Sustainability

Sustainability is essentially the ability to endure, for example by exploiting resources in a way that does not deplete their future availability or unduly damage the wider environment. This concept has been incorporated in the idea of sustainable development.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    Production of industrial chemicals from renewable biomass feedstock plays an important role in addressing limited fossil fuel resources, climate change and environmental problems. This Review provides a comprehensive overview of biological and chemical routes for the synthesis of industrial chemicals derived from key precursor metabolites of central carbon metabolic pathways, and visualizes the results in a global bio-based chemicals map.

    • Sang Yup Lee
    • , Hyun Uk Kim
    • , Tong Un Chae
    • , Jae Sung Cho
    • , Je Woong Kim
    • , Jae Ho Shin
    • , Dong In Kim
    • , Yoo-Sung Ko
    • , Woo Dae Jang
    •  & Yu-Sin Jang
    Nature Catalysis 2, 18-33
  • Reviews |

    Amide bond formation is a hugely important reaction in organic synthesis. This Perspective examines the factors that influence the choice of reaction conditions for this process, comparing widely used stoichiometric reagents with catalysts. The authors draw on both academic and industrial data and focus on the efficiency, scope and sustainability of the various approaches.

    • Marco T. Sabatini
    • , Lee. T. Boulton
    • , Helen F. Sneddon
    •  & Tom D. Sheppard
    Nature Catalysis 2, 10-17
  • Research | | open

    Deforestation for palm oil production is often attributed to large-scale, agro-industrial expansion. Here, Ordway et al. show that much recent expansion in Southwest Cameroon can be attributed to an informal sector of non-industrial producers establishing near informal, non-industrial palm oil mills.

    • Elsa M. Ordway
    • , Rosamond L. Naylor
    • , Raymond N. Nkongho
    •  & Eric F. Lambin
  • Reviews |

    The value of ecosystem services in cities around the world is highly uncertain. This Review focuses on ten of the most commonly cited urban ecosystem services and presents a synthesis of the scholarship on the factors that moderate the value and equitable distribution of such services.

    • Bonnie L. Keeler
    • , Perrine Hamel
    • , Timon McPhearson
    • , Maike H. Hamann
    • , Marie L. Donahue
    • , Kelly A. Meza Prado
    • , Katie K. Arkema
    • , Gregory N. Bratman
    • , Kate A. Brauman
    • , Jacques C. Finlay
    • , Anne D. Guerry
    • , Sarah E. Hobbie
    • , Justin A. Johnson
    • , Graham K. MacDonald
    • , Robert I. McDonald
    • , Nick Neverisky
    •  & Spencer A. Wood
  • Research |

    Waste plastic can be converted into a potential fuel source using a new nano-scale catalyst. This catalyst has well-defined and uniform surface openings, so it needs only one step to convert low-density polyethylene into a gasoline-type product.

    • Zheng Zhang
    • , Kinga Gora-Marek
    • , Jonathan S. Watson
    • , Jinsen Tian
    • , Matthew R. Ryder
    • , Karolina A. Tarach
    • , Lidia López-Pérez
    • , Joaquin Martínez-Triguero
    •  & Ignacio Melián-Cabrera

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