Metabolomics

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Humans are exposed to millions of chemicals but mass spectrometry (MS)-based targeted biomonitoring assays are usually limited to a few hundred known hazards. Here, the authors develop a workflow for MS-based untargeted exposome profiling of known and unidentified environmental chemicals.

    • Xin Hu
    • , Douglas I. Walker
    •  & Dean P. Jones
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The high dimensional and complex nature of mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) data poses challenges to downstream analyses. Here the authors show an application of artificial intelligence in mining MSI data revealing biologically relevant metabolomic and proteomic information from data acquired on different mass spectrometry platforms.

    • Walid M. Abdelmoula
    • , Begona Gimenez-Cassina Lopez
    •  & Nathalie Y. R. Agar
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Humans are exposed to many xenobiotic chemicals, but identification of low abundance xenobiotic exposures is limited by a lack of authentic standards for xenobiotic metabolites. Here the authors develop methods for enzymatic generation of diverse xenobiotic metabolites for use with high-resolution mass spectrometry for biology-based chemical identification.

    • Ken H. Liu
    • , Choon M. Lee
    •  & Dean P. Jones
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cholesterol metabolism is involved in the progression of aggressive prostate cancer (PCa). Here the authors show that miR-205 downregulation promotes cholesterol synthesis and androgen receptor signalling in PCa through enhancing the expression of the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol synthesis, squalene epoxidase.

    • C. Kalogirou
    • , J. Linxweiler
    •  & A. Schulze
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics is a powerful method for profiling large clinical cohorts but batch variations can obscure biologically meaningful differences. Here, the authors develop a computational workflow that removes unwanted data variation while preserving biologically relevant information.

    • Taiyun Kim
    • , Owen Tang
    •  & Jean Yee Hwa Yang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Analogues of α-ketoglutarate are used in many cellular studies but assumptions are made about cellular uptake. Here, the authors show that esterified analogues rapidly hydrolyse in aqueous medium resulting in an analogue which can be quickly taken up by many cell lines, contrary to prevailing assumptions.

    • Seth J. Parker
    • , Joel Encarnación-Rosado
    •  & Alec C. Kimmelman
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Memory T cells are particularly reliant on fatty acid oxidation as a source of energy. Here the authors show this reliance is controlled by AMPK sensing of glucose deprivation that triggers SENP1-Sirt3 signalling, driving fatty acid oxidation and memory differentiation in T cells via deacetylation of YME1L1 to induce mitochondrial fusion.

    • Jianli He
    • , Xun Shangguan
    •  & Jinke Cheng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A large number of mass spectra from different samples have been collected, and to identify small molecules from these spectra, database searches are needed, which is challenging. Here, the authors report molDiscovery, a mass spectral database search method that uses an algorithm to generate mass spectrometry fragmentations and learns a probabilistic model to match small molecules with their mass spectra.

    • Liu Cao
    • , Mustafa Guler
    •  & Hosein Mohimani
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Metabolic pathways are closely intertwined with longevity. Here the authors perform metabolomic profiling of canonical longevity pathways and show that folate and methionine cycle intermediates are changed in common, and further, genetic manipulation of pathway enzymes and supplementation with metabolites indicates that they causally regulate longevity.

    • Andrea Annibal
    • , Rebecca George Tharyan
    •  & Adam Antebi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Beige and brown fat may influence systemic metabolism through secreted signals. Here the authors identify a panel of metabolites secreted from beige and brown fat cells, which signal to influence fat tissue and skeletal muscle metabolism and have anti-obesity effects in mouse models of obesity and diabetes.

    • Anna Whitehead
    • , Fynn N. Krause
    •  & Lee D. Roberts
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Naïve pluripotency can be stabilized through different pharmacological approaches. Here, the authors profile temporal changes of protein phosphorylation, proteome and metabolome as mESCs transition to the naïve state in response to two pharmacological treatments, revealing general and treatment-specific processes.

    • Ana Martinez-Val
    • , Cian J. Lynch
    •  & Javier Munoz
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Systemic modulation of branched-chain keto acid (BCKA) metabolism alters cardiac health. Here, the authors define the major fates of BCKA in the heart and demonstrate that acute exposure to BCKA levels found in obesity activates cardiac protein synthesis and markedly alters the heart phosphoproteome.

    • Jacquelyn M. Walejko
    • , Bridgette A. Christopher
    •  & Robert W. McGarrah
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Viruses rely on host metabolism for replication. Here, the authors perform transcriptional and metabolomic analyses at 8 hours after SARS-CoV-2 infection and find that the virus alters host folate and one-carbon metabolism at a post-transcriptional level.

