Geomagnetism

  • Article
    | Open Access

    This study describes how the geomagnetic axial dipole dominance of Earth’s magnetic field remained stable through large parts of the geological time. Since other characteristics of the geomagnetic field have changed substantially on the same timescales, this new observation provides a challenge for future core modeling studies.

    • Andrew J. Biggin
    • , Richard K. Bono
    •  & Pavel V. Doubrovine
  • Article
    | Open Access

    With the discovery of large rocky exoplanets called Super-Earths, questions have arisen regarding the properties of their interiors and their ability to produce a magnetic field. Here, the authors show that under high pressure, molten silicates are semi-metallic and that magma oceans would host a dynamo process.

    • François Soubiran
    •  & Burkhard Militzer
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Peridotite carbonation plays an important role in the carbon cycle. Here, the authors present a geophysical characterization of serpentinite carbonation from km to mm scale and confirm that the abundance of magnetic minerals provides a strong correlation with the overall carbonation reaction process.

    • Masako Tominaga
    • , Andreas Beinlich
    •  & Yumiko Harigane
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The volcanism of subduction settings concentrates in island-arcs and back-arc basins. Here, the authors show that the lithospheric tear faults bounding roll-backing slabs may focus huge volcanism with a volume of the erupted products exceeding that of the island-arcs edifices and back-arcs spreading centres.

    • Luca Cocchi
    • , Salvatore Passaro
    •  & Guido Ventura
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Rapid and spatially localized geomagnetic field variations around 1000 BC are hard to reconcile with expected field behaviour arising from the core dynamo. Here, the authors show that the intensity spike is consistent with an intense flux patch on the core-mantle boundary (8–22°) located under Saudi Arabia.

    • Christopher Davies
    •  & Catherine Constable
  • Article |

    Obtaining reliable estimates of the absolute palaeointensity of the Earth’s magnetic field is difficult and many methods induce alteration. de Groot et al.present a means to see and explain changes in magnetization in unreliable samples, explaining why some samples systematically fail paleointensity experiments.

    • Lennart V. de Groot
    • , Karl Fabian
    •  & Mark J. Dekkers
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The earth’s electromagnetic field has a modest effect on the behaviour of Drosophila melanogaster. Here, Fedele et al. use an assessment of climbing behaviour to describe how the blue-light circadian photoreceptor cryptochrome mediates a negative movement response to gravity in flies.

    • Giorgio Fedele
    • , Edward W. Green
    •  & Charalambos P. Kyriacou