Sustainability is essentially the ability to endure, for example by exploiting resources in a way that does not deplete their future availability or unduly damage the wider environment. This concept has been incorporated in the idea of sustainable development.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    Monoculture plantations have been promoted for the restoration of the world’s forested area, but these have not contained or reversed the loss of biodiversity. More innovative incentive policies should be implemented to shift the planet’s forest restoration policies from increasing the area of forests per se to improving their biodiversity.

    • Junze Zhang
    • , Bojie Fu
    • , Mark Stafford-Smith
    • , Shuai Wang
    •  & Wenwu Zhao
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The expression ‘less but better’ is used to guide Western meat consumption towards sustainability. Its definition, however, lacks clarity and may push meat consumption further from sustainable practices. The research community needs to provide a more informed explanation to consumers of what is ‘less’ and what is ‘better’.

    • Kajsa Resare Sahlin
    • , Elin Röös
    •  & Line J. Gordon
    Nature Food 1, 520-522
  • Comments and Opinion |

    It is commonly thought that old groundwater cannot be pumped sustainably, and that recently recharged groundwater is inherently sustainable. We argue that both old and young groundwaters can be used in physically sustainable or unsustainable ways.

    • Grant Ferguson
    • , Mark O. Cuthbert
    • , Kevin Befus
    • , Tom Gleeson
    •  & Jennifer C. McIntosh
    Nature Geoscience 13, 592-594