Earth and environmental sciences

  • Article
    | Open Access

    The Semail ophiolite provides evidence for geological processes that form oceanic crust, however, its deep structure remains debated. Here, the authors use geophysical imaging to determine that the ophiolite is bound by a thrust fault in the west, and a normal fault in the east, bounding a rapidly subsiding basin, implying the ophiolite may not be rooted in the Gulf of Oman crust.

    • M. Y. Ali
    • , A. B. Watts
    • , M. P. Searle
    • , B. Keats
    • , S. Pilia
    •  & T. Ambrose
  • Article
    | Open Access

    How UHI intensity responds to variations of urban structure is unclear. Here the authors proposed a reduced form approach that is able to estimate UHI intensities based only on the number and location of urban sites as well as their distance.

    • Yunfei Li
    • , Sebastian Schubert
    • , Jürgen P. Kropp
    •  & Diego Rybski
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Every year, hundreds of people die at sea because of vessel accidents, and a key challenge in reducing these fatalities is to make Search and Rescue (SAR) planning more efficient. Here, the authors uncover hidden flow features that attract floating objects, providing specific information for optimal SAR planning.

    • Mattia Serra
    • , Pratik Sathe
    • , Irina Rypina
    • , Anthony Kirincich
    • , Shane D. Ross
    • , Pierre Lermusiaux
    • , Arthur Allen
    • , Thomas Peacock
    •  & George Haller
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The ubiquitous oceanic bacteria harbour an external phosphate buffer for modulating phosphate (Pi) uptake. Here, using both oceanic SAR11, Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus strains as a model, the authors show that the Pi buffer accumulation in the periplasm is proton motive force-dependent and can be enhanced by light energy.

    • Nina A. Kamennaya
    • , Kalotina Geraki
    • , David J. Scanlan
    •  & Mikhail V. Zubkov
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Extracting causality from time series on natural populations is challenging. Here the authors apply empirical dynamical modeling to 25 years of fish survey data from North Sea fisheries to quantify causal effects of age structure, abundance, and environment on population spatial variability, finding both common and species-specific patterns.

    • Jheng-Yu Wang
    • , Ting-Chun Kuo
    •  & Chih-hao Hsieh
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It is crucial yet challenging to identify cause-consequence relation in complex dynamical systems where direct causal links can mix with indirect ones. Leng et al. propose a data-driven model-independent method to distinguish direct from indirect causality and test its applicability to real-world data.

    • Siyang Leng
    • , Huanfei Ma
    • , Jürgen Kurths
    • , Ying-Cheng Lai
    • , Wei Lin
    • , Kazuyuki Aihara
    •  & Luonan Chen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The authors here present a 3D model that simulates the formation of the Chicxulub impact crater. Based on asymmetries in the subsurface structure of the Chicxulub crater, the authors diagnose impact angle and direction and suggest a steeply inclined (60° to horizontal) impact from the northeast.

    • G. S. Collins
    • , N. Patel
    • , T. M. Davison
    • , A. S. P. Rae
    • , J. V. Morgan
    • , S. P. S. Gulick
    • , G. L. Christeson
    • , E. Chenot
    • , P. Claeys
    • , C. S. Cockell
    • , M. J. L. Coolen
    • , L. Ferrière
    • , C. Gebhardt
    • , K. Goto
    • , H. Jones
    • , D. A. Kring
    • , J. Lofi
    • , C. M. Lowery
    • , R. Ocampo-Torres
    • , L. Perez-Cruz
    • , A. E. Pickersgill
    • , M. H. Poelchau
    • , C. Rasmussen
    • , M. Rebolledo-Vieyra
    • , U. Riller
    • , H. Sato
    • , J. Smit
    • , S. M. Tikoo
    • , N. Tomioka
    • , J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi
    • , M. T. Whalen
    • , A. Wittmann
    • , L. Xiao
    • , K. E. Yamaguchi
    • , N. Artemieva
    •  & T. J. Bralower
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The drivers of genetic diversity (GD) are poorly understood at the global scale. Here the authors show, for terrestrial mammals, that within-species GD covaries with phylogenetic diversity and is higher in locations with more stable past climates. They also interpolate GD for data-poor locations such as the tropics.

