Hydrogen fuel articles from across Nature Portfolio

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    The way catalysts are arranged and interfaced to form fuel cell electrodes is just as important as the catalysts themselves. Here Lee et al. report an up to 50% increase in performance and superior durability using grooved, rather than conventional flat, electrodes for hydrogen fuel cells.

    • ChungHyuk Lee
    • , Wilton J. M. Kort-Kamp
    •  & Jacob S. Spendelow
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Hydrogen–metal surface interactions play an important role in energy technologies and metal corrosion, but a thorough understanding of these interactions at the nanoscale remains elusive due to detection limits and the volatility of pure hydrogen. Here, the authors use transmission electron microscopy to show that hydrogen adsorbs directly at the (0001) surfaces of hexagonal helium bubbles within neutron irradiated beryllium.

    • Nikolai Zimber
    • , Judith Lammer
    •  & Michael Klimenkov
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Vast majority of photocatalysts for hydrogen production relies on additional sacrificial agents and noble metal cocatalysts. It is of great importance yet challenging to achieve photocatalytic overall water splitting with decent performance. Here, the authors report Ni2P based photocatalyst assisted by H2O2-craking reaction for overall water splitting with H2 and O2 production of 1507 μmol h−1 g−1 H2 and 702 μmol h−1 g−1.

    • Xiaoqing Yan
    • , Mengyang Xia
    •  & Guidong Yang
  • Research
    | Open Access

    One major technological obstacle for membrane-based alkaline water electrolyzer is the inefficient hydrogen evolution reaction. Here, the authors report a platinum/fullerene heterostructure catalyst, which shows enhanced activity for hydrogen production due to the diverse interface between platinum and fullerene.

    • Jiayi Chen
    • , Mohammed Aliasgar
    •  & Lei Wang
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Syngas is an industrially highly relevant gaseous mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, but its production is energy-intense and relies on natural gas precursors and noble-metal catalysts. Here, the authors explore metal-organic chalcogenolate assemblies (MOCHAs) for tuneable syngas production via electrocatalytic CO2 reduction.

    • Hannah Rabl
    • , Stephen Nagaraju Myakala
    •  & Dominik Eder
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Integrating green hydrogen production with the generation of valuable chemicals has the potential to increase the competitiveness of the system. Here, the authors quantitatively evaluate the energetic benefit of coupling hydrogen production with the hydrogenation of feedstocks in a photoelectrochemical device.

    • Xinyi Zhang
    • , Michael Schwarze
    •  & Fatwa F. Abdi

News and Comment

  • News & Views |

    Achieving high ionic conductivity at close to room temperature in solid oxide electrolytes is challenging due to the large thermal activation needed for ion transport. Now, a hydrogen-intercalated brownmillerite oxide, SrCoO2.5, has been shown to function as a high-performance proton conducting electrolyte for fuel cells below 200°C.

    • Ravindra Singh Bisht
    •  & Shriram Ramanathan
    Nature Energy 7, 1124-1125
  • Comments & Opinion |

    Ammonia has been proposed as a shipping fuel, yet potential adverse side-effects are poorly understood. We argue that if nitrogen releases from ammonia are not tightly controlled, the scale of the demands of maritime transport are such that the global nitrogen cycle could be substantially altered.

    • Paul Wolfram
    • , Page Kyle
    •  & Steven Smith
    Nature Energy 7, 1112-1114
  • News & Views |

    Polymer electrolyte water electrolysis is a promising technology for clean hydrogen production, but high-performance catalysts that can withstand the harsh anodic conditions are lacking. Now, mass-selected iridium-tantalum oxides are shown to have high catalytic activity and stability towards the oxygen evolution reaction under such conditions.

    • Marko Malinovic
    •  & Marc Ledendecker
    Nature Energy 7, 7-8
  • News & Views |

    Microwave heating has become a useful tool in catalysis to obtain chemical products under unconventional reaction conditions. Now, researchers have demonstrated low-temperature water splitting to produce hydrogen using microwave catalysis and revealed the important role of reduced oxides in the process.

    • Daniel R. Slocombe
    Nature Energy 5, 830-831