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Editorials

Who is accountable? p1

How the responsibilities of co-authors for a scientific paper's integrity could be made more explicit.

doi:10.1038/450001a


In for the cull p1

A government that asks for independent scientific advice had best be ready to take it.

doi:10.1038/450001b


Because it's there p2

An Asian Moon race is neither particularly worrying nor especially inspiring.

doi:10.1038/450002a


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Research Highlights

Research highlights p4

doi:10.1038/450004a


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Journal Club

Journal club p5

James E. Ferrell

doi:10.1038/450005a


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News

Model behaviour p6

The brain is no longer the black box it used to be, and neuroscientists are starting to put new knowledge to good use, developing better animal models for psychiatric disorders. Alison Abbott reports.

Alison Abbott

doi:10.1038/450006a


Sidelines p8

Scribbles on the margins of science.

doi:10.1038/450008a


White House adviser linked to cuts in climate-change report p8

Marburger accused of interfering with testimony.

Jeff Tollefson

doi:10.1038/450008b


Sponsor hunt divides geosciences union p9

Plans to approach ExxonMobil spark angry response.

Quirin Schiermeier

doi:10.1038/450009a


Personalized genomes go mainstream p11

Companies prepare to offer a very personal service.

Erika Check Hayden

doi:10.1038/450011a


China blasts off on lunar exploration p12

Chang'e mission heads for the Moon.

Eric Hand

doi:10.1038/450012a


India digs deep to build neutrino lab p13

Underground physics facility gets the green light.

K. S. Jayaraman

doi:10.1038/450013a


Syngenta shoot-out in Brazil leaves two dead p14

doi:10.1038/450014a


Nuclear-waste programme criticized by scientists p14

doi:10.1038/450014b


Lack of realism blamed for failed anthrax vaccine p14

doi:10.1038/450014c


Europe votes to legalize Afghan opium for medicine p14

doi:10.1038/450014d


Genotype data of families with autism are released p14

doi:10.1038/450014e


Sale of meteorite meets with stony silence p14

doi:10.1038/450014f


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Business

Mixed scores for European research p16

A survey shows positive trends for private-sector research and development in the European Union. But as Andrea Chipman reports, there's more to the data than meets the eye.

Andrea Chipman

doi:10.1038/450016a


Patents upheld p17

California biotech wins patent case

doi:10.1038/450017a


Steel count p17

Steelmakers plan to log emissions

doi:10.1038/450017b


Autonomy lost p17

UK biotech flagship absorbed

doi:10.1038/450017c


Market watch p17

doi:10.1038/450017d


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News Features

Palaeontology: Tunnel vision p18

Is blasting into a river bluff any way to do palaeontology? Alison Abbott reports on an unusual expedition into the Alaskan wilderness in search of the bones of polar dinosaurs.

doi:10.1038/450018a


Neurophysiology: A gut feeling p21

When most people look at lobsters, they see dinner. Eve Marder saw a key to the theoretical underpinnings of animal behaviour. Ishani Ganguli reports.

doi:10.1038/450021a


Philanthropy: A country without alms p24

The Japanese make few charitable donations. David Cyranoski meets a patient advocate and scientist working to change a cultural reticence about giving.

doi:10.1038/450024a


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Correspondence

Sea-ice decline due to more than warming alone p27

Julia Slingo & Rowan Sutton

doi:10.1038/450027a


Ethics reviews can be centralized without delays p27

Jeffrey Abrams & Jacquelyn Goldberg

doi:10.1038/450027b


Missing the mark on biomedical research p27

David Korn & Stephen J. Heinig

doi:10.1038/450027c


Words of wisdom worth reading aloud p27

Vanessa S. Solomon

doi:10.1038/450027d


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Books and Arts

Poetry in motion p29

Is language the key to thought? Neuroscience suggests it is probably more complicated than that.

