Hydrogeology is the study of the movement and storage of water in the crust of Earth and other rocky planetary bodies. It maps and quantifies the water stored in underground aquifers and occasionally surface systems, identifies pathways of flow and recharge, and assesses the chemical composition and quality of the below-ground water.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Geoscientists are training computers to learn from a wide range of geologic data and, in the process, the machines are teaching geoscientists about the workings of Earth.

    • Chris Marone
    Nature Geoscience 11, 301-302
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The terrestrial water cycle is often assessed annually at catchment scale. But water stored in catchments is poorly mixed, and at timescales often well beyond the calculation of annual water balance.

    • Jeffrey J. McDonnell
  • News and Views |

    Increasing groundwater extraction supports hundreds of millions of people across the Indo-Gangetic Basin. Data suggests that despite the increase in withdrawals, groundwater depletion is localized and the most widespread threat is contamination.

    • Scott Fendorf
    •  & Shawn G. Benner
    Nature Geoscience 9, 732-733
  • News and Views |

    The Sahel has suffered through severe droughts but recent years have seen increased rainfall. Now research suggests warming of the Mediterranean Sea surface may dictate future rainfall in the region.

    • Michela Biasutti
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Drought management is inefficient because feedbacks between drought and people are not fully understood. In this human-influenced era, we need to rethink the concept of drought to include the human role in mitigating and enhancing drought.

    • Anne F. Van Loon
    • , Tom Gleeson
    • , Julian Clark
    • , Albert I. J. M. Van Dijk
    • , Kerstin Stahl
    • , Jamie Hannaford
    • , Giuliano Di Baldassarre
    • , Adriaan J. Teuling
    • , Lena M. Tallaksen
    • , Remko Uijlenhoet
    • , David M. Hannah
    • , Justin Sheffield
    • , Mark Svoboda
    • , Boud Verbeiren
    • , Thorsten Wagener
    • , Sally Rangecroft
    • , Niko Wanders
    •  & Henny A. J. Van Lanen