    • Spyros Theodoridis
    • , Damien A. Fordham
    • , Stuart C. Brown
    • , Sen Li
    • , Carsten Rahbek
    •  & David Nogues-Bravo
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Exposure to ambient particulate matter is one of the leading global health risks. Here, the authors reveal, by means of chemical multi-fingerprinting, the presence of exogenous ultrafine particles with diverse species and morphology in non-occupational human serum and pleural effusion.

    • Dawei Lu
    • , Qian Luo
    • , Rui Chen
    • , Yongxun Zhuansun
    • , Jie Jiang
    • , Weichao Wang
    • , Xuezhi Yang
    • , Luyao Zhang
    • , Xiaolei Liu
    • , Fang Li
    • , Qian Liu
    •  & Guibin Jiang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Warming is expected to increase C sink capacity in high-latitude ecosystems, but plant-herbivore interactions could moderate or offset this effect. Here, Silfver and colleagues test individual and interactive effects of warming and insect herbivory in a field experiment in Subarctic forest, showing that even low intensity insect herbivory strongly reduces C sink potential.

    • Tarja Silfver
    • , Lauri Heiskanen
    • , Mika Aurela
    • , Kristiina Myller
    • , Kristiina Karhu
    • , Nele Meyer
    • , Juha-Pekka Tuovinen
    • , Elina Oksanen
    • , Matti Rousi
    •  & Juha Mikola
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Potential changes in the seasonality of temperature-attributable mortality due to climate warming have been poorly investigated. Here, the authors show that the projected decrease in the number of moderate and extreme cold days will not contribute to a further reduction of cold-attributable deaths.

    • Hicham Achebak
    • , Daniel Devolder
    • , Vijendra Ingole
    •  & Joan Ballester
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Snow algae bloom along the coast of Antarctica and are likely to be biogeochemically important. Here, the authors produced the first map of such blooms, show that they are driven by warmer temperatures and proximity to birds and mammals, and are likely to increase given projected climate changes.

    • Andrew Gray
    • , Monika Krolikowski
    • , Peter Fretwell
    • , Peter Convey
    • , Lloyd S. Peck
    • , Monika Mendelova
    • , Alison G. Smith
    •  & Matthew P. Davey
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Floods are an important natural disaster on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, but their driving mechanisms are not well understood. Here, the authors utilize data from twitter messages and local newspaper reports to show that convectively coupled Kelvin waves play a key role in promoting floods on Sumatra.

    • Dariusz B. Baranowski
    • , Maria K. Flatau
    • , Piotr J. Flatau
    • , Dwikorita Karnawati
    • , Katarzyna Barabasz
    • , Michal Labuz
    • , Beata Latos
    • , Jerome M. Schmidt
    • , Jaka A. I. Paski
    •  & Marzuki
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The decrease in costs of renewable energy and storage has not been well accounted for in energy modelling, which however will have a large effect on energy system investment and policies. Here the authors incorporated recent decrease in costs of renewable energy and storages to refine the pathways to decarbonize China’s power system by 2030 and show that if such cost trends for renewables continue, more than 60% of China’s electricity could come from non-fossil sources by 2030 at a cost that is about 10% lower than achieved through a business-as-usual approach.

    • Gang He
    • , Jiang Lin
    • , Froylan Sifuentes
    • , Xu Liu
    • , Nikit Abhyankar
    •  & Amol Phadke
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Subglacial lakes and jökulhlaups (glacier outburst floods) are common in volcanic and glaciated environments, and can pose potential threats to communities living downstream. Here, the authors find that seismic tremor signals during subglacial floods can be used to locate and track the speed and size of the flood before it arrives at the river system, and improves previous methods of early glacial flood warning by a factor of 5.

    • Eva P. S. Eibl
    • , Christopher J. Bean
    • , Bergur Einarsson
    • , Finnur Pàlsson
    •  & Kristin S. Vogfjörd
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The causes of the Upper Pleistocene megafauna extinction in Australia and New Guinea are debated, but fossil data are lacking for much of this region. Here, Hocknull and colleagues report a new, diverse megafauna assemblage from north-eastern Australia that persisted until ~40,000 years ago.

