Microbial communities

Microbial communities are groups of microorganisms that share a common living space. The microbial populations that form the community can interact in different ways, for example as predators and prey or as symbionts.

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Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Two soil respiration studies conducted at different spatial and temporal extents each find evidence that thermal adaptation of microbial communities compensates for loss of soil carbon under idealized conditions.

    • Charlotte J. Alster
  • Editorial |

    Despite major advances in dissecting how pathogens cause disease and the development of treatments to combat infection, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death today. This month’s issue includes a special ‘Focus on Infectious Disease’, which highlights efforts to develop new ways to prevent, detect and treat infections.

  • News and Views |

    Hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine to choline was found to be catalysed by phospholipase D enzymes from diverse members of the gut microbiota, revealing a mechanism by which commensals obtain choline for subsequent production of disease-associated trimethylamine.

    • Aaron T. Wright
  • News and Views |

    The early identification of repetitive genomic loci in Haloferax species was instrumental in igniting interest in CRISPR–Cas systems. Now, work in this genus has revealed an important role of CRISPR–Cas in reducing an unusual form of inter-species archaeal mating that occurs by cell fusion.

    • Peter C. Fineran