Viral epidemiology

Viral epidemiology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the incidence and spread of viruses in populations over time. Host, virus and environmental factors are monitored to determine the dynamics of viral infections, the ultimate goal of which is to devise intervention strategies.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research
    | Open Access

    Detailed knowledge of the characteristics of COVID-19 patients helps with public health planning. Here, the authors use routinely-collected data from seven databases in three countries to describe the characteristics of >30,000 patients admitted with COVID-19 and compare them with those admitted for influenza in previous years.

    • Edward Burn
    • , Seng Chan You
    • , Anthony G. Sena
    • , Kristin Kostka
    • , Hamed Abedtash
    • , Maria Tereza F. Abrahão
    • , Amanda Alberga
    • , Heba Alghoul
    • , Osaid Alser
    • , Thamir M. Alshammari
    • , Maria Aragon
    • , Carlos Areia
    • , Juan M. Banda
    • , Jaehyeong Cho
    • , Aedin C. Culhane
    • , Alexander Davydov
    • , Frank J. DeFalco
    • , Talita Duarte-Salles
    • , Scott DuVall
    • , Thomas Falconer
    • , Sergio Fernandez-Bertolin
    • , Weihua Gao
    • , Asieh Golozar
    • , Jill Hardin
    • , George Hripcsak
    • , Vojtech Huser
    • , Hokyun Jeon
    • , Yonghua Jing
    • , Chi Young Jung
    • , Benjamin Skov Kaas-Hansen
    • , Denys Kaduk
    • , Seamus Kent
    • , Yeesuk Kim
    • , Spyros Kolovos
    • , Jennifer C. E. Lane
    • , Hyejin Lee
    • , Kristine E. Lynch
    • , Rupa Makadia
    • , Michael E. Matheny
    • , Paras P. Mehta
    • , Daniel R. Morales
    • , Karthik Natarajan
    • , Fredrik Nyberg
    • , Anna Ostropolets
    • , Rae Woong Park
    • , Jimyung Park
    • , Jose D. Posada
    • , Albert Prats-Uribe
    • , Gowtham Rao
    • , Christian Reich
    • , Yeunsook Rho
    • , Peter Rijnbeek
    • , Lisa M. Schilling
    • , Martijn Schuemie
    • , Nigam H. Shah
    • , Azza Shoaibi
    • , Seokyoung Song
    • , Matthew Spotnitz
    • , Marc A. Suchard
    • , Joel N. Swerdel
    • , David Vizcaya
    • , Salvatore Volpe
    • , Haini Wen
    • , Andrew E. Williams
    • , Belay B. Yimer
    • , Lin Zhang
    • , Oleg Zhuk
    • , Daniel Prieto-Alhambra
    •  & Patrick Ryan
  • Research
    | Open Access

    • Mariana Sequetin Cunha
    • , Rosa Maria Tubaki
    • , Regiane Maria Tironi de Menezes
    • , Mariza Pereira
    • , Giovana Santos Caleiro
    • , Esmenia Coelho
    • , Leila del Castillo Saad
    • , Natalia Coelho Couto de Azevedo Fernandes
    • , Juliana Mariotti Guerra
    • , Juliana Silva Nogueira
    • , Juliana Laurito Summa
    • , Amanda Aparecida Cardoso Coimbra
    • , Ticiana Zwarg
    • , Steven S. Witkin
    • , Luís Filipe Mucci
    • , Maria do Carmo Sampaio Tavares Timenetsky
    • , Ester Cerdeira Sabino
    •  & Juliana Telles de Deus
    Scientific Reports 10, 15751
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Some infants develop broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) to HIV in a shorter time frame than adults, but the reasons aren’t well understood. Here, the authors study a cohort of 51 HIV-1 clade C perinatally infected infants of Indian origin and find that multivariant infection is associated with bnAbs in elite neutralizers.

    • Nitesh Mishra
    • , Shaifali Sharma
    • , Ayushman Dobhal
    • , Sanjeev Kumar
    • , Himanshi Chawla
    • , Ravinder Singh
    • , Muzamil Ashraf Makhdoomi
    • , Bimal Kumar Das
    • , Rakesh Lodha
    • , Sushil Kumar Kabra
    •  & Kalpana Luthra
  • Research |

    Brazil has one of the fastest-growing COVID-19 epidemics in the world. De Souza et al. report epidemiological, demographic and clinical findings for COVID-19 cases in the country during the first 3 months of the epidemic.

    • William Marciel de Souza
    • , Lewis Fletcher Buss
    • , Darlan da Silva Candido
    • , Jean-Paul Carrera
    • , Sabrina Li
    • , Alexander E. Zarebski
    • , Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira
    • , Carlos A. Prete Jr
    • , Andreza Aruska de Souza-Santos
    • , Kris V. Parag
    • , Maria Carolina T. D. Belotti
    • , Maria F. Vincenti-Gonzalez
    • , Janey Messina
    • , Flavia Cristina da Silva Sales
    • , Pamela dos Santos Andrade
    • , Vítor Heloiz Nascimento
    • , Fabio Ghilardi
    • , Leandro Abade
    • , Bernardo Gutierrez
    • , Moritz U. G. Kraemer
    • , Carlos K. V. Braga
    • , Renato Santana Aguiar
    • , Neal Alexander
    • , Philippe Mayaud
    • , Oliver J. Brady
    • , Izabel Marcilio
    • , Nelson Gouveia
    • , Guangdi Li
    • , Adriana Tami
    • , Silvano Barbosa de Oliveira
    • , Victor Bertollo Gomes Porto
    • , Fabiana Ganem
    • , Walquiria Aparecida Ferreira de Almeida
    • , Francieli Fontana Sutile Tardetti Fantinato
    • , Eduardo Marques Macário
    • , Wanderson Kleber de Oliveira
    • , Mauricio L. Nogueira
    • , Oliver G. Pybus
    • , Chieh-Hsi Wu
    • , Julio Croda
    • , Ester C. Sabino
    •  & Nuno Rodrigues Faria

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    How viruses are related, and how they have evolved and spread over time, can be investigated using phylogenetics. Here, we set out how genomic analyses should be used during an epidemic and propose that phylogenetic insights from the early stages of an outbreak should heed all of the available epidemiological information.

    • Ch. Julián Villabona-Arenas
    • , William P. Hanage
    •  & Damien C. Tully
    Nature Microbiology 5, 876-877
  • Editorial |

    As the international community responds to an outbreak of coronavirus-induced pneumonia in Wuhan, China, early and open data sharing — which are vital for its control — depend on the trust that the data will not be used without proper attribution to those who generated it.

    Nature Microbiology 5, 227-228
  • News |

    This month’s Genome Watch highlights how next-generation sequencing technologies provide crucial information during disease outbreaks and thus inform the public health response.

    • Sandra Van Puyvelde
    •  & Silvia Argimon