Millennium Essay

Nature 400, 415 (29 July 1999) | doi:10.1038/22672

Detonator of the population explosion

Vaclav Smil1


Without ammonia, there would be no inorganic fertilizers, and nearly half the world would go hungry. Of all the century's technological marvels, the Haber-Bosch process has made the most difference to our survival.

  1. Vaclav Smil is in the Department of Geography, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.