Environmental social sciences

  • Article | | open

    It is not clear how the public views the acceptability of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Here the authors explored public perceptions of BECCS by situating the technology in three policy scenarios and found that the policy instrument used to incentivise BECCS significantly affects the degree of public support for the technology.

    • Rob Bellamy
    • , Javier Lezaun
    •  & James Palmer
  • Article | | open

    Meltwater ponding on top of ice shelves is thought to play a role in ice-shelf flexure and fracture, however in-situ evidence of these mechanisms is lacking. Here, the authors provide field-based evidence showing the impact of the filling and draining of four surface lakes on ice-shelf flexure in Antarctica.

    • Alison F. Banwell
    • , Ian C. Willis
    • , Grant J. Macdonald
    • , Becky Goodsell
    •  & Douglas R. MacAyeal
  • Article | | open

    It is challenging to communicate abstract future climate estimates. Here the authors utilized climate-analog mapping and they identified that North American urban areas’ climate by the 2080’s will become similar to the contemporary climate of locations hundreds of kilometers away and mainly to the south, while many urban areas will have no modern equivalent analogs under the RCP8.5 scenario.

    • Matthew C. Fitzpatrick
    •  & Robert R. Dunn
  • Article | | open

    Processes for efficient production of primary, secondary or ternary aminated compounds are constant challenges for chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Here, the authors develop selective and sustainable amination chemistry widely applicable to chemical substrates via formic acid.

    • Hu Li
    • , Haixin Guo
    • , Yaqiong Su
    • , Yuya Hiraga
    • , Zhen Fang
    • , Emiel J. M. Hensen
    • , Masaru Watanabe
    •  & Richard Lee Smith Jr.
  • Article | | open

    Country difference in macroeconomic cycles-mortality changes relationships has been rarely explored. Here the authors studied the relationship between 2008 recession and daily mortality counts for EU countries and revealed a significant relationship between macroeconomic cycles and mortality trends.

    • Joan Ballester
    • , Jean-Marie Robine
    • , François R. Herrmann
    •  & Xavier Rodó
  • Article | | open

    Size-resolved Black Carbon (BC) particle number emission inventory is not available for global civil aviation. Here the authors converted BC mass emission inventory into number emission inventory and found that aviation BC number emission contributes to 1.3% of total ground anthropogenic emissions and 3.6% on global average.

    • Xiaole Zhang
    • , Xi Chen
    •  & Jing Wang
  • Article | | open

    Chinese government has implemented regulations to reduce mining-related methane emission since 2010. Here the authors estimated methane emissions in China using GOSAT satellite observation and results reveal a business-as-usual increase in methane emissions since 2010 despite those ambitious targets.

    • Scot M. Miller
    • , Anna M. Michalak
    • , Robert G. Detmers
    • , Otto P. Hasekamp
    • , Lori M. P. Bruhwiler
    •  & Stefan Schwietzke
  • Article | | open

    Forecasting drought and its impact on agriculture and ecosystems is challenged by a lack of knowledge of vegetation access to deep moisture. Here the authors show that combining vegetation and water storage remote sensing can be used to infer this knowledge, allowing drought impact forecasts months in advance.

    • Siyuan Tian
    • , Albert I. J. M. Van Dijk
    • , Paul Tregoning
    •  & Luigi J. Renzullo
  • Article | | open

    The mid-Pleistocene transition is recognized as a shift in paleoclimatic periodicity from 41- to 100-kyr cycles. Here the authors present a unique mid-Pleistocene transition of coupled monsoon-vegetation changes from 23- to 100-kyr cycles, which indicates varied sensitivity of past climate to astronomical and ice/CO2 forcing.

    • Youbin Sun
    • , Qiuzhen Yin
    • , Michel Crucifix
    • , Steven C. Clemens
    • , Pablo Araya-Melo
    • , Weiguo Liu
    • , Xiaoke Qiang
    • , Qingsong Liu
    • , Hui Zhao
    • , Lianji Liang
    • , Hongyun Chen
    • , Ying Li
    • , Li Zhang
    • , Guocheng Dong
    • , Ming Li
    • , Weijian Zhou
    • , Andre Berger
    •  & Zhisheng An
  • Article | | open

    Hydropower generation in the Nile River Basin is vulnerable to climatic changes. Here, the authors assess infrastructure resilience of the Eastern African power pool (EAPP) to the effects of a changing climate and suggest that failing to climate-proof infrastructure investments can result in significant electricity price fluctuations.

