Nanoscience and technology

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Single-molecular magnets (SMM) are promising candidates for quantum technologies given the ease of repeatable manufacture and potential as qudits. Here, Biard et al succeed in electronically reading out a SMM containing two high-spin terbium atoms, allowing for a 16 dimensional Hilbert space.

    • Hugo Biard
    • , Eufemio Moreno-Pineda
    •  & Franck Balestro
  • Article
    | Open Access

    DNA origami can be used to control the movement of nanoscale assemblies. Here the authors construct multiple-micrometer-long hollow DNA filaments through which DNA pistons move with micrometer-per-second speeds.

    • Pierre Stömmer
    • , Henrik Kiefer
    •  & Hendrik Dietz
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Nuclear spins in diamond are promising for applications in quantum technologies due to their long coherence times. Here, the authors demonstrate a scalable electrical readout of individual intrinsic 14N nuclear spins in diamond, mediated by hyperfine coupling to electron spin of the NV center, as a step towards room-temperature nanoscale diamond quantum devices.

    • Michal Gulka
    • , Daniel Wirtitsch
    •  & Milos Nesladek
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Surface of colloidal quantum dot is sensitive to water, and the interaction could potentially alter its chemical environments. Here, Shi et al. investigate how the interaction effects the nanostructures and carrier dynamic in CQDs, and subsequently introduce meniscus-guided coating technique to mitigate CQD fusion triggered by water adsorption.

    • Guozheng Shi
    • , Haibin Wang
    •  & Wanli Ma
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photon upconversion with near-infrared excitation and ultraviolet emission has many applications, but suffers from low quantum efficiency. Here, the authors report a six-photon upconversion process in nanoparticles with heterogeneous core-multishell structure, that regulate the energy transfer pathway.

    • Qianqian Su
    • , Han-Lin Wei
    •  & Dayong Jin
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Near-field thermophotovoltaic holds the potential for achieving high-power density and energy conversion efficiency by utilizing evanescent modes of heat transfer, yet the performance still lags behind the far-field counterpart. Here, the authors combine thermally robust planar emitter with InGaAs PV to push the limit of near-field device further.

    • Rohith Mittapally
    • , Byungjun Lee
    •  & Edgar Meyhofer
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Structural and morphological control of crystalline nanoparticles is crucial in heterogeneous catalysis. Applying DFT-assisted solid-state NMR spectroscopy, we determine the surface crystal and electronic structure of Ni2P nanoparticles, unveiling NMR nanocrystallography as an emerging tool in facet-engineered nanocatalysts.

    • Wassilios Papawassiliou
    • , José P. Carvalho
    •  & Andrew J. Pell
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Refraction between anisotropic media is still an unexplored phenomenon. Here, the authors investigate the propagation of hyperbolic phonon polaritons traversing α-MoO3 nanoprisms, showing a bending-free refraction effect and sub-diffractional focusing with foci size as small as 1/50 of the light wavelength in free space.

    • J. Duan
    • , G. Álvarez-Pérez
    •  & P. Alonso-González
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The integration of nano-molecules into microelectronic circuitry is challenging. Here, the authors provide a scalable method for contacting a self-assembled monolayer of nanoparticles with a single layer of graphene that produces single-electron effects, in the form of a Coulomb staircase, with a yield of at least 70%.

    • Joel M. Fruhman
    • , Hippolyte P.A.G. Astier
    •  & Christopher J. B. Ford
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Germanium (Ge) has potential as a dopant suitable for the hematite-based photoelectrochemical water splitting system. Here, the authors report the fabrication of Ge doped porous hematite and demonstrate an efficient tandem system of Ge doped porous hematite and the perovskite solar cell.

    • Ki-Yong Yoon
    • , Juhyung Park
    •  & Ji-Hyun Jang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Despite the important role of ligands in designing nanoparticles, directly imaging them on the nanoparticle surface remains a challenge. Here, the authors use atom probe tomography to map the spatial distribution of ligands on nanoparticles and reveal that the interplay between halide and cetrimonium ligands decides the oxidation resistance and shape of Pd nanoparticles.

    • Kyuseon Jang
    • , Se-Ho Kim
    •  & Pyuck-Pa Choi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Adsorption is a fundamentally important process but challenging to quantify, especially at the nanoscale. Here, the authors map the adsorption affinity and cooperativity of various ligands on single gold nanoparticles and discover adsorption crossover behaviors between different facets, leading to a strategy to control particle shape.

