Plant breeding

Plant breeding is the production of plants by selective mating or hybridization. It is the traditional mechanism for producing new varieties of plants for horticulture and agriculture.

Featured

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    Development of next-generation crops will be enabled by combining state-of-the-art technologies with speed breeding.

    • Lee T. Hickey
    • , Amber N. Hafeez
    • , Hannah Robinson
    • , Scott A. Jackson
    • , Soraya C. M. Leal-Bertioli
    • , Mark Tester
    • , Caixia Gao
    • , Ian D. Godwin
    • , Ben J. Hayes
    •  & Brande B. H. Wulff
  • Research |

    Using large-scale data describing five decades of wheat breeding progress in western Europe, a study shows that breeding for high performance enhances wheat productivity under not only optimal conditions but also conditions with reduced agrochemical inputs.

    • Kai P. Voss-Fels
    • , Andreas Stahl
    • , Benjamin Wittkop
    • , Carolin Lichthardt
    • , Sabrina Nagler
    • , Till Rose
    • , Tsu-Wei Chen
    • , Holger Zetzsche
    • , Sylvia Seddig
    • , Mirza Majid Baig
    • , Agim Ballvora
    • , Matthias Frisch
    • , Elizabeth Ross
    • , Ben J. Hayes
    • , Matthew J. Hayden
    • , Frank Ordon
    • , Jens Leon
    • , Henning Kage
    • , Wolfgang Friedt
    • , Hartmut Stützel
    •  & Rod J. Snowdon
  • Research | | open

    Grain of indica rice accumulates more toxic cadmium (Cd) than japonica, but the underlying genetic basis is unclear. Here, the authors show that natural variation of OsCd1 contributes to divergence in grain Cd accumulation and transferring japonica allele to indica rice leads to reduced Cd accumulation.

    • Huili Yan
    • , Wenxiu Xu
    • , Jianyin Xie
    • , Yiwei Gao
    • , Lulu Wu
    • , Liang Sun
    • , Lu Feng
    • , Xu Chen
    • , Tian Zhang
    • , Changhua Dai
    • , Ting Li
    • , Xiuni Lin
    • , Zhanying Zhang
    • , Xueqiang Wang
    • , Fengmei Li
    • , Xiaoyang Zhu
    • , Jinjie Li
    • , Zichao Li
    • , Caiyan Chen
    • , Mi Ma
    • , Hongliang Zhang
    •  & Zhenyan He
  • Research |

    Genetic mapping and functional studies show that mutation of a histidine-rich calcium-binding-protein gene at the Fhb1 locus confers resistance to Fusarium head blight in wheat. Notably, transgenic plants expressing the R allele show enhanced resistance to infection.

    • Guoqiang Li
    • , Jiyang Zhou
    • , Haiyan Jia
    • , Zhongxia Gao
    • , Min Fan
    • , Yanjun Luo
    • , Panting Zhao
    • , Shulin Xue
    • , Na Li
    • , Yang Yuan
    • , Shengwei Ma
    • , Zhongxin Kong
    • , Li Jia
    • , Xia An
    • , Ge Jiang
    • , Wenxing Liu
    • , Wenjin Cao
    • , Rongrong Zhang
    • , Jicai Fan
    • , Xiaowu Xu
    • , Yanfang Liu
    • , Qianqian Kong
    • , Shouhang Zheng
    • , Yao Wang
    • , Bin Qin
    • , Shouyang Cao
    • , Yunxiao Ding
    • , Jinxing Shi
    • , Haisheng Yan
    • , Xin Wang
    • , Congfu Ran
    •  & Zhengqiang Ma
  • Research |

    By map-based cloning and knockout experiments, a study identified and validated ZmDMP to be one of the two genes known to control haploid induction in maize. A single-nucleotide mutation in ZmDMP causes a 2–3-fold increase in the haploid induction rate.

    • Yu Zhong
    • , Chenxu Liu
    • , Xiaolong Qi
    • , Yanyan Jiao
    • , Dong Wang
    • , Yuwen Wang
    • , Zongkai Liu
    • , Chen Chen
    • , Baojian Chen
    • , Xiaolong Tian
    • , Jinlong Li
    • , Ming Chen
    • , Xin Dong
    • , Xiaowei Xu
    • , Liang Li
    • , Wei Li
    • , Wenxin Liu
    • , Weiwei Jin
    • , Jinsheng Lai
    •  & Shaojiang Chen
    Nature Plants 5, 575-580
  • Research |

    Genetic studies using map-based cloning, gene editing, RNA interference, haplotyping and association analyses identify a deletion in TaHRC as a key determinant of Fhb1-mediated resistance to Fusarium head blight in wheat.

    • Zhenqi Su
    • , Amy Bernardo
    • , Bin Tian
    • , Hui Chen
    • , Shan Wang
    • , Hongxiang Ma
    • , Shibin Cai
    • , Dongtao Liu
    • , Dadong Zhang
    • , Tao Li
    • , Harold Trick
    • , Paul St. Amand
    • , Jianming Yu
    • , Zengyan Zhang
    •  & Guihua Bai

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    A comprehensive analysis of genetic gains in winter wheat, spanning 50 years of breeding and conducted under a wide range of cropping systems, validates the inherent efficiency of breeding for optimal environments.

    • Matthew Reynolds
    •  & Hans Braun
  • News and Views |

    Self-compatible diploid potatoes have been developed by knocking out the self-incompatibility gene S-RNase using CRISPR–Cas9 editing, opening new avenues for diploid potato breeding.

    • Mark Taylor
    Nature Plants 4, 631-632
  • News and Views |

    Race-specific resistance genes represent essential genetic sources in crop breeding. Map-based cloning of the wheat Stb6 gene against Zymoseptoria tritici identified a wall-associated receptor kinase-like protein as a novel player in race-specific disease resistance.

    • Beat Keller
    •  & Simon G. Krattinger
    Nature Plants 4, 197-198
  • News and Views |

    Geneticists and breeders are enthralled with the variability of traits within a species, but fundamental questions remain about what types of molecular changes underlie phenotypic variation. An investigation of the transcriptomes of agricultural varieties of maize provides insights into the variability of gene expression and it’s phenotypic consequences.

    • Candice N Hirsch
    •  & Nathan M Springer
    Nature Plants 4, 193-194
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The recently published reference genome of Aegilops tauschii provides new insights into the originator of the D genome donor of hexaploid wheat. This will be a foundation for exploring the genomic diversity underpinning adaptive traits in wheat, and ultimately advance wheat improvement efforts.

    • Awais Rasheed
    • , Francis C. Ogbonnaya
    • , Evans Lagudah
    • , Rudi Appels
    •  & Zhonghu He
    Nature Plants 4, 56-58