Patricia Churchland reviews The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature by Steven Pinker

doi:10.1038/450029a


Prions, pleasure and purple notes p30

Chris McManus reviews Proust was a Neuroscientist by Jonah Lehrer and The Hidden Sense: Synesthesia in Art and Science by Cretien van Campen

doi:10.1038/450030a


Delving into the ancient brain p31

Dean Falk reviews On Deep History and the Brain by Daniel Lord Smail and The Origins of Meaning: Language in the Light of Evolution by James R. Hurford

doi:10.1038/450031a


Space and time gift-wrapped p32

Andrew Jaffe reviews Very Special Relativity: An illustrated Guide by Sander Bais

doi:10.1038/450032a


Painting: Hidden depths spotted p32

Emiliano Feresin

doi:10.1038/450032b


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Essay

Science & Politics

Technologies of humility p33

Researchers and policy-makers need ways for accommodating the partiality of scientific knowledge and for acting under the inevitable uncertainty it holds.

Sheila Jasanoff

doi:10.1038/450033a

See also: Editor's summary


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News and Views

Smell: The worm turns p35

The worm Caenorhabditis elegans has many advantages as an experimental organism. These have been exploited to investigate how, at a single-neuron level, neural circuits transform sensory signals into behaviour.

Piali Sengupta

doi:10.1038/450035a

See also: Editor's summary


Organic chemistry: Aromatics with a twist p36

The properties of flat aromatic molecules are well known to chemists, but some non-planar aromatics remain a mystery. A molecule that can twist into a Möbius band on command might shed light on their features.

Rainer Herges

doi:10.1038/450036a


Vision: Dynamic platforms p37

Scaffolding proteins are so named because they function as platforms for the assembly of molecular signalling complexes. But at least one such protein is more than a passive bystander and has its own signalling role.

Roger C. Hardie

doi:10.1038/450037a


Mathematical physics: First encounters p40

The idea of 'random walks' pops up in areas from biochemical reaction pathways to animals' foraging strategies. A central question — how likely is it that a walker is somewhere for the first time? — now has a simpler answer.

Michael F. Shlesinger

doi:10.1038/450040a

See also: Editor's summary


Plant pathology: Deadly special deliveries p41

When attacking a plant, pathogens must deliver proteins into their victim's cells. The causal agent of potato late blight uses a system that is remarkably similar to that used by the malaria parasite in red blood cells.

Nicholas J. Talbot

doi:10.1038/450041a

See also: Editor's summary


Hearing: A fantasia on Kölliker's organ p43

In the silence that precedes the onset of hearing in the developing auditory system, it seems that the cells of a transient structure known as Kölliker's organ are capable of generating their own 'virtual' music.

Ian D. Forsythe

doi:10.1038/450043a

See also: Editor's summary


Correction p44

doi:10.1038/450044a


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Articles

Patterns of relative species abundance in rainforests and coral reefs p45

Igor Volkov, Jayanth R. Banavar, Stephen P. Hubbell & Amos Maritan

doi:10.1038/nature06197


The origin of spontaneous activity in the developing auditory system p50

Nicolas X. Tritsch, Eunyoung Yi, Jonathan E. Gale, Elisabeth Glowatzki & Dwight E. Bergles

doi:10.1038/nature06233

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Forsythe


Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system p56

Jean Livet, Tamily A. Weissman, Hyuno Kang, Ryan W. Draft, Ju Lu, Robyn A. Bennis, Joshua R. Sanes & Jeff W. Lichtman

doi:10.1038/nature06293

See also: Editor's summary


Dissecting a circuit for olfactory behaviour in Caenorhabditis elegans p63

Sreekanth H. Chalasani, Nikos Chronis, Makoto Tsunozaki, Jesse M. Gray, Daniel Ramot, Miriam B. Goodman & Cornelia I. Bargmann

doi:10.1038/nature06292

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Sengupta


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Letters

Circular polarimetry reveals helical magnetic fields in the young stellar object HH 135–136 p71

Antonio Chrysostomou, Philip W. Lucas & James H. Hough

doi:10.1038/nature06220


The rotating wind of the quasar PG 1700+518 p74

S. Young, D. J. Axon, A. Robinson, J. H. Hough & J. E. Smith

doi:10.1038/nature06319

See also: Editor's summary


First-passage times in complex scale-invariant media p77

S. Condamin, O. Bénichou, V. Tejedor, R. Voituriez & J. Klafter

doi:10.1038/nature06201

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Shlesinger


Abrupt onset of a second energy gap at the superconducting transition of underdoped Bi2212 p81