    • Rong Ye
    • , Ming Zhao
    •  & Peng Chen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Up-conversion photoluminescence in colloidal quantum dots is generally believed to be mediated by thermal activation from defect states. Here, the authors reveal that highly-efficient up-conversion photoluminescence instead is related to electron-phonon coupling.

    • Zikang Ye
    • , Xing Lin
    •  & Xiaogang Peng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Skyrmions - nanoscale, topological spin textures - are promising elements for next-generation computing due to their efficient coupling to currents in racetrack devices. Here, Tan et al. examine over 20,000 instances of current induced skyrmion motion to unveil a comprehensive picture of skyrmion dynamics across currents and fields.

    • Anthony K. C. Tan
    • , Pin Ho
    •  & Anjan Soumyanarayanan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It was suggested that the breakdown of the quantum Hall effect in graphene originates from the coupling between counter propagating edge modes. Here, by using scanning gate microscopy, the authors propose a microscopic mechanism of this coupling due to antidots present at graphene edges.

    • N. Moreau
    • , B. Brun
    •  & B. Hackens
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Nucleic acid-based constitutional dynamic networks (CDNs) enable control of various catalytic processes, but it is challenging to achieve intercommunication between different CDNs and by that mimic complex cell biology networks. Here, the authors report two CDNs that control the integration of photochemical and dark-operating processes, and show their intercommunication afforded by environmental components.

    • Chen Wang
    • , Michael P. O’Hagan
    •  & Itamar Willner
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Recurrent spiking neural networks have garnered interest due to their energy efficiency; however, they suffer from lower accuracy compared to conventional neural networks. Here, the authors present an alternative neuron model and its efficient hardware implementation, demonstrating high classification accuracy across a range of datasets.

    • Ahmed Shaban
    • , Sai Sukruth Bezugam
    •  & Manan Suri
  • Article
    | Open Access

    In this manuscript, the authors grow very thin layers of FeAs in a matrix of InAs. The resulting superlattice displays ferromagnetism, with the Curie temperature varying depending on the layer thickness. These results further illustrate the wide array of intriguing ground states of materials with tetrahedral FeAs bonds

    • Le Duc Anh
    • , Taiki Hayakawa
    •  & Masaaki Tanaka
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitors have been shown to be able to treat acute pancreatitis, but are toxic with systemic application. Here the authors design a nanoparticle with macrophage membrane components to carry PLA2 inhibitor to macrophages and treat pancreatitis in mice, with no evidence of toxicity.

    • Qiangzhe Zhang
    • , Julia Zhou
    •  & Liangfang Zhang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Long-range coherent spin-qubit transfer between semiconductor quantum dots requires understanding and control over associated errors. Here, the authors achieve high-fidelity coherent state transfer in a Si double quantum dot, underpinning the prospects of a large-scale quantum computer.

    • J. Yoneda
    • , W. Huang
    •  & A. S. Dzurak
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Optical readout techniques for nanomechanical force probes usually generate more heat than what can be dissipated through the nanoresonators. Here, the authors use an interferometric readout scheme, achieving large force sensitivity using suspended silicon carbide nanowires at dilution temperatures.

    • Francesco Fogliano
    • , Benjamin Besga
    •  & Olivier Arcizet
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Limited understanding of the interactions between nanoparticle drug carriers and the blood-brain barrier underlies many translational failures in treatments of brain disorders. Here the authors use two-photon microscopy in mice to characterize the receptor-mediated transcytosis of nanoparticles at all steps of delivery from the blood to the brain in vivo.

    • Krzysztof Kucharz
    • , Kasper Kristensen
    •  & Martin Johannes Lauritzen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Band alignment engineering is important to realize high performance and multifunctionality in a specific van der Waals heterojunction. Here, the authors observe band alignment transition of the heterojunction in a ferroelectric-tuned van der Waals heterojunction device with high performance.

    • Yan Chen
    • , Xudong Wang
    •  & Jianlu Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Neuromorphic nanowire networks are found to exhibit neural-like dynamics, including phase transitions and avalanche criticality. Hochstetter and Kuncic et al. show that the dynamical state at the edge-of-chaos is optimal for learning and favours computationally complex information processing tasks.

    • Joel Hochstetter
    • , Ruomin Zhu
    •  & Zdenka Kuncic
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Extension of nanostructure fabrication in the single-nm regime is a promising but fabrication of nanostructures with high aspect ratios remains challenging. Here, the authors use high energy charged particles to produce free-standing 1D organic nanostructures with extremely high aspect ratios and controlled number density.

