Optical physics

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cherenkov detectors are used to detect high energy particles and their performance capabilities depend heavily on the material used. Here, the authors propose use of a Brewster-optics-based angular filter for a detector with increased sensitivity and particle identification capability.

    • Xiao Lin
    • , Hao Hu
    •  & Yu Luo
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Here, the authors report on evidence of an excitonic species formed by electrons in high-energy conduction band states with a negative effective mass, explaining previous observations of quantum interference phenomena in two-dimensional semiconductors.

    • Kai-Qiang Lin
    • , Chin Shen Ong
    •  & John M. Lupton
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Room-temperature exciton polaritons in a monolayer WS2 are shown to display strong motional narrowing of the linewidth and enhanced first-order coherence. They can propagate for tens of micrometers while maintaining partial coherence, and display signatures of ballistic (dissipationless) transport.

    • M. Wurdack
    • , E. Estrecho
    •  & E. A. Ostrovskaya
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mn3Sn is an anti-ferromagnetic material which displays a large magneto-optical Kerr effect, despite lacking a ferromagnetic moment. Here, the authors show that likewise, Mn3Sn, also presents a particularly large magneto-optical Voigt signal, with a negligible change in the quench time over a wide temperature range.

    • H. C. Zhao
    • , H. Xia
    •  & H. B. Zhao
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The limit of X-ray detection is an important figure of merit for X-ray detectors, yet the suitability of method adopted from Currie’s 1968 paper and the following international standard is in doubt. Here, the authors propose a statistical model that correlates dark current and photo-current, show how it can be used to determine detection limit.

    • Lei Pan
    • , Shreetu Shrestha
    •  & Lei R. Cao
  • Article
    | Open Access

    N00N states are a key resource in quantum metrology, but the use of their multi-mode extension for multiparameter estimation has been elusive so far. Here, the authors use multi-mode N00N states - with N=2 photons in 4 modes - for multiple-phase estimation saturating the quantum Cramer-Rao bound.

    • Seongjin Hong
    • , Junaid ur Rehman
    •  & Hyang-Tag Lim
  • Article
    | Open Access

    So far, experimental results have favoured the often unstated assumption that quantum statistical properties of multiparticle systems are preserved in plasmonic platforms. Here, the authors show how multiparticle interference in photon-plasmon scattering can modify the excitation mode of plasmonic systems.

    • Chenglong You
    • , Mingyuan Hong
    •  & Omar S. Magaña-Loaiza
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Surface plasmons have unique physical properties that make them also interesting for technology. Here, the authors observe plasmons in mixed-dimensional heterostructures that can be highly modulated with electrostatic gating, which may be explained by plasmon hybridization

    • Sheng Wang
    • , SeokJae Yoo
    •  & Feng Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    High harmonic generation is a nonlinear optical phenomena and HHG from solid offers challenges and advantages over dilute media like gases. Here the authors report HHG from metallic thin film of titanium nitride and discuss the role of intraband current to HHG.

    • A. Korobenko
    • , S. Saha
    •  & P. B. Corkum
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Microcombs operating in the deterministic quantum regime could lead to new applications. Here, the authors demonstrate a quantum microcomb consisting of 20 two-mode squeezed comb pairs, in an optical microresonator on a silicon chip.

    • Zijiao Yang
    • , Mandana Jahanbozorgi
    •  & Xu Yi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Graphene is the archetype for realizing two-dimensional topological phases of matter. Here, the authors introduce a new topological classification connected to polarization transport, where the topological number is revealed in the spatiotemporal dispersion of the susceptibility tensor.

    • Todd Van Mechelen
    • , Wenbo Sun
    •  & Zubin Jacob
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Conventional DC-DC converters rely on switching operations and energy storing components which face both noise and scaling difficulties. Here, the authors present an alternative design for a DC-to-DC converter based on closely coupled LEDs and photovoltaic cells, which exhibits high efficiency, low noise, and miniaturizability.

    • Bo Zhao
    • , Sid Assawaworrarit
    •  & Shanhui Fan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Semiconductor surface states often stand in the way of device performance, but here, the authors take advantage of them for wavelength conversion. They present a compact, passive conversion device insensitive to optical alignment by using plasmon-coupled surface states that enable the efficient conversion without nonlinear phenomena.

