Circulation

Circulation is the movement of blood through the cardiovascular system, resulting in the distribution of nutrients, oxygen and other products of metabolism throughout the body.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News & Views |

    Supplementation with the gut microbial-derived metabolites acetate and butyrate has been shown to lower blood pressure in experimental models of hypertension. However, the translational potential of these metabolites has been unexplored. We provide clinical evidence that acetate and butyrate lower blood pressure in untreated patients with hypertension.

  • News & Views |

    Pioneering cohort studies including the Framingham Heart Study have led to major insights into cardiovascular disease. However, these studies are underpowered to identify the effects of less common risk factors on human health. This has motivated the development of the UK Biobank, a biomedical database linking health and genetic information in 500,000 individuals.

    • J. Scott Beeler
    • , Alexander G. Bick
    •  & Kelly L. Bolton
  • News & Views |

    The contribution of platelets to atherothrombosis is well established. Accumulating genome-wide association studies have revealed several variants of genes encoding molecules along the nitric oxide (NO)–soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)–cyclic guanosine-3′,5′-monophosphate (cGMP) pathway that are associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease; however, the cell types and functional impact of these risk variants remain poorly understood. Mauersberger et al. now demonstrate that platelet-specific knockout of a transcript encoding sGC increased atherosclerosis, whereas pharmacological stimulators of sGC reduced lesions via a paracrine effect of angiopoietin-1 on endothelial cell–leukocyte interactions.

    • Anurag Jamaiyar
    • , Jingshu Chen
    •  & Mark W. Feinberg
  • News & Views |

    Collateral arteries may act as natural bypasses that reduce hypoperfusion after a coronary blockage. 3D imaging of neonatal and adult mouse hearts, plus human fetal and diseased adult hearts, is now used to computationally predict flow within the heart, and understand the cardioprotective role of collateral arteries in vivo.

    • David Mayerich
    •  & Joshua D. Wythe
  • News & Views |

    In lung tissues of pulmonary hypertension rodent models, B cell activation and immunoglobulin E (IgE) production lead to mast cell activation and release of the cytokines IL-6 and IL-13, which result in remodeling of vascular smooth muscle cells. Blockade of IgE with omalizumab, a clinically approved monoclonal antibody against IgE, alleviated the progression of experimental pulmonary hypertension.