These experiments shed light on how the brain optimizes reproductive behavior to coincide with phases of peak fertility.

    • Gül Dölen
    Nature Neuroscience 20, 379–380
  • Comments and Opinion |

    In 2016, four studies were published that provided crucial new information on the endocrine actions of the hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). These studies provide a framework for the nutritional stimuli that regulate FGF21 expression and demonstrate a major role for FGF21 in primates and humans in regulating food intake, macronutrient preference and central reward pathways.

    • Matthew J. Potthoff
  • News |

    The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is attributed with various functions during valuation, affect regulation and social cognition. Nature Neuroscience asked a moderator to lead researchers in a dialogue on shared and distinct viewpoints of this region's roles.

    • Mauricio R Delgado
    • , Jennifer S Beer
    • , Lesley K Fellows
    • , Scott A Huettel
    • , Michael L Platt
    • , Gregory J Quirk
    •  & Daniela Schiller
    Nature Neuroscience 19, 1545–1552