Scientific community

  • Article
    | Open Access

    A diverse, multidisciplinary panel of 386 experts in COVID-19 response from 112 countries provides health and social policy actions to address inadequacies in the pandemic response and help to bring this public health threat to an end.

    • Jeffrey V. Lazarus
    • , Diana Romero
    •  & Anne Øvrehus
  • Article
    | Open Access

    An analysis of the academic employment and doctoral education of faculty members at all PhD-granting US universities from 2011 to 2020 shows that a small minority of universities (20.4%) supply a large majority of faculty members (80.0%).

    • K. Hunter Wapman
    • , Sam Zhang
    •  & Daniel B. Larremore
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ithaca—a deep neural network for textual restoration, geographical attribution and dating of ancient Greek inscriptions—collaboratively aids historians’ study of damaged texts.

    • Yannis Assael
    • , Thea Sommerschield
    •  & Nando de Freitas
  • Article |

    An analysis of three surveys of COVID-19 vaccine behaviour shows that larger surveys overconfidently overestimated vaccine uptake, a demonstration of how larger sample sizes can paradoxically lead to less accurate estimates.

    • Valerie C. Bradley
    • , Shiro Kuriwaki
    •  & Seth Flaxman
  • Article |

    The results obtained by seventy different teams analysing the same functional magnetic resonance imaging dataset show substantial variation, highlighting the influence of analytical choices and the importance of sharing workflows publicly and performing multiple analyses.

    • Rotem Botvinik-Nezer
    • , Felix Holzmeister
    •  & Tom Schonberg
  • Article |

    Insights into the interactions between pro- and anti-vaccination clusters on Facebook can enable policies and approaches that attempt to interrupt the shift to anti-vaccination views and persuade undecided individuals to adopt a pro-vaccination stance.

    • Neil F. Johnson
    • , Nicolas Velásquez
    •  & Yonatan Lupu
  • Review Article |

    The scientific, technical and ethical aspects of using CRISPR technology for therapeutic applications in humans are discussed, highlighting both opportunities and challenges of this technology to treat, cure and prevent genetic disease.

    • Jennifer A. Doudna
  • Perspective |

    The authors discuss the potential for sex and gender analysis to foster scientific discovery, improve experimental efficiency and enable social equality.

    • Cara Tannenbaum
    • , Robert P. Ellis
    •  & Londa Schiebinger
  • Article |

    A model demonstrates that people who eventually succeed and those who do not may initially appear similar, but are characterized by fundamentally distinct failure dynamics in terms of the efficiency and quality of each subsequent attempt to succeed.

    • Yian Yin
    • , Yang Wang
    •  & Dashun Wang
  • Letter |

    Human scientists make unrepresentative chemical reagent and reaction condition choices, and machine-learning algorithms trained on human-selected experiments are less capable of successfully predicting reaction outcomes than those trained on randomly generated experiments.

    • Xiwen Jia
    • , Allyson Lynch
    •  & Joshua Schrier
  • Letter |

    Proteins designed de novo by players of the online protein-folding game Foldit can be expressed in Escherichia coli and adopt the designed structure in solution.

    • Brian Koepnick
    • , Jeff Flatten
    •  & David Baker
  • Review Article |

    Understanding the behaviour of the machines powered by artificial intelligence that increasingly mediate our social, cultural, economic and political interactions is essential to our ability to control the actions of these intelligent machines, reap their benefits and minimize their harms.

    • Iyad Rahwan
    • , Manuel Cebrian
    •  & Michael Wellman
  • Letter |

    Analyses of the output produced by large versus small teams of researchers and innovators demonstrate that their work differs systematically in the extent to which it disrupts or develops existing science and technology.

    • Lingfei Wu
    • , Dashun Wang
    •  & James A. Evans
  • Letter |

    The career trajectories of around 30,000 artists, film directors and scientists show that individuals in each domain have ‘hot streaks’ during which their works have increased impact, despite showing no increase in productivity.

    • Lu Liu
    • , Yang Wang
    •  & Dashun Wang
  • Supplement |

    McCluskey returned in 1997 as chair of microbiology and immunology at the University of Melbourne, and became deputy vice-chancellor (research) in 2011.

    • David Payne
  • Supplement |

    Organometallic chemist Victoria Blair moved from Scotland to work as a postdoc at Monash University in May 2011.

    • Jack Leeming
  • Supplement |

    Welcome to Melbourne, where science is fuelled by a better class of coffee.

    • James Mitchell Crow
  • Letter |

    Options for achieving multiple sustainability goals in land systems are limited, and integrated national-scale analyses are needed across the broader environment and economy to prioritize efficient sustainability interventions.

    • Lei Gao
    •  & Brett A. Bryan
  • Supplement |

    Countries are spending more than ever on research and development, but the fields they fund vary depending on national priorities. And it is not just the research reputation that matters when choosing whether to move abroad — cost of living and quality-of-life are factors too.

  • Supplement |

    A small science community offers opportunities in a dramatic landscape, but can also limit career progression.

    • Annabel McGilvray
  • Supplement |

    The government is spending more than ever before on research and development, especially on work that is likely to produce returns.

    • Tom Benner
  • Supplement |

    Scientists from across the world are attracted to the country, which competes internationally by focusing on its strengths.

    • Karen McGhee
  • Supplement |

    A big investor in research and development, South Korea is attracting top scientists in the hope of boosting basic science.

    • Mark Zastrow
  • Supplement |

    As China continues to increase its investment in research, it is offering opportunities that can be difficult to find elsewhere.

    • Rebecca Kanthor
  • Supplement |

    The government is stepping up efforts to attract international scientists, as the country invests record sums in research.

    • Smriti Mallapaty
  • Supplement |

    Although not a major scientific player, India hopes that attracting foreign researchers will help it achieve its ambitions.

    • T.V. Padma
  • Article |

    This study develops a wide-ranging index to assess the many factors that contribute to the health and benefits of the oceans, and the scores for all costal nations are assessed.

    • Benjamin S. Halpern
    • , Catherine Longo
    •  & Dirk Zeller
  • Letter |

    Analysis of changes in functional groups of species and potential drivers of environmental change for protected areas across the world’s major tropical regions reveals large variation between reserves that have been effective and those experiencing an erosion of biodiversity, and shows that environmental changes immediately outside reserves are nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate.

    • William F. Laurance
    • , D. Carolina Useche
    •  & Franky Zamzani
  • Letter |

    Cooperation in evolutionary games can be stabilized through punishment of non-cooperators, at a cost to those who do the punishing. Punishment can take different forms, in particular peer-punishment, in which individuals punish free-riders after the event, and pool-punishment, in which a fund for sanctioning is set up beforehand. These authors show that pool-punishment is superior to peer-punishment in dealing with second-order free-riders, who cooperate in the main game but refuse to contribute to punishment.

    • Karl Sigmund
    • , Hannelore De Silva
    •  & Christoph Hauert