    • Scott A. Hocknull
    • , Richard Lewis
    • , Lee J. Arnold
    • , Tim Pietsch
    • , Renaud Joannes-Boyau
    • , Gilbert J. Price
    • , Patrick Moss
    • , Rachel Wood
    • , Anthony Dosseto
    • , Julien Louys
    • , Jon Olley
    •  & Rochelle A. Lawrence
  • Review Article
    | Open Access

    Coastal systems are hotspots of ecological, geochemical and economic activity, yet their dynamics are not accurately represented in global models. In this Review, Ward and colleagues assess the current state of coastal science and recommend approaches for including the coastal interface in predictive models.

    • Nicholas D. Ward
    • , J. Patrick Megonigal
    • , Ben Bond-Lamberty
    • , Vanessa L. Bailey
    • , David Butman
    • , Elizabeth A. Canuel
    • , Heida Diefenderfer
    • , Neil K. Ganju
    • , Miguel A. Goñi
    • , Emily B. Graham
    • , Charles S. Hopkinson
    • , Tarang Khangaonkar
    • , J. Adam Langley
    • , Nate G. McDowell
    • , Allison N. Myers-Pigg
    • , Rebecca B. Neumann
    • , Christopher L. Osburn
    • , René M. Price
    • , Joel Rowland
    • , Aditi Sengupta
    • , Marc Simard
    • , Peter E. Thornton
    • , Maria Tzortziou
    • , Rodrigo Vargas
    • , Pamela B. Weisenhorn
    •  & Lisamarie Windham-Myers
  • Article
    | Open Access

    In birds, the hand-wing index is a morphological trait that can be used as a proxy for flight efficiency. Here the authors examine variation of hand-wing index in over 10,000 bird species, finding that it is higher in migratory and non-territorial species, and lower in the tropics.

    • Catherine Sheard
    • , Montague H. C. Neate-Clegg
    • , Nico Alioravainen
    • , Samuel E. I. Jones
    • , Claire Vincent
    • , Hannah E. A. MacGregor
    • , Tom P. Bregman
    • , Santiago Claramunt
    •  & Joseph A. Tobias
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Rising temperatures in the Arctic can lead to the release of vast amounts of carbon stored in permafrost soils. Here the authors show that stratospheric sulfate aerosol injection geoengineering can help to avoid about 14 gigatons of carbon release and US$8.4 trillion in economic losses by 2070 compared to RCP4.5 emissions.

    • Yating Chen
    • , Aobo Liu
    •  & John C. Moore
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Large-volume volcanic eruptions can occur despite only limited precursory activity. Here the authors show that modelling the combined effects of buoyant magma, viscoelastic earth behaviour, and sustained magma channels can explain such behaviour of volcanoes and gives an estimate of pressure evolution in magma bodies.

    • Freysteinn Sigmundsson
    • , Virginie Pinel
    • , Ronni Grapenthin
    • , Andrew Hooper
    • , Sæmundur A. Halldórsson
    • , Páll Einarsson
    • , Benedikt G. Ófeigsson
    • , Elías R. Heimisson
    • , Kristín Jónsdóttir
    • , Magnús T. Gudmundsson
    • , Kristín Vogfjörd
    • , Michelle Parks
    • , Siqi Li
    • , Vincent Drouin
    • , Halldór Geirsson
    • , Stéphanie Dumont
    • , Hildur M. Fridriksdottir
    • , Gunnar B. Gudmundsson
    • , Tim J. Wright
    •  & Tadashi Yamasaki
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Applying high-pressure and -temperature experiments, the authors here measure sound velocities in various liquid Fe-S alloys under conditions expected for the upper Martian core. The results together with future InSight mission data will help to understand whether the Martian core is molten Fe-S.

    • Keisuke Nishida
    • , Yuki Shibazaki
    • , Hidenori Terasaki
    • , Yuji Higo
    • , Akio Suzuki
    • , Nobumasa Funamori
    •  & Kei Hirose
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Plants are known to be influenced by climate, topsoil conditions, and ecology, but the impact of features deeper in the Earth system are poorly understood. Here, the authors show that primary productivity is controlled in part by deep bedrock characteristics far below the roots.

    • Zihan Jiang
    • , Hongyan Liu
    • , Hongya Wang
    • , Jian Peng
    • , Jeroen Meersmans
    • , Sophie M. Green
    • , Timothy A. Quine
    • , Xiuchen Wu
    •  & Zhaoliang Song
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It is generally thought many microbes, owing to their ubiquity and dispersal capability, lack biogeographic structuring and clear speciation patterns compared to macroorganisms. However, Pinseel et al. demonstrate multiple cycles of colonization and diversification in Pinnularia borealis, a rare biosphere soil diatom.