    • Koshi Kamiya
    • , Kazuto Kayama
    •  & Shu Seki
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Van der Waals magnetic materials (vdWs) have allowed for the exploration of the two dimensional limit of magnetism, however, most vdWs are only magnetic at low temperature. Herein, the authors overcome this limitation, observing room temperature magnetic ordering in Cobalt doped graphene-like Zinc-Oxide.

    • Rui Chen
    • , Fuchuan Luo
    •  & Jie Yao
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Controlled actuation is an important aspect of synthetic cellular systems. Here, the authors combine pH responsive DNA origami structures with light triggered proton pump engineered E. coli to trigger a change in pH and control the deformation of giant unilamellar vesicles by simple illumination.

    • Kevin Jahnke
    • , Noah Ritzmann
    •  & Kerstin Göpfrich
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Synthetic polymer nano-objects with well-defined hierarchical structures are important for a wide range of applications such as nanomaterial synthesis, catalysis, and therapeutics. Here the authors demonstrate the strategy of fabricating controlled hierarchical structures through self-assembly of folded synthetic polymers.

    • Chaojian Chen
    • , Manjesh Kumar Singh
    •  & Tanja Weil
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The origins of the superior catalytic activity of poorly crystallized Ir-based oxide material for the OER in acid is still under debate. Here, authors synthesize porous IrMo oxides to deconvolute the effect of Ir oxidation state from short-range ordering and show the latter to be a key factor.

    • Marine Elmaalouf
    • , Mateusz Odziomek
    •  & Jennifer Peron
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Performance of Si nanowires as thermoelectrics are evaluated only from cryogenic to ambient temperatures and ZT has remained low. Here, the authors systematically optimized the synthesis method and improved the suspended microdevice platform to achieve high-performance thermoelectrics up to 700 K.

    • Lin Yang
    • , Daihong Huh
    •  & Ravi S. Prasher
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Direct visualisation of 3D vector distributions of photoinduced fields can shed light on the optical and mechanical behaviour of different materials. Here, the authors demonstrate such visualisation using photoinduced force microscopy by observing the optical gradient force at the nanometer scale.

    • Junsuke Yamanishi
    • , Hidemasa Yamane
    •  & Yasuhiro Sugawara
  • Review Article
    | Open Access

    This review presents an overview of scenarios where van der Waals (vdW) materials provide unique advantages for nanophotonic biosensing applications. The authors discuss basic sensing principles based on vdW materials, advantages of the reduced dimensionality as well as technological challenges.

    • Sang-Hyun Oh
    • , Hatice Altug
    •  & Michael S. Strano
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Precise and dynamic manipulation of nano-objects on a large scale has been challenging. Here, the authors introduce acoustoelectronic nanotweezers, combining precision of electronic tweezers with large-field dynamic control of acoustic tweezers, demonstrating complex patterning of sub-100 nm objects.

    • Peiran Zhang
    • , Joseph Rufo
    •  & Tony Jun Huang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ultra-high-field (UHF) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has potential for imaging disease including cancer metastasis. Here, the authors develop an ultra-sensitive antiferromagnetic nanoparticle probe with a small magnetisation for use in UHF MRI and demonstrate the ability to detect small primary tumours and micrometastases in mice.

    • Zeyu Liang
    • , Qiyue Wang
    •  & Daishun Ling
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The relation between the microscopic structure and the optical properties of atomic defects in 2D semiconductors is still debated. Here, the authors correlate different fabrication processes, optical spectroscopy and electron microscopy to identify the optical signatures of chalcogen vacancies in monolayer MoS2.

    • Elmar Mitterreiter
    • , Bruno Schuler
    •  & Christoph Kastl
  • Article
    | Open Access

    While H2 evolution from water may represent a renewable energy source, there is a strong need to improve catalytic efficiencies while maximizing materials utilization. Here, authors examine single-atom Pt on nickel-based heterostructures as highly active electrocatalysts for alkaline H2 evolution.

    • Kai Ling Zhou
    • , Zelin Wang
    •  & Hui Yan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Optical receivers based on graphene still suffer from low responsivity. Here, the authors integrate a photo-thermoelectric graphene photodetector with a Si micro-ring resonator, and obtain a voltage responsivity ~ 90 V/W and a reduction of energy-per-bit consumption, enabling performance on par with mature semiconductor technology.

    • S. Schuler
    • , J. E. Muench
    •  & T. Mueller