Chemical bonding

Chemical bonding refers to the attraction between atoms and can come in several different types with varying strength. It allows the formation of substances with more than one atomic component and is the result of the electromagnetic force between opposing charges. Understanding the making and breaking of bonds is at the heart of chemistry.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research
    | Open Access

    Sandwich-type clusters containing heterometallic interlayers have remained elusive. Here, the authors present the structure of a cluster composed of two aromatic nonagermanide caps flanking an heterometallic Ge@Pd3 planar fragment, where the Ge center is formally zerovalent.

    • Hong-Lei Xu
    • , Nikolay V. Tkachenko
    • , Zi-Chuan Wang
    • , Wei-Xing Chen
    • , Lei Qiao
    • , Alvaro Muñoz-Castro
    • , Alexander I. Boldyrev
    •  & Zhong-Ming Sun
  • Research |

    Silyl-substituted silicon–carbonyl complexes that are stable at room temperature have been prepared by exposure of highly reactive bis(silyl)silylenes to carbon monoxide. The compounds show structural features and reactivity that are reminiscent of their ubiquitous transition-metal–carbonyl counterparts, including π-backbonding and ligand liberation as well as substitution and functionalization reactions.

    • Dominik Reiter
    • , Richard Holzner
    • , Amelie Porzelt
    • , Philipp Frisch
    •  & Shigeyoshi Inoue
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Though divalent-europium-based complexes are promising materials for next-generation light-emitting devices, their poor air stability limits their applicability. Here, the authors report the design of air stable divalent-europium-based complexes for efficient organic light-emitting diodes.

    • Jiayi Li
    • , Liding Wang
    • , Zifeng Zhao
    • , Boxun Sun
    • , Ge Zhan
    • , Huanyu Liu
    • , Zuqiang Bian
    •  & Zhiwei Liu
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Low-valent zinc clusters, though exceedingly rare, are appealing synthetic targets because there is evidence that they may show unconventional chemical and physical behavior. Here, the authors obtain a large heterometallic zinc-bismuth cluster anion and discover that it bears a metalloid {Zn12} core with four-center bonding and essentially zero-valent character.

    • Armin R. Eulenstein
    • , Yannick J. Franzke
    • , Patrick Bügel
    • , Werner Massa
    • , Florian Weigend
    •  & Stefanie Dehnen
  • Reviews |

    High pressure leads to striking new chemistry. Many new compounds with atypical compositions and a plethora of novel chemical species can be stabilized by the formation of homonuclear bonds and the activation of core electrons, non-valence and non-atomic orbitals.

    • Maosheng Miao
    • , Yuanhui Sun
    • , Eva Zurek
    •  & Haiqing Lin

News and Comment

  • Comments & Opinion
    | Open Access

    The activation of very inert small molecules generally requires highly reactive activating species, but the high energy of these species makes their regeneration, and thus also catalytic turnover of the reaction, difficult to achieve. Here, the authors highlight the formidable challenge of overcoming the tradeoff between activating power and catalytic turnover in the context of main-group ambiphiles.

    • Rian D. Dewhurst
    • , Marc-André Légaré
    •  & Holger Braunschweig
  • News & Views |

    White phosphorus is a prominent source of P atoms but has remained difficult to activate without using transition metals. Now, a bidentate ligand based on silicon(ii) donors has successfully stabilized a P2 moiety, and the resulting complex acts as a transfer reagent for P anions.

    • David Scheschkewitz
    Nature Chemistry 12, 785-787
  • Comments & Opinion
    | Open Access

    Over the past decade, momentous progress has been made in the characterization of late actinide compounds. Here the authors highlight how advances in spectroscopic and computational tools have developed our understanding of fundamental transplutonium bonding interactions, and discuss whether covalency and heterogeneity changes in 5f-orbital bonding could be harnessed in environmentally and industrially relevant systems.

    • Korey P. Carter
    • , Roger M. Pallares
    •  & Rebecca J. Abergel
  • Comments & Opinion |

    Despite the romantic mythology that often accompanies stories of scientific discovery, pinpointing the exact moment in history when a new concept emerged is often a matter of debate — and the hydrogen bond is no exception explains Bruce C. Gibb.

    • Bruce C. Gibb
    Nature Chemistry 12, 665-667