| Open Access
Extracellular traps from activated vascular smooth muscle cells drive the progression of atherosclerosis
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are known for their fate plasticity in atherosclerosis plaque progression. Here, Zhai et al. show that extracellular traps generated from CD68 + VSMCs adversely contribute to plaque progression and highlight their unexpected role in plaque stability by regulating the direction of VSMC trans-differentiation.