Table of Contents

Japanese Table of Contents

Volume 469 Number 7331 pp443-574

27 January 2011

About the cover

The genome of the Southeast Asian great ape or orang-utan has been sequenced - specifically a draft assembly of a Sumatran female individual and short-read sequence data from five further Sumatran and five Bornean orang-utan, Pongo abelii and Pongo pygmaeus, respectively. Sequence analysis suggests an average 99.68% Bornean–Sumatran genome-wide nucleotide identity, a large divergence reflecting the distinct evolutionary histories of the two island populations. With both orang-utan species on the endangered list, the authors hope that knowledge of the genome sequence and its variation between populations will provide a valuable resource for conservationists. Cover credit: Perry van Duijnhoven/Carel van Schaik (Inset: SCIMAT/SPL)

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