Experimental nuclear physics

Experimental nuclear physics is the practical investigation of the processes that occur at the heart of an atom. This includes building a better fundamental understanding of fusion and fission, and harnessing them for sustained energy generation. Other areas of study are the creation of superheavy elements, and the application of radioactive substances in medicine.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Revealing how to effectively produce nuclei remains one of the main motivations of recent nuclear reaction and nuclear transmutation studies of radioactive waste. The authors show the enhancement of proton rich isotope production using incomplete fusion mechanism on weakly bound nuclei using the incomplete fusion mechanism by the inverse kinematics technique, in which a radioactive beam of Palladium bombards a proton/deuteron target.

    • H. Wang
    • , H. Otsu
    • , N. Chiga
    • , S. Kawase
    • , S. Takeuchi
    • , T. Sumikama
    • , S. Koyama
    • , H. Sakurai
    • , Y. Watanabe
    • , S. Nakayama
    • , D. S. Ahn
    • , H. Baba
    • , S. D. Chen
    • , K. Chikaato
    • , M. L. Cortés
    • , N. Fukuda
    • , A. Hirayama
    • , R. Hosoda
    • , T. Isobe
    • , S. Kawakami
    • , Y. Kondo
    • , S. Kubono
    • , Y. Maeda
    • , S. Masuoka
    • , S. Michimasa
    • , I. Murray
    • , R. Nakajima
    • , T. Nakamura
    • , K. Nakano
    • , M. Nishimura
    • , T. Ozaki
    • , A. Saito
    • , T. Saito
    • , H. Sato
    • , Y. Shimizu
    • , S. Shimoura
    • , P. -A. Söderström
    • , Y. Soudo
    • , X. H. Sun
    • , J. Suwa
    • , D. Suzuki
    • , H. Suzuki
    • , H. Takeda
    • , M. Takechi
    • , Y. Togano
    • , T. Tomai
    • , H. Yamada
    • , M. Yasuda
    •  & K. Yoshida
  • Research | | open

    Octupole deformation in nuclei is important to understand nuclear structure and electric dipole moments of heavy atoms. Here the authors measure energies of excited quantum states in radon isotopes and find that these isotopes do not provide favourable conditions in the search for CP-violation.

    • P. A. Butler
    • , L. P. Gaffney
    • , P. Spagnoletti
    • , J. Konki
    • , M. Scheck
    • , J. F. Smith
    • , K. Abrahams
    • , M. Bowry
    • , J. Cederkäll
    • , T. Chupp
    • , G. de Angelis
    • , H. De Witte
    • , P. E. Garrett
    • , A. Goldkuhle
    • , C. Henrich
    • , A. Illana
    • , K. Johnston
    • , D. T. Joss
    • , J. M. Keatings
    • , N. A. Kelly
    • , M. Komorowska
    • , T. Kröll
    • , M. Lozano
    • , B. S. Nara Singh
    • , D. O’Donnell
    • , J. Ojala
    • , R. D. Page
    • , L. G. Pedersen
    • , C. Raison
    • , P. Reiter
    • , J. A. Rodriguez
    • , D. Rosiak
    • , S. Rothe
    • , T. M. Shneidman
    • , B. Siebeck
    • , M. Seidlitz
    • , J. Sinclair
    • , M. Stryjczyk
    • , P. Van Duppen
    • , S. Vinals
    • , V. Virtanen
    • , N. Warr
    • , K. Wrzosek-Lipska
    •  & M. Zielinska
  • Reviews |

    Three years of investigation by a multi-disciplinary team into claims of ‘cold fusion’ found no evidence that the phenomenon exists, but identified a parameter space potentially worthy of further exploration.

    • Curtis P. Berlinguette
    • , Yet-Ming Chiang
    • , Jeremy N. Munday
    • , Thomas Schenkel
    • , David K. Fork
    • , Ross Koningstein
    •  & Matthew D. Trevithick
    Nature 570, 45-51
  • Research | | open

    Symmetry breaking is an important process in fundamental understanding of matter and dark matter. Here the authors discuss an experimental bound on an exotic parity odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction between electron and nucleon by using a sensitive spin-exchange relaxation-free atomic magnetometer.

    • Young Jin Kim
    • , Ping-Han Chu
    • , Igor Savukov
    •  & Shaun Newman
  • Research |

    A spectroscopic study of 78Ni confirms its doubly magic nature and reveals it as a stronghold beyond which the magic numbers 28 and 50 break down because of competing deformation.

    • R. Taniuchi
    • , C. Santamaria
    • , P. Doornenbal
    • , A. Obertelli
    • , K. Yoneda
    • , G. Authelet
    • , H. Baba
    • , D. Calvet
    • , F. Château
    • , A. Corsi
    • , A. Delbart
    • , J.-M. Gheller
    • , A. Gillibert
    • , J. D. Holt
    • , T. Isobe
    • , V. Lapoux
    • , M. Matsushita
    • , J. Menéndez
    • , S. Momiyama
    • , T. Motobayashi
    • , M. Niikura
    • , F. Nowacki
    • , K. Ogata
    • , H. Otsu
    • , T. Otsuka
    • , C. Péron
    • , S. Péru
    • , A. Peyaud
    • , E. C. Pollacco
    • , A. Poves
    • , J.-Y. Roussé
    • , H. Sakurai
    • , A. Schwenk
    • , Y. Shiga
    • , J. Simonis
    • , S. R. Stroberg
    • , S. Takeuchi
    • , Y. Tsunoda
    • , T. Uesaka
    • , H. Wang
    • , F. Browne
    • , L. X. Chung
    • , Z. Dombradi
    • , S. Franchoo
    • , F. Giacoppo
    • , A. Gottardo
    • , K. Hadyńska-Klęk
    • , Z. Korkulu
    • , S. Koyama
    • , Y. Kubota
    • , J. Lee
    • , M. Lettmann
    • , C. Louchart
    • , R. Lozeva
    • , K. Matsui
    • , T. Miyazaki
    • , S. Nishimura
    • , L. Olivier
    • , S. Ota
    • , Z. Patel
    • , E. Şahin
    • , C. Shand
    • , P.-A. Söderström
    • , I. Stefan
    • , D. Steppenbeck
    • , T. Sumikama
    • , D. Suzuki
    • , Z. Vajta
    • , V. Werner
    • , J. Wu
    •  & Z. Y. Xu
    Nature 569, 53-58

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Zirconium alloys are widely used as cladding material in nuclear reactors due to their neutron transparency. Now, it is shown that 88Zr has a surprisingly high neutron capture cross-section exceeding that of other zirconium isotopes by six orders of magnitude.

    • Stephan Heinitz
    •  & Ulli Köster
    Nature Physics 15, 208-209
  • News and Views |

    Mercury isotopes are unique in exhibiting dramatic differences in their nuclear shapes. The analysis of over more than twenty Hg isotopes now shows that this follows from the influence of single-particle effects on the collective properties of a nucleus.

    • Paul Cottle
    •  & Kirby Kemper
    Nature Physics 14, 1158-1159