Materials science

Definition

Materials science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the understanding and application of the properties of matter. Materials scientists study the connections between the underlying structure of a material, its properties, its processing methods and its performance in applications.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Disordered nanoscale striations on petals, tepals and bracts have evolved multiple times among flowering plants and provide a salient visual signal to foraging bumblebees (Bombus terrestris).

    • Edwige Moyroud
    • , Tobias Wenzel
    • , Rox Middleton
    • , Paula J. Rudall
    • , Hannah Banks
    • , Alison Reed
    • , Greg Mellers
    • , Patrick Killoran
    • , M. Murphy Westwood
    • , Ullrich Steiner
    • , Silvia Vignolini
    •  & Beverley J. Glover
  • Research |

    Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy is used to resolve the structure of the phycobilisome, a 16.8-megadalton light-harvesting megacomplex, from the red alga Griffithsia pacifica at a resolution of 3.5 Å.

    • Jun Zhang
    • , Jianfei Ma
    • , Desheng Liu
    • , Song Qin
    • , Shan Sun
    • , Jindong Zhao
    •  & Sen-Fang Sui
  • Research | | open

    Shape memory materials are capable of returning to their original form post-deformation, but those with high actuation performances remain scarce. Here the authors reveal that CaFe2As2 exhibits cryogenic linear shape memory behaviour with high recoverable strain and yield strength, owing to a reversible uni-axial phase transformation.

    • John T. Sypek
    • , Hang Yu
    • , Keith J. Dusoe
    • , Gil Drachuck
    • , Hetal Patel
    • , Amanda M. Giroux
    • , Alan I. Goldman
    • , Andreas Kreyssig
    • , Paul C. Canfield
    • , Sergey L. Bud’ko
    • , Christopher R. Weinberger
    •  & Seok-Woo Lee
  • Research | | open

    Controlled fabrication of few-atoms supported catalysts is a major challenge in the synthesis of nanomaterials. Here, the authors show a bottom-up approach to precisely synthesize platinum dimers supported on graphene, which display higher catalytic activity and stability than single atoms and nanoparticles.

    • Huan Yan
    • , Yue Lin
    • , Hong Wu
    • , Wenhua Zhang
    • , Zhihu Sun
    • , Hao Cheng
    • , Wei Liu
    • , Chunlei Wang
    • , Junjie Li
    • , Xiaohui Huang
    • , Tao Yao
    • , Jinlong Yang
    • , Shiqiang Wei
    •  & Junling Lu

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