    • Yuchen Zhang
    • , Rui Guo
    •  & Benjamin E. Gewurz
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Metabolism changes can modulate immune responses in many contexts, and vice versa. Here the authors associate metabolomic, as well as cytokine and chemokine, data from stratified COVID-19 patients to find that arginine, tryptophan and purine metabolic pathways correlate with hyperproliferation, thus hinting at potential therapeutic targets for severe COVID-19 patients.

    • Nan Xiao
    • , Meng Nie
    •  & Zeping Hu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The authors show that the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus induces a distinct airway immunometabolic response, dominated by release of itaconate. This metabolite, in turn, potentiates extracellular polysaccharide synthesis and biofilm formation in S. aureus, which may facilitate chronic infection.

    • Kira L. Tomlinson
    • , Tania Wong Fok Lung
    •  & Sebastián A. Riquelme
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Myeloid cells are able to utilize a variety of monosaccharides from our diet, including fructose. Here the authors show that when monocytes are reliant on fructose as a carbon energy source they are reprogrammed towards oxidative metabolism, glutamine anaplerosis and a pro-inflammatory phenotype owing to excess pro-inflammatory cytokine production.

    • Nicholas Jones
    • , Julianna Blagih
    •  & Catherine A. Thornton
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Salmonella Typhimurium establishes systemic infection by replicating in host macrophages. Here, Jiang et al. show that infected macrophages exhibit upregulated glycolysis and decreased serine synthesis, leading to accumulation of glycolytic intermediates that promote intracellular replication and virulence of S. Typhimurium.

    • Lingyan Jiang
    • , Peisheng Wang
    •  & Lei Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Despite growing interest in environmental metabolomics, we lack conceptual frameworks for considering how metabolites vary across space and time in ecological systems. Here, the authors apply (species) community assembly concepts to metabolomics data, offering a way forward in understanding the assembly of metabolite assemblages.

    • Robert E. Danczak
    • , Rosalie K. Chu
    •  & James C. Stegen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mannose is present at trace levels in blood and regulates cancer growth. Here the authors show that supraphysiological levels of mannose can also regulate macrophages, limiting their production of IL-1β and increasing resistance of mice to LPS-induced endotoxemia and DSS-induced colitis.

    • Simone Torretta
    • , Alessandra Scagliola
    •  & Simone Cardaci
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Myo-Inositol phosphates (InsPs) and pyrophosphates (PP-InsPs) are important second messengers but their analysis remains challenging. Here, the authors develop a capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry method for the identification and quantitation of InsP and PP-InsP isomers in cells and tissues.

    • Danye Qiu
    • , Miranda S. Wilson
    •  & Henning J. Jessen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The onset and pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with changes to lipid metabolism. Here, the authors analysed 569 lipids from 32 classes and subclasses in two independent patient cohorts to identify key lipid pathways to link the plasma lipidome with AD and the future onset of AD.

    • Kevin Huynh
    • , Wei Ling Florence Lim
    •  & Peter J. Meikle
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The analysis of metabolites offers promises in biomarker discovery. Here the authors demonstrate the metabolomics analysis of sub-nanoliter samples using triboelectric nanogenerator inductive nanoelectrospray ionization, which they apply to exhaled breath condensate from cystic fibrosis patients and mesenchymal stromal cells.

    • Yafeng Li
    • , Marcos Bouza
    •  & Facundo M. Fernández
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The molecular basis for the unique taste and aroma of tea cultivars is largely unknown, but is critical for breeding new cultivars. Here the authors use transcriptomics and metabolomics to study the relationship among phylogenetic groups and specialized metabolites from 136 tea accessions in China.

    • Xiaomin Yu
    • , Jiajing Xiao
    •  & Renyi Liu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    There are several pathways for CO2 fixation in photoautotrophic and chemoautotrophic microorganisms. Here, the authors provide experimental demonstration for the operation of the reductive glycine pathway in a natural microorganism, Desulfovibrio desulfuricans.

    • Irene Sánchez-Andrea
    • , Iame Alves Guedes
    •  & Alfons J. M. Stams
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Although some fungal mitochondria lack the calcium uniporter, many intriguingly encode homologs of the uniporter assembly factor MCUR1. Here, the authors show that in budding yeast, the MCUR1 homologs Put6 and Put7 regulate mitochondrial proline metabolism, a function also conserved in human MCUR1.

    • Mohammad Zulkifli
    • , John K. Neff
    •  & Vishal M. Gohil
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Artemisinin (ART) resistance poses a problem for malaria elimination. Here, the authors perform genome-wide CRISPR screens in Toxoplasma gondii and identify that the putative transporter Tmem14c and mitochondrial heme metabolism, through mitochondrial protease DegP2, affect ART susceptibility.