    • Deniz Turan
    • , Ping Keng Lu
    •  & Mona Jarrahi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photon echo techniques are difficult to implement in the quantum regime due to coherent and spontaneous emission noise. Here, the authors propose a low-noise photon-echo quantum memory approach based on all-optical control in a four-level system, and demonstrate it using a Eu3+:Y2SiO5 crystal.

    • You-Zhi Ma
    • , Ming Jin
    •  & Guang-Can Guo
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ensuring robustness of bound states in the continuum usually relies on precise control of geometrical symmetries, which are quite susceptible to fabrication imperfections. Here, the authors propose to exploit physical symmetries instead, as a way to achieve robust BICs in disordered systems.

    • Qingjia Zhou
    • , Yangyang Fu
    •  & Yadong Xu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Refraction between anisotropic media is still an unexplored phenomenon. Here, the authors investigate the propagation of hyperbolic phonon polaritons traversing α-MoO3 nanoprisms, showing a bending-free refraction effect and sub-diffractional focusing with foci size as small as 1/50 of the light wavelength in free space.

    • J. Duan
    • , G. Álvarez-Pérez
    •  & P. Alonso-González
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The established means of bandgap control in semiconductors are based on chemical, electrical or optical doping. Here, the authors report wide bandgap modulations in monolayer WS2 at room temperature by coupling the 2D semiconductor to a self-assembled plasmonic crystal inducing coherent hot electron doping.

    • Yu-Hui Chen
    • , Ronnie R. Tamming
    •  & Min Qiu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Strong nonlinearities, like high harmonic generation in optical systems, can lead to interesting applications in photonics. Here the authors fabricate a thin resonant gallium phosphide metasurface capable of avoiding the laser-induced damage and demonstrate efficient even and odd high harmonic generation from it when driven by mid-infrared laser pulses.

    • Maxim R. Shcherbakov
    • , Haizhong Zhang
    •  & Gennady Shvets
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The Doppler effect is a wave phenomenon that can find the magnitude of velocity of moving targets with scalar waves. Here, the authors use vectorially structured light with spatially variant polarization to fully determine both the magnitude of velocity and motion direction of a moving particle.

    • Liang Fang
    • , Zhenyu Wan
    •  & Jian Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Light in disordered materials generates rich interference patterns called speckle, whose properties are known only on the outside of a sample. Here, the authors provide direct measurements and understanding of speckle generated inside a material, retrieving fundamental information that remained inaccessible up to now.

    • Marco Leonetti
    • , Lorenzo Pattelli
    •  & Giancarlo Ruocco
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Metasurfaces allow for vast possibilities of light control. Here, the authors demonstrate on-demand engineering and realization of a broad family of two-dimensional phase singularity sheets and transverse polarization singularity sheets, opening up new aspects of light-matter interaction.

    • Soon Wei Daniel Lim
    • , Joon-Suh Park
    •  & Federico Capasso
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Optical readout techniques for nanomechanical force probes usually generate more heat than what can be dissipated through the nanoresonators. Here, the authors use an interferometric readout scheme, achieving large force sensitivity using suspended silicon carbide nanowires at dilution temperatures.

    • Francesco Fogliano
    • , Benjamin Besga
    •  & Olivier Arcizet
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Though laser action has been reported for optical bound states in the continuum (BIC) cavities with high quality factors, these BIC lasers lacked practical applicability. Here, the authors report an ultralow-threshold super-BIC laser featuring merged symmetry-protected and accidental BICs.

    • Min-Soo Hwang
    • , Hoo-Cheol Lee
    •  & Hong-Gyu Park
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Developing new methods for structuring light’s chirality in space would be advantageous for various next-generation applications. Here, the authors report enantio-sensitive unidirectional light bending by interacting light with isotropic chiral media.

    • David Ayuso
    • , Andres F. Ordonez
    •  & Olga Smirnova
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Direct visualisation of 3D vector distributions of photoinduced fields can shed light on the optical and mechanical behaviour of different materials. Here, the authors demonstrate such visualisation using photoinduced force microscopy by observing the optical gradient force at the nanometer scale.

