Microbiology

Definition

Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.

Featured

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    The development of selective ubiquitin-specific protease-7 (USP7) inhibitors GNE-6640 and GNE-6776, which induce tumour cell death and reveal differential kinetics of Lys-48 and Lys-63-linked ubiquitin chain depolymerization by USP7.

    • Lorna Kategaya
    • , Paola Di Lello
    • , Lionel Rougé
    • , Richard Pastor
    • , Kevin R. Clark
    • , Jason Drummond
    • , Tracy Kleinheinz
    • , Eva Lin
    • , John-Paul Upton
    • , Sumit Prakash
    • , Johanna Heideker
    • , Mark McCleland
    • , Maria Stella Ritorto
    • , Dario R. Alessi
    • , Matthias Trost
    • , Travis W. Bainbridge
    • , Michael C. M. Kwok
    • , Taylur P. Ma
    • , Zachary Stiffler
    • , Bradley Brasher
    • , Yinyan Tang
    • , Priyadarshini Jaishankar
    • , Brian R. Hearn
    • , Adam R. Renslo
    • , Michelle R. Arkin
    • , Frederick Cohen
    • , Kebing Yu
    • , Frank Peale
    • , Florian Gnad
    • , Matthew T. Chang
    • , Christiaan Klijn
    • , Elizabeth Blackwood
    • , Scott E. Martin
    • , William F. Forrest
    • , James A. Ernst
    • , Chudi Ndubaku
    • , Xiaojing Wang
    • , Maureen H. Beresini
    • , Vickie Tsui
    • , Carsten Schwerdtfeger
    • , Robert A. Blake
    • , Jeremy Murray
    • , Till Maurer
    •  & Ingrid E. Wertz
  • Research | | open

    Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from agricultural sources is generally omitted from sulfur emission estimates despite its abundance in livestock emissions. Here, the authors show that agriculture is the most important source of sulfur in Denmark using proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry measurements of H2S.

    • Anders Feilberg
    • , Michael Jørgen Hansen
    • , Dezhao Liu
    •  & Tavs Nyord
  • Research | | open

    Boosting of maternal antibodies against RSV is a potential approach to protect infants from severe infection, but data from animal models is missing. Here Steff et al. test two different boosts in seropositive cattle pre-exposed to bovine RSV and show that pre-fusion F strongly boosts neutralizing responses.

    • Ann-Muriel Steff
    • , James Monroe
    • , Kristian Friedrich
    • , Sumana Chandramouli
    • , Thi Lien-Anh Nguyen
    • , Sai Tian
    • , Sarah Vandepaer
    • , Jean-François Toussaint
    •  & Andrea Carfi
  • Research | | open

    Biochar promotes plant growth via a slow release of nutrients; however, a mechanistic understanding of nutrient storage in biochar is lacking. Here, using high-resolution spectromicroscopy and mass spectrometry, the authors identify an organic coating on co-composted particles that enhances nutrient retention.

    • Nikolas Hagemann
    • , Stephen Joseph
    • , Hans-Peter Schmidt
    • , Claudia I. Kammann
    • , Johannes Harter
    • , Thomas Borch
    • , Robert B. Young
    • , Krisztina Varga
    • , Sarasadat Taherymoosavi
    • , K. Wade Elliott
    • , Amy McKenna
    • , Mihaela Albu
    • , Claudia Mayrhofer
    • , Martin Obst
    • , Pellegrino Conte
    • , Alba Dieguez-Alonso
    • , Silvia Orsetti
    • , Edisson Subdiaga
    • , Sebastian Behrens
    •  & Andreas Kappler
  • Research | | open

    The impacts of carbon capture and storage (CCS) on subsurface microorganisms are poorly understood. Here, the authors show that deep ecosystems respond quickly to CO2 injections and that the environmental consequences of their metabolic activities need to be properly assessed for sustainable CCS in basalt.

    • Rosalia Trias
    • , Bénédicte Ménez
    • , Paul le Campion
    • , Yvan Zivanovic
    • , Léna Lecourt
    • , Aurélien Lecoeuvre
    • , Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin
    • , Jenny Uhl
    • , Sigurður R. Gislason
    • , Helgi A. Alfreðsson
    • , Kiflom G. Mesfin
    • , Sandra Ó. Snæbjörnsdóttir
    • , Edda S. Aradóttir
    • , Ingvi Gunnarsson
    • , Juerg M. Matter
    • , Martin Stute
    • , Eric H. Oelkers
    •  & Emmanuelle Gérard

News and Comment