Microbiology

Definition

Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Changes in the fur microbiome of Egyptian fruit bats are synchronized through time at the level of whole colonies, together with fur volatile compounds. This contrasts with their gut microbiome profiles, which change at the level of the individual.

    • Oren Kolodny
    • , Maya Weinberg
    • , Leah Reshef
    • , Lee Harten
    • , Abraham Hefetz
    • , Uri Gophna
    • , Marcus W. Feldman
    •  & Yossi Yovel
  • Research |

    The Bacillus cereus enterotoxin haemolysin BL induces pore formation and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, leading to enhanced lethality during infection.

    • Anukriti Mathur
    • , Shouya Feng
    • , Jenni A. Hayward
    • , Chinh Ngo
    • , Daniel Fox
    • , Ines I. Atmosukarto
    • , Jason D. Price
    • , Kristina Schauer
    • , Erwin Märtlbauer
    • , Avril A. B. Robertson
    • , Gaetan Burgio
    • , Edward M. Fox
    • , Stephen H. Leppla
    • , Nadeem O. Kaakoush
    •  & Si Ming Man
  • Research |

    Using metabolomics and shotgun metagenomics on stool samples from individuals with and without inflammatory bowel disease, metabolites, microbial species and genes associated with disease were identified and validated in an independent cohort.

    • Eric A. Franzosa
    • , Alexandra Sirota-Madi
    • , Julian Avila-Pacheco
    • , Nadine Fornelos
    • , Henry J. Haiser
    • , Stefan Reinker
    • , Tommi Vatanen
    • , A. Brantley Hall
    • , Himel Mallick
    • , Lauren J. McIver
    • , Jenny S. Sauk
    • , Robin G. Wilson
    • , Betsy W. Stevens
    • , Justin M. Scott
    • , Kerry Pierce
    • , Amy A. Deik
    • , Kevin Bullock
    • , Floris Imhann
    • , Jeffrey A. Porter
    • , Alexandra Zhernakova
    • , Jingyuan Fu
    • , Rinse K. Weersma
    • , Cisca Wijmenga
    • , Clary B. Clish
    • , Hera Vlamakis
    • , Curtis Huttenhower
    •  & Ramnik J. Xavier
  • Research |

    Thaumarchaeota isolates are capable of utilizing urea and cyanate for nitrification in vitro. Here, the authors show that this occurs in situ and that Thaumarchaeota are able to use urea and cyanate as an energy and nitrogen source in the marine environment.

    • Katharina Kitzinger
    • , Cory C. Padilla
    • , Hannah K. Marchant
    • , Philipp F. Hach
    • , Craig W. Herbold
    • , Abiel T. Kidane
    • , Martin Könneke
    • , Sten Littmann
    • , Maria Mooshammer
    • , Jutta Niggemann
    • , Sandra Petrov
    • , Andreas Richter
    • , Frank J. Stewart
    • , Michael Wagner
    • , Marcel M. M. Kuypers
    •  & Laura A. Bristow
  • Research |

    A bacterial strain that requires the neurotransmitter GABA for growth was identified and used to isolate GABA-producing bacteria, including Bacteroides spp., from human stool samples; the relative abundance of Bacteroides was negatively correlated with an altered GABA-mediated response in a depression patient cohort.

    • Philip Strandwitz
    • , Ki Hyun Kim
    • , Darya Terekhova
    • , Joanne K. Liu
    • , Anukriti Sharma
    • , Jennifer Levering
    • , Daniel McDonald
    • , David Dietrich
    • , Timothy R. Ramadhar
    • , Asama Lekbua
    • , Nader Mroue
    • , Conor Liston
    • , Eric J. Stewart
    • , Marc J. Dubin
    • , Karsten Zengler
    • , Rob Knight
    • , Jack A. Gilbert
    • , Jon Clardy
    •  & Kim Lewis

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