    • Eveline Pinseel
    • , Steven B. Janssens
    • , Elie Verleyen
    • , Pieter Vanormelingen
    • , Tyler J. Kohler
    • , Elisabeth M. Biersma
    • , Koen Sabbe
    • , Bart Van de Vijver
    •  & Wim Vyverman
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Plastic pollution has infiltrated every ecosystem, but few studies have quantified the biogeochemical or ecological effects of plastic. Here the authors show that microplastics in ocean sediment can significantly alter microbial community structure and nitrogen cycling.

    • Meredith E. Seeley
    • , Bongkeun Song
    • , Renia Passie
    •  & Robert C. Hale
  • Article
    | Open Access

    One-third of Earth’s carbon is sequestered in peatlands, and its stability in the face of climate change is unknown. Here the authors show that warming leads to the release of carbon as methane, but only the most prolonged warming leads to the breakdown and release of deep, old carbon.

    • A. M. Hopple
    • , R. M. Wilson
    • , M. Kolton
    • , C. A. Zalman
    • , J. P. Chanton
    • , J. Kostka
    • , P. J. Hanson
    • , J. K. Keller
    •  & S. D. Bridgham
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Here the authors develop a set of global, long-term, spatial projections of urban land expansion for understanding the planet’s potential urban futures. The global total amount of urban land increases by a factor of 1.8-5.9 over the 21st century, and the developed world experiences as much new urban development as the developing world.

    • Jing Gao
    •  & Brian C. O’Neill
  • Article
    | Open Access

    CH4 seepage mostly occurs in petroleum-bearing sedimentary basins, but the role of tectonics in degassing is mostly only known at a local scale. Here, the authors conduct a global scale analysis of seeps, faults, sedimentary basins, petroleum fields and heat flow, and find that geological CH4 seepage preferably develops in convergent basins, while gas seeps can occur along any brittle tectonic structure.

    • Giancarlo Ciotoli
    • , Monia Procesi
    • , Giuseppe Etiope
    • , Umberto Fracassi
    •  & Guido Ventura
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Identification of stratospheric volcanic eruptions in the geological record and their link to mass extinction events during the past 540 million years remains challenging. Here, the authors report unexpected, large mass-independent sulphur isotopic compositions of pyrite in Late Ordovician sedimentary rocks, which they suggest originates from stratospheric volcanism linked to the first pulse of the Late Ordovician mass extinction.

    • Dongping Hu
    • , Menghan Li
    • , Xiaolin Zhang
    • , Alexandra V. Turchyn
    • , Yizhe Gong
    •  & Yanan Shen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Earth rotation variation reflects the physics, dynamics and the magnetic field changes of Earth’s interior. The authors find a significant ~8.6 year periodic increasing oscillation in length of day and its good link to geomagnetic jerks related to Earth’s core oscillations, which may be used to predict the future jerk timings.

    • Pengshuo Duan
    •  & Chengli Huang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Prior studies have investigated macroecological patterns of host sharing among viruses, although certain mammal clades have not been represented in these analyses, and the findings have not been used to predict the true network. Here the authors model the species level traits that predict viral sharing across all mammal clades and validate their predictions using an independent dataset.

    • Gregory F. Albery
    • , Evan A. Eskew
    • , Noam Ross
    •  & Kevin J. Olival
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Generally it is thought that confining clay layers provide protection to low-arsenic groundwaters against intrusion of shallower, high-arsenic groundwater bodies. Here, the authors show that impermeable clay layers can increase arsenic input to underlying groundwater systems due to reduction of iron oxides coupled to carbon oxidation.

    • Ivan Mihajlov
    • , M. Rajib H. Mozumder
    • , Benjamín C. Bostick
    • , Martin Stute
    • , Brian J. Mailloux
    • , Peter S. K. Knappett
    • , Imtiaz Choudhury
    • , Kazi Matin Ahmed
    • , Peter Schlosser
    •  & Alexander van Geen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    There lacks a spatially explicit mapping of global carbon footprint in China that considers both international and interprovincial trade. Here the authors map the carbon footprints of global regions in China and show the hotspots concentrated in key manufacturing hubs, including the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, and North China Plain.

