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Liquid organic hydrogen carriers such as N-heterocyclic compounds are interesting hydrogen vectors which could exploit existing infrastructure. Here, the authors report a mesoporous palladium-alumina catalyst system capable of dehydrogenating four different N-heterocycles with negligible activity loss over five runs.
For hydrogen to become a direct, portable fuel source, the difficulties with its storage and subsequent release must be addressed. Here ethylene glycol is shown to act as an efficient, reversible liquid-to-liquid hydrogen carrier—particularly attractive due to its theoretical H2 capacity of 6.5 wt%.
Reducing the severity of the conditions required to synthesize ammonia would increase the viability of its use as a carbon-free energy carrier. Here the authors use metal imides to mediate ammonia production via a two-step chemical looping process that operates under mild conditions.
The precise understanding of the active phase under reaction conditions at the molecular level is crucial for the design of improved catalysts. Now, Strasser, Jones and colleagues correlate the high activity of IrNi@IrOx core–shell nanoparticles with the amount of lattice vacancies produced by the nickel leaching process that takes place before and during water oxidation, and elucidate the underlying structural-electronic effects.
Bicarbonate reduction is a bottleneck step of the CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid in alkaline solution. Here, the authors show a highly active Schiff-base-modified gold nanocatalyst for the efficient reduction of CO2 to formic acid under relatively mild conditions.
Ammonia holds promise as a clean energy carrier, but its synthesis requires high pressures and large production scales that are ill-matched to renewable, decentralized energy production. Now, researchers use metal imides to mediate ammonia production in a chemical looping process that operates under mild conditions.
Development of an earth-abundant and inexpensive copper-based catalyst is desirable for CO2 hydrogenation. Now, the combined application of a stable copper hydride and a Lewis pair is shown to effect activation of CO2 as well as heterolysis of H2, achieving significant turnover numbers.