Ecology

Definition

Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with each other and their environment. It considers processes that occur at the population, community and ecosystem levels and has a particular focus on biodiversity.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Disordered nanoscale striations on petals, tepals and bracts have evolved multiple times among flowering plants and provide a salient visual signal to foraging bumblebees (Bombus terrestris).

    • Edwige Moyroud
    • , Tobias Wenzel
    • , Rox Middleton
    • , Paula J. Rudall
    • , Hannah Banks
    • , Alison Reed
    • , Greg Mellers
    • , Patrick Killoran
    • , M. Murphy Westwood
    • , Ullrich Steiner
    • , Silvia Vignolini
    •  & Beverley J. Glover
  • Research |

    An approach to ecological interactions that integrates coevolutionary dynamics and network structure, showing that selection in mutualisms is shaped not only by the mutualistic partners but by all sorts of indirect effects from other species in the network.

    • Paulo R. Guimarães Jr
    • , Mathias M. Pires
    • , Pedro Jordano
    • , Jordi Bascompte
    •  & John N. Thompson
  • Research | | open

    Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from agricultural sources is generally omitted from sulfur emission estimates despite its abundance in livestock emissions. Here, the authors show that agriculture is the most important source of sulfur in Denmark using proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry measurements of H2S.

    • Anders Feilberg
    • , Michael Jørgen Hansen
    • , Dezhao Liu
    •  & Tavs Nyord
  • Research | | open

    Biochar promotes plant growth via a slow release of nutrients; however, a mechanistic understanding of nutrient storage in biochar is lacking. Here, using high-resolution spectromicroscopy and mass spectrometry, the authors identify an organic coating on co-composted particles that enhances nutrient retention.

    • Nikolas Hagemann
    • , Stephen Joseph
    • , Hans-Peter Schmidt
    • , Claudia I. Kammann
    • , Johannes Harter
    • , Thomas Borch
    • , Robert B. Young
    • , Krisztina Varga
    • , Sarasadat Taherymoosavi
    • , K. Wade Elliott
    • , Amy McKenna
    • , Mihaela Albu
    • , Claudia Mayrhofer
    • , Martin Obst
    • , Pellegrino Conte
    • , Alba Dieguez-Alonso
    • , Silvia Orsetti
    • , Edisson Subdiaga
    • , Sebastian Behrens
    •  & Andreas Kappler
  • Research | | open

    The impacts of carbon capture and storage (CCS) on subsurface microorganisms are poorly understood. Here, the authors show that deep ecosystems respond quickly to CO2 injections and that the environmental consequences of their metabolic activities need to be properly assessed for sustainable CCS in basalt.

    • Rosalia Trias
    • , Bénédicte Ménez
    • , Paul le Campion
    • , Yvan Zivanovic
    • , Léna Lecourt
    • , Aurélien Lecoeuvre
    • , Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin
    • , Jenny Uhl
    • , Sigurður R. Gislason
    • , Helgi A. Alfreðsson
    • , Kiflom G. Mesfin
    • , Sandra Ó. Snæbjörnsdóttir
    • , Edda S. Aradóttir
    • , Ingvi Gunnarsson
    • , Juerg M. Matter
    • , Martin Stute
    • , Eric H. Oelkers
    •  & Emmanuelle Gérard
  • Research | | open

    Genetic rescue can be valuable for the conservation of small populations threatened by low genetic diversity, but it carries the perceived risk of outbreeding depression. Here, Weeks et al. report increased hybrid fitness in a rescued population of the mountain pygmy possum, which likely contributed to population growth following genetic rescue.

    • Andrew R. Weeks
    • , Dean Heinze
    • , Louise Perrin
    • , Jakub Stoklosa
    • , Ary A. Hoffmann
    • , Anthony van Rooyen
    • , Tom Kelly
    •  & Ian Mansergh

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