    • Yuantao Yang
    • , Shen Qu
    • , Bofeng Cai
    • , Sai Liang
    • , Zhaohua Wang
    • , Jinnan Wang
    •  & Ming Xu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The impacts of power plant water shortage during drought on electricity prices are understudied. Here the authors show that on extreme days, almost 50% (7 GWe) of the freshwater thermal capacity is unavailable in the Great Britain and annualized cumulative costs on electricity prices are in the range of £29-95m per year.

    • Edward A. Byers
    • , Gemma Coxon
    • , Jim Freer
    •  & Jim W. Hall
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Reactive iron minerals protect vast amounts of terrestrial carbon from decomposition and release as CO2. Here the authors show that reactive iron alone does not provide sufficient protection except under strict oxic conditions—instead, iron itself promotes carbon decomposition.

    • Chunmei Chen
    • , Steven J. Hall
    • , Elizabeth Coward
    •  & Aaron Thompson
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Previous work suggests that marine oxygen levels and bioturbation are important factors that shape phosphorus burial and the size of the marine biosphere. Here the authors show that seawater calcium concentration is a key factor in controlling marine P burial, and thus the global oxygen cycle.

    • Mingyu Zhao
    • , Shuang Zhang
    • , Lidya G. Tarhan
    • , Christopher T. Reinhard
    •  & Noah Planavsky
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Numerous marine ecosystem models are used to project animal biomass over time but integrating them can be challenging. Here the authors develop a test for statistical significance in multi-model ensemble trends, and thus relate future biomass trends to current patterns of ecological and socioeconomic status.

    • Daniel G. Boyce
    • , Heike K. Lotze
    • , Derek P. Tittensor
    • , David A. Carozza
    •  & Boris Worm
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Microbial plant-soil feedbacks (PSF) are fundamentally important for plant diversity. The authors present a spatially explicit dynamic model that separates the effects of microbial mutualists and pathogens, thereby presenting a testable mechanistic framework to reconcile previously puzzling observations of the strength and direction of PSF with diversity maintenance.

    • John W. Schroeder
    • , Andrew Dobson
    • , Scott A. Mangan
    • , Daniel F. Petticord
    •  & Edward Allen Herre
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Using high-resolution orbital imagery of the Martian surface, the authors Salese et al. here describe the first discovered stratigraphic product of multiple extensive fluvial-channel belts in an exposed vertical section at Izola Mensa in the northwestern rim of the Hellas Basin.

    • Francesco Salese
    • , William J. McMahon
    • , Matthew R. Balme
    • , Veronique Ansan
    • , Joel M. Davis
    •  & Maarten G. Kleinhans
  • Article
    | Open Access

    There lacks a European cost-benefit analysis of possible protective measures against rising seas. Here the authors used a probabilistic data and modeling framework to estimate costs and benefits of coastal protection measures and found that at least 83% of flood damages could be avoided by dyke improvements along a third of the European coastline.

    • Michalis I. Vousdoukas
    • , Lorenzo Mentaschi
    • , Jochen Hinkel
    • , Philip J. Ward
    • , Ignazio Mongelli
    • , Juan-Carlos Ciscar
    •  & Luc Feyen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Siberian Arctic permafrost contains vast stores of carbon, the fate of which is dependent on the climate. Here the authors use models of future scenarios to show that under the direst climate changes up to 2/3 of the stored organic carbon could thaw.

    • Jan Nitzbon
    • , Sebastian Westermann
    • , Moritz Langer
    • , Léo C. P. Martin
    • , Jens Strauss
    • , Sebastian Laboor
    •  & Julia Boike
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Threats to marine ecosystems are increasing due to ocean acidification, but trends are spatiotemporally difficult to monitor or predict. Here the authors use an Earth system model to accurately predict surface pH changes in the economically and ecologically important California Current System.

    • Riley X. Brady
    • , Nicole S. Lovenduski
    • , Stephen G. Yeager
    • , Matthew C. Long
    •  & Keith Lindsay
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A primary element of modern wildfire management is to aggressively suppress small fires before they become large, but benefits can be offset by the fact that these practices promote older forests that are more ‘flammable’. Here the authors show that this downside puts numerous human communities at elevated risk of fires in boreal Canada.