    • Vignesh Sridharan
    • , Oliver Broad
    • , Abhishek Shivakumar
    • , Mark Howells
    • , Brent Boehlert
    • , David G. Groves
    • , H-Holger Rogner
    • , Constantinos Taliotis
    • , James E. Neumann
    • , Kenneth M. Strzepek
    • , Robert Lempert
    • , Brian Joyce
    • , Annette Huber-Lee
    •  & Raffaello Cervigni
  • Article | | open

    Climate change strongly impacts regions in high latitudes and altitudes that store high amounts of carbon in yet frozen ground. Here the authors show that the consequence of these changes is global warming of permafrost at depths greater than 10 m in the Northern Hemisphere, in mountains, and in Antarctica.

    • Boris K. Biskaborn
    • , Sharon L. Smith
    • , Jeannette Noetzli
    • , Heidrun Matthes
    • , Gonçalo Vieira
    • , Dmitry A. Streletskiy
    • , Philippe Schoeneich
    • , Vladimir E. Romanovsky
    • , Antoni G. Lewkowicz
    • , Andrey Abramov
    • , Michel Allard
    • , Julia Boike
    • , William L. Cable
    • , Hanne H. Christiansen
    • , Reynald Delaloye
    • , Bernhard Diekmann
    • , Dmitry Drozdov
    • , Bernd Etzelmüller
    • , Guido Grosse
    • , Mauro Guglielmin
    • , Thomas Ingeman-Nielsen
    • , Ketil Isaksen
    • , Mamoru Ishikawa
    • , Margareta Johansson
    • , Halldor Johannsson
    • , Anseok Joo
    • , Dmitry Kaverin
    • , Alexander Kholodov
    • , Pavel Konstantinov
    • , Tim Kröger
    • , Christophe Lambiel
    • , Jean-Pierre Lanckman
    • , Dongliang Luo
    • , Galina Malkova
    • , Ian Meiklejohn
    • , Natalia Moskalenko
    • , Marc Oliva
    • , Marcia Phillips
    • , Miguel Ramos
    • , A. Britta K. Sannel
    • , Dmitrii Sergeev
    • , Cathy Seybold
    • , Pavel Skryabin
    • , Alexander Vasiliev
    • , Qingbai Wu
    • , Kenji Yoshikawa
    • , Mikhail Zheleznyak
    •  & Hugues Lantuit
  • Article | | open

    Increased extreme wet and dry years and forest growth loss from drought legacy effect lead to a question whether wetness events can conversely compensate for this loss. Here the authors report substantial growth enhancement after extreme wetness compensating for drought-induced growth loss globally.

    • Peng Jiang
    • , Hongyan Liu
    • , Shilong Piao
    • , Philippe Ciais
    • , Xiuchen Wu
    • , Yi Yin
    •  & Hongya Wang
  • Article | | open

    Climate extremes, exposure and vulnerability all contribute to global difference in heatwave risk. Here the authors investigated the inequality in global heatwave risk under both 1.5 and 2 °C scenarios and found that heatwave risk for the poor under 1.5 °C scenario exceeds that risk for the rich under 2 °C scenario.

    • Simone Russo
    • , Jana Sillmann
    • , Sebastian Sippel
    • , Monika J. Barcikowska
    • , Claudia Ghisetti
    • , Marek Smid
    •  & Brian O’Neill
  • Article | | open

    Traditional studies of subjective well-being explain national differences using social and economic proxy variables. Here the authors build on this approach to estimate how global human well-being might evolve over the next three decades, and find that changes in social factors could play a much larger role than changes in economic outcomes.

