Genome evolution

Genome evolution is the process by which a genome changes in structure over time, through mutation, horizontal gene transfer, and sexual reproduction. The study of genome evolution involves multiple fields including structural analysis of the genome, genomic parasites, gene and ancient genome duplications, polyploidy, and comparative genomics.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Magnoliid genomes provide novel insight into early angiosperm evolution, showing how whole-genome duplication and proliferation of transposable elements have shaped these genomes. Now, two papers giving differing views of early angiosperm phylogeny, raise questions about the relationships among eudicots, monocots and magnoliids.

    • Douglas E. Soltis
    •  & Pamela S. Soltis
    Nature Plants 5, 6-7
  • News and Views |

    Genomic gigantism in amphibians originated through a single extraordinary jump overlying otherwise gradual change; genome size variation is related to both the external environment and life history in frogs, but may not be in salamanders.

    • Rachel Lockridge Mueller
    •  & Elizabeth L. Jockusch
  • Research Highlights |

    A study in Nature characterizes the genome of Denisova 11 and reveals her to be a first-generation offspring of Neanderthal and Denisovan parents, thereby providing direct evidence of genetic mixing between genetically distinct groups of archaic hominins.

    • Dorothy Clyde
  • News and Views |

    The reference genomes of two fern species shed light on fern genome evolution and fern-cyanobacterial symbiosis, paving the way for understanding the unique and interesting biology of ferns.

    • Jo Ann Banks
    Nature Plants 4, 404-405