    • Marc-André Parisien
    • , Quinn E. Barber
    • , Kelvin G. Hirsch
    • , Christopher A. Stockdale
    • , Sandy Erni
    • , Xianli Wang
    • , Dominique Arseneault
    •  & Sean A. Parks
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Slow slip events are commonly observed on natural faults all around the world and are suggested to precede large magnitude and/or high frequency earthquakes. The authors here identify merging phases of slow slip events using continuous GPS measurements and define areas and periods at risk of large earthquake occurrence.

    • Quentin Bletery
    •  & Jean-Mathieu Nocquet
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The dynamics of continental subduction is largely controlled by the rheological properties of rocks involved along the subduction channel. Here, the authors reveal a prominent, yet previously undetected, low-velocity body beneath the Western Alps, along the plate interface between the European slab and the overlying Adriatic mantle, which they interpret as a serpentinite layer.

    • Liang Zhao
    • , Marco G. Malusà
    • , Huaiyu Yuan
    • , Anne Paul
    • , Stéphane Guillot
    • , Yang Lu
    • , Laurent Stehly
    • , Stefano Solarino
    • , Elena Eva
    • , Gang Lu
    • , Thomas Bodin
    • , Liang Zhao
    • , Marco G. Malusà
    • , Anne Paul
    • , Stéphane Guillot
    • , Stefano Solarino
    • , Elena Eva
    • , Gang Lu
    • , Anne Paul
    •  & Stefano Solarino
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Aside from their pollination function, pollinators consume and are consumed by other members of ecological communities; these relationships could explain the controversial effects of pollinators on ecological networks. Here the authors show that when mutualists such as pollinators are introduced into food webs, they increase ecosystem biodiversity, stability, and function.

    • Kayla R. S. Hale
    • , Fernanda S. Valdovinos
    •  & Neo D. Martinez
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Many inland waters seasonally or permanently dry up, thus exposing sediments to the atmosphere. Here the authors show that a substantial amount of CO2 is emitted from these dry sediments, increasing current inland water carbon flux estimates by 6%.

    • P. S. Keller
    • , N. Catalán
    • , D. von Schiller
    • , H.-P. Grossart
    • , M. Koschorreck
    • , B. Obrador
    • , M. A. Frassl
    • , N. Karakaya
    • , N. Barros
    • , J. A. Howitt
    • , C. Mendoza-Lera
    • , A. Pastor
    • , G. Flaim
    • , R. Aben
    • , T. Riis
    • , M. I. Arce
    • , G. Onandia
    • , J. R. Paranaíba
    • , A. Linkhorst
    • , R. del Campo
    • , A. M. Amado
    • , S. Cauvy-Fraunié
    • , S. Brothers
    • , J. Condon
    • , R. F. Mendonça
    • , F. Reverey
    • , E.-I. Rõõm
    • , T. Datry
    • , F. Roland
    • , A. Laas
    • , U. Obertegger
    • , J.-H. Park
    • , H. Wang
    • , S. Kosten
    • , R. Gómez
    • , C. Feijoó
    • , A. Elosegi
    • , M. M. Sánchez-Montoya
    • , C. M. Finlayson
    • , M. Melita
    • , E. S. Oliveira Junior
    • , C. C. Muniz
    • , L. Gómez-Gener
    • , C. Leigh
    • , Q. Zhang
    •  & R. Marcé
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Biosphere productivity is an important component of the CO2 cycle, but how it has varied over past glacial-interglacial cycles is not well known. Here, the authors present new data that shows that global biosphere productivity was 10 to 30% higher during Termination V compared to younger deglaciations.

    • Margaux Brandon
    • , Amaelle Landais
    • , Stéphanie Duchamp-Alphonse
    • , Violaine Favre
    • , Léa Schmitz
    • , Héloïse Abrial
    • , Frédéric Prié
    • , Thomas Extier
    •  & Thomas Blunier
  • Article
    | Open Access

    River avulsions are dramatic events that can cause the loss of many human lives. The authors here investigate how river avulsion style changes with river morphology, and how these changes impact flooding and stratigraphy.

    • J. M. Valenza
    • , D. A. Edmonds
    • , T. Hwang
    •  & S. Roy