Climate-change mitigation

Climate-change mitigation encompasses policies and activities intended to reduce the greenhouse gas forcing of the climate system. Key intervention points include: the reduction of greenhouse gas sources, for example by reducing deforestation; emissions, for instance low carbon energy generation; and enhancing greenhouse gas sinks, for example by changes in land use.

Featured

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research
    | Open Access

    As low-carbon energy technologies advance, markets are driving demand for energy transition metals, increasing the stress placed on people and the environment in extractive locations. Here, the authors quantify this stress by developing a set of global composite environmental, social and governance risk indicators, and find that 84% of platinum resources and 70% of cobalt resources are located in high-risk contexts.

    • Éléonore Lèbre
    • , Martin Stringer
    • , Kamila Svobodova
    • , John R. Owen
    • , Deanna Kemp
    • , Claire Côte
    • , Andrea Arratia-Solar
    •  & Rick K. Valenta
  • Research |

    A one-kilometre-resolution map of aboveground carbon accumulation rates of forest regrowth shows 100-fold variation across the globe, with rates 32% higher on average than IPCC estimates.

    • Susan C. Cook-Patton
    • , Sara M. Leavitt
    • , David Gibbs
    • , Nancy L. Harris
    • , Kristine Lister
    • , Kristina J. Anderson-Teixeira
    • , Russell D. Briggs
    • , Robin L. Chazdon
    • , Thomas W. Crowther
    • , Peter W. Ellis
    • , Heather P. Griscom
    • , Valentine Herrmann
    • , Karen D. Holl
    • , Richard A. Houghton
    • , Cecilia Larrosa
    • , Guy Lomax
    • , Richard Lucas
    • , Palle Madsen
    • , Yadvinder Malhi
    • , Alain Paquette
    • , John D. Parker
    • , Keryn Paul
    • , Devin Routh
    • , Stephen Roxburgh
    • , Sassan Saatchi
    • , Johan van den Hoogen
    • , Wayne S. Walker
    • , Charlotte E. Wheeler
    • , Stephen A. Wood
    • , Liang Xu
    •  & Bronson W. Griscom
    Nature 585, 545-550
  • Research |

    Introducing carbon prices is considered central to climate change mitigation. This study shows that publics prefer constant carbon cost schedules rather than those that gradually increase, even when average costs are the same, because of a desire to smooth consumption over time.

    • Michael M. Bechtel
    • , Kenneth F. Scheve
    •  & Elisabeth van Lieshout
  • Research
    | Open Access

    In the light of nine Earth System Processes (ESPs) and the corresponding planetary boundaries, here the authors assessed the global environmental impact of a global carbon pricing in a multi-boundary world. They show that a global carbon tax would relieve pressure on most ESPs and it is therefore stronger in a multi-boundary world than when considering climate change in isolation.

    • Gustav Engström
    • , Johan Gars
    • , Chandra Krishnamurthy
    • , Daniel Spiro
    • , Raphael Calel
    • , Therese Lindahl
    •  & Badri Narayanan

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Raising the cost of carbon is critical for effective climate policy, but is politically challenging because the public are averse to costs. Conventional wisdom suggests this could be addressed by giving the public time to adjust by gradually increasing costs. However, new research shows that the public actually prefers a constant cost curve.

    • Christopher Warshaw
  • Editorial |

    In this interconnected world, many of us would regularly jump on a plane, or train, for a weekend away, or into a car to pop to the shops or to visit family and friends. But the way we travel, day-to-day and on longer trips, will need to change if mitigation targets, including net-zero aspirations, are to be met.

  • Comments and Opinion |

    Phasing out coal requires expanding the notion of a ‘just transition’ and a roadmap that specifies the sequence of coal plant retirement, the appropriate policy instruments as well as ways to include key stakeholders in the process.

    • Michael Jakob
    • , Jan Christoph Steckel
    • , Frank Jotzo
    • , Benjamin K. Sovacool
    • , Laura Cornelsen
    • , Rohit Chandra
    • , Ottmar Edenhofer
    • , Chris Holden
    • , Andreas Löschel
    • , Ted Nace
    • , Nick Robins
    • , Jens Suedekum
    •  & Johannes Urpelainen
    Nature Climate Change 10, 704-707
  • News and Views |

    Over the last two decades, many countries have passed laws addressing climate change and related areas. Research now shows that these laws make a difference to emission outcomes, but the pathways of impact require further research.

    • Navroz K. Dubash
    Nature Climate Change 10, 709-710