    • Clare R. Harding
    • , Saima M. Sidik
    •  & Sebastian Lourido
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Yeast exhibit oscillations that share features with circadian rhythms. The authors show that bioenergetic constraints promote oscillatory behaviour: resources are stored until supplies can support translational bursting, this is licensed by ion transport and release from membrane-less compartments.

    • John S. O’ Neill
    • , Nathaniel P. Hoyle
    •  & Helen C. Causton
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The failing heart is characterised by both alterations in mitochondrial metabolism and an elevation of cytosolic sodium. Here, the authors use 23Na NMR and metabolic profiling to show these are related, and that elevation in intracellular Na reprograms cardiac substrate utilisation via effects on mitochondrial Na/Ca exchange.

    • Dunja Aksentijević
    • , Anja Karlstaedt
    •  & Michael J. Shattock
  • Article
    | Open Access

    In the fly Drosophila melanogaster commensal bacteria and dietary essential amino acids control food choice behavior. Here, by using chemically defined diets and metabolomics, the authors show that Acetobacter pomorum (Ap) and Lactobacilli plantarum (Lp) engage in a mutualistic metabolic relationship to overcome detrimental diets, and identify Ap as the bacterium altering the host’s feeding decisions.

    • Sílvia F. Henriques
    • , Darshan B. Dhakan
    •  & Carlos Ribeiro
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The relationship between DNA damage response (DDR) and regulation of the tolerance to glucose restriction is currently unclear. Here the authors reveal that maintaining a physiological level of histones by Rad53-Spt21 is necessary for glucose tolerance via multiple parallel pathways, including derepression of subtelomeric genes and acetyl-coA regulation by histone acetylation.

    • Christopher Bruhn
    • , Arta Ajazi
    •  & Marco Foiani
  • Article
    | Open Access

    As macrophages switch to a proinflammatory gylcolytic state they start to generate triglyceride-rich lipid droplets, but what function these droplets have in this context is not clear. Here the authors show that this triglyceride synthesis is requisite for prostaglandin E2 production and subsequent inflammatory activation.

    • Angela Castoldi
    • , Lauar B. Monteiro
    •  & Edward J. Pearce
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) mediates multidrug resistance, but its natural function remains unclear. Here, Shafik et al. show that PfCRT transports host-derived peptides of 4-11 residues but not other ions or metabolites, and that drug-resistance-conferring PfCRT mutants have reduced peptide transport.

    • Sarah H. Shafik
    • , Simon A. Cobbold
    •  & Rowena E. Martin
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Existing fluorescent protein-based sensor measurements are limited to 4 or fewer simultaneously recorded modalities due to spectral overlap. Here the authors introduce Multiplexed Optical Sensors in Arrayed Islands of Cells (MOSAIC), which enables parallel recording of tens of physiological parameters using dense arrays of cell islands, each expressing a different fluorescent sensor.

    • Christopher A. Werley
    • , Stefano Boccardo
    •  & Adam E. Cohen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Zika virus (ZIKV) remodels intracellular membranes for replication, but the role of different lipid types for infection and disease is unclear. Here, the authors perform lipidomics, show perturbation of the lipid network during ZIKV infection and show that ceramides are important for ZIKV infection.

    • Hans C. Leier
    • , Jules B. Weinstein
    •  & Fikadu G. Tafesse
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cellular metabolism is altered in many cancer types and the advent of metabolomics has allowed us to understand more about how this is dysregulated. Here, the authors report a method named CARVE to analyse the arterial supply and venous drainage of glioma patients during surgery and identify the metabolites that may be consumed and produced by the cancer.

    • Nanxiang Xiong
    • , Xiaofei Gao
    •  & Woo-ping Ge
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Calorimetrically measuring the heat of single cells is currently not possible due to the sensitivity of existing calorimeters. Here the authors present on-chip single cell calorimetry, with a sensitivity over ten-fold greater than the current gold-standard.

    • Sahngki Hong
    • , Edward Dechaumphai
    •  & Renkun Chen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Age-associated metabolic changes include lipid accumulation. Here, the authors show that with replicative aging yeast accumulate lipid droplets which protect cells from cold stress and can be modulated through Biosynthesis of NAD+ 2 (BNA2).

    • Anthony O. Beas
    • , Patricia B. Gordon
    •  & Daniel E. Gottschling
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Study of human heart failure is limited by access to human tissue. Here, the authors apply multi-omic screening in human ischaemic and dilated myocardial tissue and matched controls to determine molecular changes common and unique to each aetiology and to reveal differences between male and female hearts.

    • Mengbo Li
    • , Benjamin L. Parker
    •  & John F. O’Sullivan