    • Junsuke Yamanishi
    • , Hidemasa Yamane
    •  & Yasuhiro Sugawara
  • Review Article
    | Open Access

    This review presents an overview of scenarios where van der Waals (vdW) materials provide unique advantages for nanophotonic biosensing applications. The authors discuss basic sensing principles based on vdW materials, advantages of the reduced dimensionality as well as technological challenges.

    • Sang-Hyun Oh
    • , Hatice Altug
    •  & Michael S. Strano
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Imaging through scattering media is possible using a transmission matrix or the memory effect. Here, the authors describe the nature of optical memory effects in structures of arbitrary geometry and use this framework to estimate the transmission matrix of an optical fibre from just one end.

    • Shuhui Li
    • , Simon A. R. Horsley
    •  & David B. Phillips
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The angular dependence is a well-known issue in metasurface engineering. Here the authors introduce a supercell metasurface able to implement multiple independent functions under large deflection angles with high efficiency, leading to a wavelength tunable laser with arbitrary wavefront control.

    • Christina Spägele
    • , Michele Tamagnone
    •  & Federico Capasso
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Light field prints displaying 3D information often appear pixelated due to limited resolution and misalignment between lenses and colour pixels. Here, the authors present a one-step process via two-photon polymerization lithography to fabricate light field prints with high spatial and angular resolution.

    • John You En Chan
    • , Qifeng Ruan
    •  & Joel K. W. Yang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It has been challenging to rotate nanoparticles orbitally via optical trapping beyond the diffraction limit. Here, the authors take advantage of the nonlinear optical effect and demonstrate fast and controlled orbital rotation at subwavelength scale with a femtosecond pulsed Gaussian beam.

    • Yaqiang Qin
    • , Lei-Ming Zhou
    •  & Yuqiang Jiang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Room-temperature single photon sources with memory capabilities are promising for quantum information processing, but are currently limited in their memory time or photon purity. Here, the authors report single photon emission with good antibunching from an atomic vapour cell source with 0.68 ms memory time.

    • Karsten B. Dideriksen
    • , Rebecca Schmieg
    •  & Eugene S. Polzik
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Controlling radiation emission using metamaterials is of interest for light sources and other applications. Here, the authors develop generalized phased-array metasurface equations and design metasurface axicons and lenses to collimate and focus the spontaneous emission, respectively.

    • Yahya Mohtashami
    • , Ryan A. DeCrescent
    •  & Jon. A. Schuller
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Control of quantum emitters is needed in order to enable many applications. Here, the authors demonstrate enhancement and dynamical control of the Purcell emission from erbium ions doped in a nanoparticle within a fiber-based microcavity.

    • Bernardo Casabone
    • , Chetan Deshmukh
    •  & Hugues de Riedmatten
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Accessing intraband dynamics is challenging due to simultaneous requirements on energy, momentum and time resolution. Here, the authors measure intraband delays between sp- and d-band electronic states in the valence band photoemission from W(110) using intracavity generated attosecond pulse trains.

    • S. Heinrich
    • , T. Saule
    •  & U. Kleineberg
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Knowledge of the quantum response of materials is essential for designing light–matter interactions at the nanoscale. Here, the authors report a theory for understanding the impact of metallic quantum response on acoustic graphene plasmons and how such response could be inferred from measurements.

    • P. A. D. Gonçalves
    • , Thomas Christensen
    •  & N. Asger Mortensen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Here the authors demonstrate an on-demand generation of perfect soliton crystal using synthesized potential field. The individual solitons can also be controlled, for example oscillate around their equilibrium position, by the external field.

    • Zhizhou Lu
    • , Hao-Jing Chen
    •  & Wenfu Zhang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ultrastrong light-matter interactions with dominant antiresonant terms are expected to give rise to interesting phenomena such as quantum fluctuation suppression. Here, the authors propose a system of ultrastrongly coupled magnon modes in a rare earth orthoferrite as a platform for exploring such phenomena.

    • Takuma Makihara
    • , Kenji Hayashida
    •  & Junichiro Kono