Chemistry articles within Nature Physics

Featured

  • Measure for Measure |

    It has many names and yet no name. The designation of the universal gas constant as R has remained a mystery, as Karen Mudryk recounts.

    • Karen Mudryk
  • Review Article |

    Molecular ions and hybrid platforms that integrate cold trapped ions and neutral particles offer opportunities for many quantum technologies. This Review surveys recent methodological advances and highlights in the study of cold molecular ions.

    • Markus Deiß
    • , Stefan Willitsch
    •  & Johannes Hecker Denschlag
  • Review Article |

    Ultracold molecules and ion–neutral systems offer unique access to chemistry in a coherent quantum regime. This Review charts the progress of studies of quantum chemistry in such platforms, highlighting the synergy between theory and experiments.

    • Tijs Karman
    • , Michał Tomza
    •  & Jesús Pérez-Ríos
  • Perspective |

    Quantum computers promise to efficiently predict the structure and behaviour of molecules. This Perspective explores how this could overcome existing challenges in computational drug discovery.

    • Raffaele Santagati
    • , Alan Aspuru-Guzik
    •  & Clemens Utschig-Utschig
  • Article |

    The phase diagram of confined ice is different from that of bulk ice. Simulations now reveal several 2D ice phases and show how strong nuclear quantum effects result in rich proton dynamics in 2D confined ices.

    • Jian Jiang
    • , Yurui Gao
    •  & Xiao Cheng Zeng
  • Article |

    It has been suggested that Gaussian boson sampling may provide a quantum computational advantage for calculating the vibronic spectra of molecules. Now, an equally efficient classical algorithm has been identified.

    • Changhun Oh
    • , Youngrong Lim
    •  & Liang Jiang
  • Measure for Measure |

    The unit one is a necessary part of any system of units but debate concerning its proper treatment in science and technology continues. Richard Brown enumerates its uses.

    • Richard J. C. Brown
  • News & Views |

    Determining the melting temperature and electrical conductivity of ammonia under the internal conditions of the ice giants Uranus and Neptune is helping us to understand the structure and magnetic field formation of these planets.

    • Kenji Ohta
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Supercooled water undergoes a liquid–liquid phase transition. The authors show that the two phases have distinct hydrogen-bond networks, differing in their degree of entanglement, and thus the transition can be described by the topological changes of the network.

    • Andreas Neophytou
    • , Dwaipayan Chakrabarti
    •  & Francesco Sciortino
  • Measure for Measure |

    Juris Meija takes a look at the tumultuous past of the atomic unit of mass from its beginnings as an idea to its most recent revisions in a hotel bar.

    • Juris Meija
  • Measure for Measure |

    The laws governing electrolysis developed by Michael Faraday, who originally trained as a bookbinder, led to the determination of the Faraday constant, as Daren Caruana recounts.

    • Daren Caruana
  • Measure for Measure |

    The measurement of pH is more complicated than it seems, recalls Andrea Taroni.

    • Andrea Taroni
  • Article |

    Alkali metals at high pressures have a liquid–liquid transition that is difficult to study in detail. Numerical calculations now suggest that the higher-pressure state is an electride liquid, in which electrons behave like localized anions.

    • Hongxiang Zong
    • , Victor Naden Robinson
    •  & Graeme J. Ackland
  • Measure for Measure |

    When you start tearing a piece of aluminium foil apart, you create dislocations in the material. Suhas Eswarappa Prameela and Tim Weihs recount the story of the Burgers vector that is now an indispensable tool for describing dislocations.

    • Suhas Eswarappa Prameela
    •  & Timothy P. Weihs
  • Measure for Measure |

    Continuously improving precision in length measurements increases understanding of our world and its phenomena, both at small and large scales, as Leo Gross reveals.

    • Leo Gross
  • Measure for Measure |

    October 23 is (unofficially) known by some chemists as Mole Day. Andrea Taroni attempts to get to grips with the concept of the mole itself, and the imminent change to its definition.

    • Andrea Taroni
  • Research Highlight |

    • Jan Philip Kraack
  • Measure for Measure |

    Jay Hendricks tells about ongoing work to change the realization and dissemination of the pascal, which will lead to the elimination of mercury-barometer pressure standards.

    • Jay Hendricks
  • Article |

    Resonant electron attachment and subsequent dissociation of diatomic molecules is shown to exhibit spatial asymmetry as a consequence of coherent excitation and subsequent interference between reaction pathways.

    • E. Krishnakumar
    • , Vaibhav S. Prabhudesai
    •  & Nigel J. Mason