Tissue engineering

  • Article
    | Open Access

    It is known that skin has a large tear resistance, but little is known of the mechanism behind this. Here, the authors carry out a structural analysis of rabbit skin to show how the deformation of collagen fibrils in the skin results in a strong resistance to tear propagation.

    • Wen Yang
    • , Vincent R. Sherman
    •  & Marc A. Meyers
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Patients with oesophageal diseases may require surgical removal and replacement of the oesophagus. Here the authors seed mesenchymal stromal cells on a decellularized rat oesophagus and show that this bioengineered tissue construct restores swallowing function after transplantation into rats.

    • Sebastian Sjöqvist
    • , Philipp Jungebluth
    •  & Paolo Macchiarini
  • Article |

    Traditional methods for forming hydrogel particles are limited by geometry and lack of addressability after synthesis. Here the authors use digital microfluidics to form individually addressable gels with customisable shapes and compositions.

    • Irwin A. Eydelnant
    • , Bingyu Betty Li
    •  & Aaron R. Wheeler
  • Article |

    The hair follicle bulge contains epithelial stem cells that contribute to follicle formation during each hair cycle. Here the authors differentiate human induced pluripotent stem cells into folliculogenic epithelial stem cells, which can produce all hair follicle lineages including a stem cell population.

    • Ruifeng Yang
    • , Ying Zheng
    •  & Xiaowei Xu
  • Article |

    Tissue engineering relies on the vascular compatibility of the synthesised constructs with target tissues. Here, the authors fabricate a prevascularised tissue construct of cell-laden hydrogel fibres as a framework that allows the formation of vascularised adipose and hepatic tissues.

    • Meng Fatt Leong
    • , Jerry K. C. Toh
    •  & Jackie Y. Ying
  • Article |

    Artificially engineered tissues may be useful for regenerative therapies but their fabrication tends to be complicated. Stevens et al. present a technique for the precise organization of microstructurally complex tissues that works with a variety of cell types and does not require sophisticated equipment.

    • K. R. Stevens
    • , M. D. Ungrin
    •  & S. N. Bhatia
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Artificially engineered tissues may have many therapeutic applications but complex tissues are hard to create in vitro. Here, Okano and colleagues report the production of functional cardiac tissue sheets with perfusable blood vessels, which increase the thickness and survival of transplanted tissue.

    • Hidekazu Sekine
    • , Tatsuya Shimizu
    •  & Teruo Okano