Physical sciences

Definition

Physical sciences are those academic disciplines that aim to uncover the underlying laws of nature - often written in the language of mathematics. It is a collective term for areas of study including astronomy, chemistry, materials science and physics.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Protocols |

    Cross-linking of amino acids in close proximity on protein surfaces, followed by mass spectrometry, provides useful structural information. This protocol for using XlinkX can be applied for analysis of cultured cell samples or purified complexes.

    • Oleg Klykov
    • , Barbara Steigenberger
    • , Sibel Pektaş
    • , Domenico Fasci
    • , Albert J. R. Heck
    •  & Richard A. Scheltema
  • Reviews |

    Noyori-type catalysts perform (de)hydrogenation and transfer (de)hydrogenation reactions at a metal centre coordinated to a N–H moiety. Understanding how these metal–ligand bifunctional catalysts operate enables us to design better catalysts for these reactions and for related conversions such as alcohol dehydrogenations, ester or carboxamide hydrogenations and dehydrogenative coupling of primary alcohols with other alcohols or amines.

    • Pavel A. Dub
    •  & John C. Gordon
  • Reviews | | open

    The solutions adopted by the high-energy physics community to foster reproducible research are examples of best practices that could be embraced more widely. This first experience suggests that reproducibility requires going beyond openness.

    • Xiaoli Chen
    • , Sünje Dallmeier-Tiessen
    • , Robin Dasler
    • , Sebastian Feger
    • , Pamfilos Fokianos
    • , Jose Benito Gonzalez
    • , Harri Hirvonsalo
    • , Dinos Kousidis
    • , Artemis Lavasa
    • , Salvatore Mele
    • , Diego Rodriguez Rodriguez
    • , Tibor Šimko
    • , Tim Smith
    • , Ana Trisovic
    • , Anna Trzcinska
    • , Ioannis Tsanaktsidis
    • , Markus Zimmermann
    • , Kyle Cranmer
    • , Lukas Heinrich
    • , Gordon Watts
    • , Michael Hildreth
    • , Lara Lloret Iglesias
    • , Kati Lassili-Perini
    •  & Sebastian Neubert
  • Research |

    Ordered oxygen complexes in high-entropy alloys enhance both strength and ductility in these compositionally complex solid solutions.

    • Zhifeng Lei
    • , Xiongjun Liu
    • , Yuan Wu
    • , Hui Wang
    • , Suihe Jiang
    • , Shudao Wang
    • , Xidong Hui
    • , Yidong Wu
    • , Baptiste Gault
    • , Paraskevas Kontis
    • , Dierk Raabe
    • , Lin Gu
    • , Qinghua Zhang
    • , Houwen Chen
    • , Hongtao Wang
    • , Jiabin Liu
    • , Ke An
    • , Qiaoshi Zeng
    • , Tai-Gang Nieh
    •  & Zhaoping Lu
    Nature, 1–5
  • Research | | open

    Gradient-based hybrid quantum-classical algorithms are often initialised with random, unstructured guesses. Here, the authors show that this approach will fail in the long run, due to the exponentially-small probability of finding a large enough gradient along any direction.

    • Jarrod R. McClean
    • , Sergio Boixo
    • , Vadim N. Smelyanskiy
    • , Ryan Babbush
    •  & Hartmut Neven

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