    • Christopher Barrington-Leigh
    •  & Eric Galbraith
  • Article | | open

    Deforestation for palm oil production is often attributed to large-scale, agro-industrial expansion. Here, Ordway et al. show that much recent expansion in Southwest Cameroon can be attributed to an informal sector of non-industrial producers establishing near informal, non-industrial palm oil mills.

    • Elsa M. Ordway
    • , Rosamond L. Naylor
    • , Raymond N. Nkongho
    •  & Eric F. Lambin
  • Article | | open

    Cross-coupling reactions have been achieved in solution, yet tend to be inefficient in a solid state. Here, the authors report a solid-state palladium-catalyzed Buchwald-Hartwig cross-coupling using olefins as molecular dispersants, enabling reduction of solvent waste.

    • Koji Kubota
    • , Tamae Seo
    • , Katsumasa Koide
    • , Yasuchika Hasegawa
    •  & Hajime Ito
  • Article | | open

    Increased abundance of antibiotic resistance genes in the environment may be due to selection pressure by residual antibiotics, or to contamination with resistant bacteria from human faeces. Here, Karkman et al. analyze metagenomic data and find evidence supporting the second scenario in most cases.

    • Antti Karkman
    • , Katariina Pärnänen
    •  & D. G. Joakim Larsson
  • Article | | open

    Climate change will affect both the demand for electrical power and the generating capabilities of hydropower plants. Here the authors investigated the combined impact of these effects in the US Pacific Northwest by considering the dynamics of the regional  power grid, where they reveal a profound impact of climate change on power shortfall risk by the year 2035.

    • S. W. D. Turner
    • , N. Voisin
    • , J. Fazio
    • , D. Hua
    •  & M. Jourabchi
  • Article | | open

    Better understanding of the determinants of residential water demand is important for Tropical Asian countries. Here the author studied how Singapore household electricity use from appliances modify weather-induced water demand and found that residential water and electricity demand respond differently to heat across different income groups.

    • Alberto Salvo
  • Article | | open

    The impacts of climate change on summer carbon cycling in the northern hemisphere remain poorly resolved. Here the authors use atmospheric CO2 records from Point Barrow (Alaska) to show that summer CO2 drawdown is significantly negatively correlated with terrestrial temperature north of 50°N between 1979–2012.

    • Tao Wang
    • , Dan Liu
    • , Shilong Piao
    • , Yilong Wang
    • , Xiaoyi Wang
    • , Hui Guo
    • , Xu Lian
    • , John F Burkhart
    • , Philippe Ciais
    • , Mengtian Huang
    • , Ivan Janssens
    • , Yue Li
    • , Yongwen Liu
    • , Josep Peñuelas
    • , Shushi Peng
    • , Hui Yang
    • , Yitong Yao
    • , Yi Yin
    •  & Yutong Zhao
  • Article | | open

    Credibility of long-term projection in quantitative models is continuously under debate and they rely on validation to prove projection accuracy. Here the authors investigated the views on the validation approaches and they show that empirical data plays an important role in the validation practice in all main areas of sustainability science.

    • Sibel Eker
    • , Elena Rovenskaya
    • , Michael Obersteiner
    •  & Simon Langan
  • Article | | open

    Sampling strategies may bias tree-ring datasets to not accurately represent the regional response to climate change. Here, Klesse et al. use a new representative dataset to show that the International Tree-Ring Data Bank in the U.S. Southwest overestimates climate sensitivity of forests by 41–59%

    • Stefan Klesse
    • , R. Justin DeRose
    • , Christopher H. Guiterman
    • , Ann M. Lynch
    • , Christopher D. O’Connor
    • , John D. Shaw
    •  & Margaret E. K. Evans
  • Article | | open

    Permafrost thaw poses a serious threat to the sustainable development of Arctic communities. Here the authors show that most fundamental Arctic infrastructure and population will be at high hazard risk, even if the Paris Agreement target is achieved.

    • Jan Hjort
    • , Olli Karjalainen
    • , Juha Aalto
    • , Sebastian Westermann
    • , Vladimir E. Romanovsky
    • , Frederick E. Nelson
    • , Bernd Etzelmüller
    •  & Miska Luoto
  • Article | | open

    Northern tree populations may not benefit under climate change, with implications for assisted migration and range expansion. Here, Isaac-Renton et al. show that leading-edge lodgepole pine populations have fewer characteristics of drought-tolerance, so may not adapt to tolerate drier conditions.

