Solitons

Solitons are waves with just a single crest. They result when a wave’s natural tendency to spread as it propagates is cancelled out by an inherently nonlinear phenomenon known as self-focusing. This means that solitons can travel a long distance whilst maintaining their same shape.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News & Views |

    Upon combining dissipative and nonlinear effects in a bipartite lattice of cavity polaritons, dissipatively stabilized bulk gap solitons emerge, which create a topological interface.

    • Flore K. Kunst
    Nature Physics 18, 609-610
  • News & Views |

    Solitary waves — solitons — occur in a wide range of physical systems with a broad array of attributes and applications. Carefully engineered light–matter interactions have now produced an optomechanical dissipative soliton with promising properties.

    • Alessia Pasquazi
    Nature Physics 17, 1285-1286
  • News & Views |

    Light propagating in the topological edge channel of an array of ring resonators is predicted to generate nested frequency combs: like a Matryoshka doll containing a set of smaller dolls, each ‘tooth’ of the comb comprises another frequency comb.

    • Vittorio Peano
    Nature Physics 17, 1078-1079
  • News & Views |

    Among the many reasons a signal may deviate from perfect periodicity, quantum-limited jitter is arguably the most fundamental. A clever experiment has now stripped away technical noise to unveil quantum-limited jitter of ultrafast soliton frequency combs.

    • Miro Erkintalo
    Nature Physics 17, 432-434
  • News & Views |

    Unexpected multimode solitary waves can be formed spontaneously in hollow-core fibres, hinting at a vast world of exciting nonlinear optics, with applications for generating few-cycle, ultra-intense pulses.

    • Logan G. Wright
    •  & Frank W. Wise
    Nature Photonics 14, 713-714