Genetics

Genetics is the branch of science concerned with genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. It seeks to understand the process of trait inheritance from parents to offspring, including the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behaviour in the context of a cell or organism (e.g. dominance and epigenetics), gene distribution, and variation and change in populations.

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  • News & Views |

    The largest GWAS for kidney function so far provided the starting point for integrated multi-stage annotation of genetic loci. Whole kidney and single-cell epigenomic information is crucial for translating GWAS information to the identification of causal genes and pathogenetic (and potentially targetable) cellular and molecular mechanisms of kidney disease.

  • News & Views |

    The use of association studies to identify candidate genes for complex biological traits in plants has been challenging due to a reliance on single reference genomes, leading to missing heritability. Graphical pangenomes and the identification of causal variants help overcome this and provide an important advance for crop breeding.

    • David Edwards
    •  & Jacqueline Batley