    • Miriam Isaac-Renton
    • , David Montwé
    • , Andreas Hamann
    • , Heinrich Spiecker
    • , Paolo Cherubini
    •  & Kerstin Treydte
  • Article | | open

    Local air quality co-benefits can provide convincing support for climate action. Here the authors revisited air quality co-benefits of climate action in the context of NDCs and found that 71–99 thousand premature deaths can be avoided each year by 2030, offsetting the climate mitigation costs on a global level.

    • Toon Vandyck
    • , Kimon Keramidas
    • , Alban Kitous
    • , Joseph V. Spadaro
    • , Rita Van Dingenen
    • , Mike Holland
    •  & Bert Saveyn
  • Article | | open

    Water based inks used for water-jet rewritable paper (WJRP) are an environmental friendly alternative to conventional printing, but black colour in WJRP could not be realized so far. Here the authors demonstrate black as well as other colour WJRP based on binary systems containing less-sensitive acidochromic dyes and mild proton donors.

    • Guan Xi
    • , Lan Sheng
    • , Jiahui Du
    • , Jinyan Zhang
    • , Minjie Li
    • , Hongze Wang
    • , Yufei Ma
    •  & Sean Xiao-An Zhang
  • Article | | open

    The Paris Agreement includes bottom-up pledges and top-down warming threshold. Under this setting where countries effectively choose their own fairness principle, this article assesses the global warming implied by each Nationally Determined Contribution to inform the future ratcheting-up process.

    • Yann Robiou du Pont
    •  & Malte Meinshausen
  • Article | | open

    Synthesis of biaryls by coupling strategies is unavoidably accompanied by stoichiometric metal waste. Here, the authors report the homo- and cross-electrophile coupling by using hydrazine as metal surrogate, only liberating N2 and H2 as side products.

    • Leiyang Lv
    • , Zihang Qiu
    • , Jianbin Li
    • , Mingxin Liu
    •  & Chao-Jun Li
  • Article | | open

    There have been growing concerns about the exploitation of workers in the fisheries sectors. Here, Tickler et al. use a country-level metric of slavery to determine the risk of fisheries-level slavery across 20 countries, and find it rises as unreported catch increases and mean value of catch decreases.

    • David Tickler
    • , Jessica J. Meeuwig
    • , Katharine Bryant
    • , Fiona David
    • , John A. H. Forrest
    • , Elise Gordon
    • , Jacqueline Joudo Larsen
    • , Beverly Oh
    • , Daniel Pauly
    • , Ussif R. Sumaila
    •  & Dirk Zeller
  • Article | | open

    Catalytic reduction of CO2 and biomass derivatives is of great current interest from a sustainable chemistry perspective. Here, the authors report a manganese pincer complex able to reduce under mild conditions carboxylic acids, carbonates and even carbon dioxide using pinacolborane as reducing agent.

    • Christina Erken
    • , Akash Kaithal
    • , Suman Sen
    • , Thomas Weyhermüller
    • , Markus Hölscher
    • , Christophe Werlé
    •  & Walter Leitner
  • Article | | open

    Carbon budget is diminishing to comply with the target under 2 °C scenario. Facing the limited capacity to improve energy efficiency, the authors show that steelmaking with inherent decarbonisation process can potentially help achieve 2050 emission reduction targets under 2 °C scenario before 2030.

    • Sicong Tian
    • , Jianguo Jiang
    • , Zuotai Zhang
    •  & Vasilije Manovic
  • Article | | open

    Investment in watershed services programs is growing, however the factors that contribute to sustainability of such programs are unclear. Here the authors use a large database of cities around the world to show that payment schemes are more likely to be present in watersheds with more agricultural land and less protected areas.