W. S. Lee, I. M. Vishik, K. Tanaka, D. H. Lu, T. Sasagawa, N. Nagaosa, T. P. Devereaux, Z. Hussain & Z.-X. Shen

doi:10.1038/nature06219


Radio-frequency scanning tunnelling microscopy p85

U. Kemiktarak, T. Ndukum, K. C. Schwab & K. L. Ekinci

doi:10.1038/nature06238

See also: Editor's summary


Fire as the dominant driver of central Canadian boreal forest carbon balance p89

Ben Bond-Lamberty, Scott D. Peckham, Douglas E. Ahl & Stith T. Gower

doi:10.1038/nature06272

See also: Editor's summary


Convergent dental adaptations in pseudo-tribosphenic and tribosphenic mammals p93

Zhe-Xi Luo, Qiang Ji & Chong-Xi Yuan

doi:10.1038/nature06221

See also: Editor's summary


Thresholds and the resilience of Caribbean coral reefs p98

Peter J. Mumby, Alan Hastings & Helen J. Edwards

doi:10.1038/nature06252

See also: Editor's summary


Neural mechanisms mediating optimism bias p102

Tali Sharot, Alison M. Riccardi, Candace M. Raio & Elizabeth A. Phelps

doi:10.1038/nature06280

See also: Editor's summary


PYY modulation of cortical and hypothalamic brain areas predicts feeding behaviour in humans p106

Rachel L. Batterham, Dominic H. ffytche, J. Miranda Rosenthal, Fernando O. Zelaya, Gareth J. Barker, Dominic J. Withers & Steven C. R. Williams

doi:10.1038/nature06212


Subcapsular sinus macrophages in lymph nodes clear lymph-borne viruses and present them to antiviral B cells p110

Tobias Junt, E. Ashley Moseman, Matteo Iannacone, Steffen Massberg, Philipp A. Lang, Marianne Boes, Katja Fink, Sarah E. Henrickson, Dmitry M. Shayakhmetov, Nelson C. Di Paolo, Nico van Rooijen, Thorsten R. Mempel, Sean P. Whelan & Ulrich H. von Andrian

doi:10.1038/nature06287


A translocation signal for delivery of oomycete effector proteins into host plant cells p115

Stephen C. Whisson, Petra C. Boevink, Lucy Moleleki, Anna O. Avrova, Juan G. Morales, Eleanor M. Gilroy, Miles R. Armstrong, Severine Grouffaud, Pieter van West, Sean Chapman, Ingo Hein, Ian K. Toth, Leighton Pritchard & Paul R. J. Birch

doi:10.1038/nature06203

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Talbot


Histone demethylase JHDM2A is critical for Tnp1 and Prm1 transcription and spermatogenesis p119

Yuki Okada, Greg Scott, Manas K. Ray, Yuji Mishina & Yi Zhang

doi:10.1038/nature06236

See also: Editor's summary


Probing the chemistry of thioredoxin catalysis with force p124

Arun P. Wiita, Raul Perez-Jimenez, Kirstin A. Walther, Frauke Gräter, B. J. Berne, Arne Holmgren, Jose M. Sanchez-Ruiz & Julio M. Fernandez

doi:10.1038/nature06231


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Erratum

Insight foreword: Food and the future p128

H. Gee

doi:10.1038/nature06362


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Naturejobs

Prospect

Prospects p129

'Research integrity' training has become part and parcel of being a scientist.

Gene Russo

doi:10.1038/nj7166-129a


Postdocs and Students

Brain storm p130

A bold scheme to map the entire human brain has become the mission of many scientists from a host of different fields. Paul Smaglik tracks the interdisciplinary career implications.

Paul Smaglik

doi:10.1038/nj7166-130a


Career View

Vasilis Ntziachristos, director, Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging, GSF, Neuherberg, Germany p132

Imaging expert leaves Harvard for Germany.

Virginia Gewin

doi:10.1038/nj7166-132a


Brain work p132

The fruits of joining technological acumen with a theoretical mindset.

Paul Smaglik

doi:10.1038/nj7166-132b


Corporate America p132

Is an industry career my calling?

Moira Sheehan

doi:10.1038/nj7166-132c


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Futures

A sudden absence of bees p134

You've been stung.

Nick Mamatas

doi:10.1038/450134a


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