Environmental sciences

Environmental science is the multidisciplinary study of all aspects of the Earth’s physical and biological environments. It encompasses environmental chemistry, soil science, ecology, climatology, vegetation cover, marine and freshwater systems, as well as environmental remediation and preservation, and agriculture and land use.

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Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Time capsules of fluid, trapped within the oxide minerals from two iron ore deposits reveal an important role for sediment-derived carbonate–sulfate-rich melts in the concentration of iron, a crucial element for humanity’s development.

    • James M. Brenan
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Land-use and land-cover changes are accelerating. Such changes can homogenize the water cycle and undermine planetary resilience. Policymakers and practitioners must consider water–vegetation interactions in their land-management decisions.

    • Delphis F. Levia
    • , Irena F. Creed
    • , David M. Hannah
    • , Kazuki Nanko
    • , Elizabeth W. Boyer
    • , Darryl E. Carlyle-Moses
    • , Nick van de Giesen
    • , Domenico Grasso
    • , Andrew J. Guswa
    • , Janice E. Hudson
    • , Sean A. Hudson
    • , Shin’ichi Iida
    • , Robert B. Jackson
    • , Gabriel G. Katul
    • , Tomo’omi Kumagai
    • , Pilar Llorens
    • , Flavio Lopes Ribeiro
    • , Diane E. Pataki
    • , Catherine A. Peters
    • , Daniel Sanchez Carretero
    • , John S. Selker
    • , Doerthe Tetzlaff
    • , Maciej Zalewski
    •  & Michael Bruen
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The expression ‘less but better’ is used to guide Western meat consumption towards sustainability. Its definition, however, lacks clarity and may push meat consumption further from sustainable practices. The research community needs to provide a more informed explanation to consumers of what is ‘less’ and what is ‘better’.

    • Kajsa Resare Sahlin
    • , Elin Röös
    •  & Line J. Gordon
    Nature Food 1, 520-522
  • News and Views |

    For the food system of China and its individual provinces to stay within downscaled planetary boundaries, sustainability strategies must combine demand, production, and redistribution interventions to meet targets for greenhouse gas emissions, water use, land use, and nutrient inputs.

    • Dana Boyer
    Nature Food 1, 533-534
  • News and Views |

    Big data from major online food ordering platforms can facilitate a richer understanding of the environmental impact of current food delivery packaging waste, and scenarios for more sustainable alternatives.

    • Katrin Molina-Besch
    Nature Food 1, 531-532