    • Chelsie L. Romulo
    • , Stephen Posner
    • , Stella Cousins
    • , Jenn Hoyle Fair
    • , Drew E. Bennett
    • , Heidi Huber-Stearns
    • , Ryan C. Richards
    •  & Robert I. McDonald
  • Article | | open

    UNESCO World Heritage located in low-lying coastal areas is increasingly at risk from flooding and erosion due to sea-level rise. This study shows that up to 82% of cultural World Heritage sites located in the Mediterranean will be at risk from coastal flooding and over 93% from coastal erosion by 2100 under high-end sea-level rise.

    • Lena Reimann
    • , Athanasios T. Vafeidis
    • , Sally Brown
    • , Jochen Hinkel
    •  & Richard S. J. Tol
  • Article | | open

    Drivers of crop yield variability require quantification, and historical records can help in improving understanding. Here, Webber et al. report that drought stress will remain a key driver of yield losses in wheat and maize across Europe, and benefits from CO2 will be limited in low-yielding years.

    • Heidi Webber
    • , Frank Ewert
    • , Jørgen E. Olesen
    • , Christoph Müller
    • , Stefan Fronzek
    • , Alex C. Ruane
    • , Maryse Bourgault
    • , Pierre Martre
    • , Behnam Ababaei
    • , Marco Bindi
    • , Roberto Ferrise
    • , Robert Finger
    • , Nándor Fodor
    • , Clara Gabaldón-Leal
    • , Thomas Gaiser
    • , Mohamed Jabloun
    • , Kurt-Christian Kersebaum
    • , Jon I. Lizaso
    • , Ignacio J. Lorite
    • , Loic Manceau
    • , Marco Moriondo
    • , Claas Nendel
    • , Alfredo Rodríguez
    • , Margarita Ruiz-Ramos
    • , Mikhail A. Semenov
    • , Stefan Siebert
    • , Tommaso Stella
    • , Pierre Stratonovitch
    • , Giacomo Trombi
    •  & Daniel Wallach
  • Article | | open

    Synthesis of primary amines via operationally simple, inexpensive and environmentally friendly methodologies has high impact in industrial settings. Here, the authors show a reductive amination process involving a ruthenium catalyst, aldehydes/ketones, ammonia, and hydrogen that displays a remarkable scope of primary amine products.

    • Thirusangumurugan Senthamarai
    • , Kathiravan Murugesan
    • , Jacob Schneidewind
    • , Narayana V. Kalevaru
    • , Wolfgang Baumann
    • , Helfried Neumann
    • , Paul C. J. Kamer
    • , Matthias Beller
    •  & Rajenahally V. Jagadeesh
  • Article | | open

    Rising demand for ruminant meat and dairy products in developing nations drives increasing GHG and ammonia emissions from livestock. Authors show here that only long-term adoption of global best-practice in sustainable intensification buffered by a short-term coping strategy of green-source trading can offer a way forward.

    • Yuanyuan Du
    • , Ying Ge
    • , Yuan Ren
    • , Xing Fan
    • , Kaixuan Pan
    • , Linshan Lin
    • , Xu Wu
    • , Yong Min
    • , Laura A. Meyerson
    • , Mikko Heino
    • , Scott X. Chang
    • , Xiaozi Liu
    • , Feng Mao
    • , Guofu Yang
    • , Changhui Peng
    • , Zelong Qu
    • , Jie Chang
    •  & Raphael K. Didham
  • Article | | open

    Correlations between prehistoric eruptions and other phenomena depend on accurate dating of the eruption. Here the authors show that magmatic CO2 in groundwater can bias radiocarbon ages for eruptions and that plateaux of carbon isotopic values in tree ring sequences biased by magmatic CO2 foreshadow major eruptions.

    • Richard N. Holdaway
    • , Brendan Duffy
    •  & Ben Kennedy
  • Article | | open

    Developing sustainable and scalable nanocrystal syntheses is challenging but necessary for future technologies and the environment. Here, the authors show that using an ionic liquid to stabilize a highly reactive precursor can fulfill the major aims of sustainable nanocrystal synthesis, including high yields, energy efficiency, atom economy, and recyclability.

