Climate-change policy

Climate-change policy encompasses policies formulated specifically to tackle climate change and can be local, national or international in scope. These broadly fall into two categories; those designed to minimise the extent of climate change – climate change mitigation – and those intended to minimise risks and seize upon new opportunities – climate change adaptation.


Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Models used to calculate the costs of carbon emissions do not include ecological damages. This study expands an integrated assessment model to include natural capital as a form of wealth, and shows that accounting for the use and non-use value of nature has large implications for climate policy.

    • Bernardo A. Bastien-Olvera
    •  & Frances C. Moore
  • Research |

    Introducing carbon prices is considered central to climate change mitigation. This study shows that publics prefer constant carbon cost schedules rather than those that gradually increase, even when average costs are the same, because of a desire to smooth consumption over time.

    • Michael M. Bechtel
    • , Kenneth F. Scheve
    •  & Elisabeth van Lieshout
  • Research
    | Open Access

    In the light of nine Earth System Processes (ESPs) and the corresponding planetary boundaries, here the authors assessed the global environmental impact of a global carbon pricing in a multi-boundary world. They show that a global carbon tax would relieve pressure on most ESPs and it is therefore stronger in a multi-boundary world than when considering climate change in isolation.

    • Gustav Engström
    • , Johan Gars
    • , Chandra Krishnamurthy
    • , Daniel Spiro
    • , Raphael Calel
    • , Therese Lindahl
    •  & Badri Narayanan
  • Reviews
    | Open Access

    Accounting guidelines exist for carbon flows in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems, but not shelf sea sediments. In this Review, the authors explore whether effective management of carbon stocks accumulating in shelf seas could contribute to a nation’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.

    • Tiziana Luisetti
    • , Silvia Ferrini
    • , Gaetano Grilli
    • , Timothy D. Jickells
    • , Hilary Kennedy
    • , Silke Kröger
    • , Irene Lorenzoni
    • , Ben Milligan
    • , Johan van der Molen
    • , Ruth Parker
    • , Tim Pryce
    • , R. Kerry Turner
    •  & Emmanouil Tyllianakis
  • Research |

    Using a meta-analysis approach, the authors find robust evidence that environmental factors play a role in explaining migration patterns across countries and over time, but the size of the effects depend on the economic and sociopolitical context, and the environmental factors considered.

    • Roman Hoffmann
    • , Anna Dimitrova
    • , Raya Muttarak
    • , Jesus Crespo Cuaresma
    •  & Jonas Peisker
    Nature Climate Change 10, 904-912
  • Research
    | Open Access

    The environmental and socio-economic implications of the growth in welfare and trade in Asia-Pacific (APAC) remain unclear. Here the authors show that over the past two decades (1995–2015), owing to intraregional trade, the APAC economies have grown increasingly interdependent in natural resource use, air emissions, and labor and economic productivity.

    • Lan Yang
    • , Yutao Wang
    • , Ranran Wang
    • , Jiří Jaromír Klemeš
    • , Cecília Maria Villas Bôas de Almeida
    • , Mingzhou Jin
    • , Xinzhu Zheng
    •  & Yuanbo Qiao

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Models typically used to analyse climate–economy interactions have paradoxically ignored much of nature’s value. A new study explicitly addresses this issue and reveals feedback loops between nature and the climate system that make climate change more costly.

    • Matthew Agarwala
    •  & Diane Coyle
  • News and Views |

    Raising the cost of carbon is critical for effective climate policy, but is politically challenging because the public are averse to costs. Conventional wisdom suggests this could be addressed by giving the public time to adjust by gradually increasing costs. However, new research shows that the public actually prefers a constant cost curve.

    • Christopher Warshaw
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The Paris Agreement’s Mission Innovation initiative to accelerate government spending on clean energy research is currently succeeding in its quest to support carbon mitigation. It should be renewed for an additional five years, with increased ambition, and changed to better integrate the private sector.

    • Zdenka Myslikova
    •  & Kelly Sims Gallagher
  • Comments and Opinion
    | Open Access

    Climate science and climate economics are critical sources of expertise in our pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals. Effective use of this expertise requires a strengthening of its epistemic foundations and a renewed focus on more practical policy problems.

    • David A. Stainforth
    •  & Raphael Calel
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Phasing out coal requires expanding the notion of a ‘just transition’ and a roadmap that specifies the sequence of coal plant retirement, the appropriate policy instruments as well as ways to include key stakeholders in the process.

    • Michael Jakob
    • , Jan Christoph Steckel
    • , Frank Jotzo
    • , Benjamin K. Sovacool
    • , Laura Cornelsen
    • , Rohit Chandra
    • , Ottmar Edenhofer
    • , Chris Holden
    • , Andreas Löschel
    • , Ted Nace
    • , Nick Robins
    • , Jens Suedekum
    •  & Johannes Urpelainen
    Nature Climate Change 10, 704-707
  • News and Views |

    Over the last two decades, many countries have passed laws addressing climate change and related areas. Research now shows that these laws make a difference to emission outcomes, but the pathways of impact require further research.

    • Navroz K. Dubash
    Nature Climate Change 10, 709-710