Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services are the benefits and functions that natural ecosystems provide to people. They include provision of food and clean water, pollination of crops, climate regulation and ecotourism.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    Land policies around the world tend to focus on support for agricultural output. We argue that this leads to ineffective public expenditure, environmental harm and missed opportunities for the use of rural resources. Applying thinking centred on ecosystems services to the governance of rural land would secure greater social value.

    • David Gawith
    •  & Ian Hodge
  • News and Views |

    When local crop failures in different regions occur simultaneously, the result can be an amplification of global food production shocks. Better understanding of the role of production synchronicity in historic food system stability is an important step towards anticipating possible future losses.

    • Kirsty Lewis
  • News and Views |

    The EAT-Lancet Commission proposes a universal healthy diet that could help to limit environmental changes within the planetary boundaries, but further work is needed to adapt this diet to local conditions and limit unintended environmental and health impacts of changing diets.

    • Hanna L. Tuomisto
  • Editorial |

    Despite on-going habitat loss caused by the advance of urbanisation, there are reasons to feel hopeful that cities can be spaces that benefit both biodiversity and human well-being — but it will require cross-sector engagement among ecologists, policymakers and the public.