    • Bin Yuan
    • , Timothy Karl Egner
    • , Vincenzo Venditti
    •  & Ludovico Cademartiri
  • Article | | open

    A warmer and drier climate will affect wildfire activity but the climate-fire relationship could change under warming. Here the authors use models with a non-stationary climate-fire relationship to show that to avoid doubling the burned area in the coming decades we must stay below 1.5 °C Paris target.

    • Marco Turco
    • , Juan José Rosa-Cánovas
    • , Joaquín Bedia
    • , Sonia Jerez
    • , Juan Pedro Montávez
    • , Maria Carmen Llasat
    •  & Antonello Provenzale
  • Article | | open

    Climate deterioration towards desertification in North Africa following the African Humid Period has previously been associated with the emergence of pastoralism. Here, using a climate-vegetation model, the authors show that pastoralism in fact likely slowed the deterioration of orbitally-driven climate change.

    • Chris Brierley
    • , Katie Manning
    •  & Mark Maslin
  • Article | | open

    Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction is a common bioconjugation technique; however oxidative degradation and residual copper may limit its use. Here, the authors show that ppm levels of Cu, generated in situ by solvent-mediated pipe erosion in flow, catalyze the CuAAC reaction with no product degradation.

    • Marine Z. C. Hatit
    • , Linus F. Reichenbach
    • , John M. Tobin
    • , Filipe Vilela
    • , Glenn A. Burley
    •  & Allan J. B. Watson
  • Article | | open

    Reinjection of saltwater, co-produced with oil, has the potential to trigger damaging earthquakes. Here, using Oklahoma and Kansas as an example, the authors present a new physics-based methodology to forecast future probabilities of potentially damaging induced-earthquakes in space and time.

    • Cornelius Langenbruch
    • , Matthew Weingarten
    •  & Mark D. Zoback
  • Review Article | | open

    Research and debate are intensifying on complementing CO2 emissions reductions with hypothetical climate geoengineering techniques. Here, the authors assess their potentials, uncertainties and risks, and show that they cannot yet be relied on to significantly contribute to meeting the Paris Agreement temperature goals.

    • Mark G. Lawrence
    • , Stefan Schäfer
    • , Helene Muri
    • , Vivian Scott
    • , Andreas Oschlies
    • , Naomi E. Vaughan
    • , Olivier Boucher
    • , Hauke Schmidt
    • , Jim Haywood
    •  & Jürgen Scheffran
  • Article | | open

    Traditional carbon accounting attributes gap between consumption- and production-based emissions to international trade. The authors develop a dynamic model that incorporates capital stock change and find it improves estimates for fast-developing countries.

    • Zhan-Ming Chen
    • , Stephanie Ohshita
    • , Manfred Lenzen
    • , Thomas Wiedmann
    • , Magnus Jiborn
    • , Bin Chen
    • , Leo Lester
    • , Dabo Guan
    • , Jing Meng
    • , Shiyun Xu
    • , Guoqian Chen
    • , Xinye Zheng
    • , JinJun Xue
    • , Ahmed Alsaedi
    • , Tasawar Hayat
    •  & Zhu Liu
  • Article | | open

    Human-tiger conflict occurs where there is a higher risk of encountering tigers. Here, Struebig et al. use geographic profiling to predict risk of encounters in Sumatra, and show that combining risk measures with social data on tolerance could help prioritise regions for conflict mitigation efforts.

    • Matthew J. Struebig
    • , Matthew Linkie
    • , Nicolas J. Deere
    • , Deborah J. Martyr
    • , Betty Millyanawati
    • , Sally C. Faulkner
    • , Steven C. Le Comber
    • , Fachruddin M. Mangunjaya
    • , Nigel Leader-Williams
    • , Jeanne E. McKay
    •  & Freya A. V. St. John
  • Review Article | | open

    Accelerated global warming in the Arctic might have profound impacts on mid-latitude weather particularly in winter, although the evidence for an effect also in summer is also growing. Here Coumou et al. show that these interactions could lead to more persistent hot-dry extremes in mid-latitudes.

    • D. Coumou
    • , G. Di Capua
    • , S. Vavrus
    • , L. Wang
    •  & S. Wang