Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services are the benefits and functions that natural ecosystems provide to people. They include provision of food and clean water, pollination of crops, climate regulation and ecotourism.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Deep learning was used to map the crown sizes of each tree in the West African Sahara, Sahel and sub-humid zone using submetre-resolution satellite imagery, revealing a relatively high density of trees in arid areas.

    • Martin Brandt
    • , Compton J. Tucker
    • , Ankit Kariryaa
    • , Kjeld Rasmussen
    • , Christin Abel
    • , Jennifer Small
    • , Jerome Chave
    • , Laura Vang Rasmussen
    • , Pierre Hiernaux
    • , Abdoul Aziz Diouf
    • , Laurent Kergoat
    • , Ole Mertz
    • , Christian Igel
    • , Fabian Gieseke
    • , Johannes Schöning
    • , Sizhuo Li
    • , Katherine Melocik
    • , Jesse Meyer
    • , Scott Sinno
    • , Eric Romero
    • , Erin Glennie
    • , Amandine Montagu
    • , Morgane Dendoncker
    •  & Rasmus Fensholt
    Nature, 1-5
  • Research |

    To increase the policy relevance of ecosystem service benefits research, studies need to better predict the impact of specific decisions, according to an analysis of the literature.

    • Lisa Mandle
    • , Analisa Shields-Estrada
    • , Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer
    • , Matthew G. E. Mitchell
    • , Leah L. Bremer
    • , Jesse D. Gourevitch
    • , Peter Hawthorne
    • , Justin A. Johnson
    • , Brian E. Robinson
    • , Jeffrey R. Smith
    • , Laura J. Sonter
    • , Gregory M. Verutes
    • , Adrian L. Vogl
    • , Gretchen C. Daily
    •  & Taylor H. Ricketts
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Soil age is thought to be an important driver of ecosystem development. Here, the authors perform a global survey of soil chronosequences and meta-analysis to show that, contrary to expectations, soil age is a relatively minor ecosystem driver at the biome scale once other drivers such as parent material, climate, and vegetation type are accounted for.

    • Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo
    • , Peter B. Reich
    • , Richard D. Bardgett
    • , David J. Eldridge
    • , Hans Lambers
    • , David A. Wardle
    • , Sasha C. Reed
    • , César Plaza
    • , G. Kenny Png
    • , Sigrid Neuhauser
    • , Asmeret Asefaw Berhe
    • , Stephen C. Hart
    • , Hang-Wei Hu
    • , Ji-Zheng He
    • , Felipe Bastida
    • , Sebastián Abades
    • , Fernando D. Alfaro
    • , Nick A. Cutler
    • , Antonio Gallardo
    • , Laura García-Velázquez
    • , Patrick E. Hayes
    • , Zeng-Yei Hseu
    • , Cecilia A. Pérez
    • , Fernanda Santos
    • , Christina Siebe
    • , Pankaj Trivedi
    • , Benjamin W. Sullivan
    • , Luis Weber-Grullon
    • , Mark A. Williams
    •  & Noah Fierer

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