X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 0.01 and 10 nanometres. X-rays offer an important method for investigating the atomic structure of crystalline materials and nanometre-scale structures. Distant galaxies and clusters can be detected by the X-rays they emit.


Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Gold atoms are stripped of 72 of their electrons to form nitrogen-like Au72+ ions inside extremely hot plasmas by irradiating gold foils and nanowires with highly relativistic femtosecond laser pulses.

    • Lap Van Dao
    •  & Peter Hannaford
    Nature Photonics 14, 598-599
  • Editorial |

    Research activities in the areas of X-ray imaging and ultraviolet sterilization illustrate how photonics is helping to combat the threat of COVID-19.

  • News and Views |

    A high-intensity attosecond X-ray free-electron laser, meeting the demands of attosecond science for research on the sub-femtosecond-timescale quantum-mechanical motion of electrons in molecules and solids, is now available for attosecond pump–attosecond probe experiments in the soft X-ray region.

    • Heung-Sik Kang
    •  & In Soo Ko
  • News and Views |

    Increased bandwidth and fluctuations are hurdles on the path towards generating intense fully coherent X-ray free-electron laser output. A recent experiment at FERMI Trieste demonstrated that these difficulties can be overcome by an approach called echo-enabled harmonic generation.

    • Li Hua Yu
    •  & Timur Shaftan
    Nature Photonics 13, 513-515
  • Comments and Opinion |

    European accelerator-based X-ray facilities came together in 2017 in a consortium that will use their combined expertise to accelerate discoveries, secure funding and guide policy. A year and a half later, the chair of the consortium Helmut Dosch reflects on the ambition and opportunities of this type of cooperation.

    • Helmut Dosch
  • News and Views |

    Irradiating a PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattice with ultrafast UV light pulses modifies elastic and electrostatic interactions, resulting in the formation of a stable complex 3D supercrystal.

    • J. M. Gregg
    Nature Materials 18, 304-306