Carbon cycle

The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle focused on carbon and how it is sequestered in and moves between different reservoirs in the Earth system.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research
    | Open Access

    • Gilberto Pastorello
    • , Carlo Trotta
    • , Eleonora Canfora
    • , Housen Chu
    • , Danielle Christianson
    • , You-Wei Cheah
    • , Cristina Poindexter
    • , Jiquan Chen
    • , Abdelrahman Elbashandy
    • , Marty Humphrey
    • , Peter Isaac
    • , Diego Polidori
    • , Alessio Ribeca
    • , Catharine van Ingen
    • , Leiming Zhang
    • , Brian Amiro
    • , Christof Ammann
    • , M. Altaf Arain
    • , Jonas Ardö
    • , Timothy Arkebauer
    • , Stefan K. Arndt
    • , Nicola Arriga
    • , Marc Aubinet
    • , Mika Aurela
    • , Dennis Baldocchi
    • , Alan Barr
    • , Eric Beamesderfer
    • , Luca Belelli Marchesini
    • , Onil Bergeron
    • , Jason Beringer
    • , Christian Bernhofer
    • , Daniel Berveiller
    • , Dave Billesbach
    • , Thomas Andrew Black
    • , Peter D. Blanken
    • , Gil Bohrer
    • , Julia Boike
    • , Paul V. Bolstad
    • , Damien Bonal
    • , Jean-Marc Bonnefond
    • , David R. Bowling
    • , Rosvel Bracho
    • , Jason Brodeur
    • , Christian Brümmer
    • , Nina Buchmann
    • , Benoit Burban
    • , Sean P. Burns
    • , Pauline Buysse
    • , Peter Cale
    • , Mauro Cavagna
    • , Pierre Cellier
    • , Shiping Chen
    • , Isaac Chini
    • , Torben R. Christensen
    • , James Cleverly
    • , Alessio Collalti
    • , Claudia Consalvo
    • , Bruce D. Cook
    • , David Cook
    • , Carole Coursolle
    • , Edoardo Cremonese
    • , Peter S. Curtis
    • , Ettore D’Andrea
    • , Humberto da Rocha
    • , Xiaoqin Dai
    • , Kenneth J. Davis
    • , Bruno De Cinti
    • , Agnes de Grandcourt
    • , Anne De Ligne
    • , Raimundo C. De Oliveira
    • , Nicolas Delpierre
    • , Ankur R. Desai
    • , Carlos Marcelo Di Bella
    • , Paul di Tommasi
    • , Han Dolman
    • , Francisco Domingo
    • , Gang Dong
    • , Sabina Dore
    • , Pierpaolo Duce
    • , Eric Dufrêne
    • , Allison Dunn
    • , Jiří Dušek
    • , Derek Eamus
    • , Uwe Eichelmann
    • , Hatim Abdalla M. ElKhidir
    • , Werner Eugster
    • , Cacilia M. Ewenz
    • , Brent Ewers
    • , Daniela Famulari
    • , Silvano Fares
    • , Iris Feigenwinter
    • , Andrew Feitz
    • , Rasmus Fensholt
    • , Gianluca Filippa
    • , Marc Fischer
    • , John Frank
    • , Marta Galvagno
    • , Mana Gharun
    • , Damiano Gianelle
    • , Bert Gielen
    • , Beniamino Gioli
    • , Anatoly Gitelson
    • , Ignacio Goded
    • , Mathias Goeckede
    • , Allen H. Goldstein
    • , Christopher M. Gough
    • , Michael L. Goulden
    • , Alexander Graf
    • , Anne Griebel
    • , Carsten Gruening
    • , Thomas Grünwald
    • , Albin Hammerle
    • , Shijie Han
    • , Xingguo Han
    • , Birger Ulf Hansen
    • , Chad Hanson
    • , Juha Hatakka
    • , Yongtao He
    • , Markus Hehn
    • , Bernard Heinesch
    • , Nina Hinko-Najera
    • , Lukas Hörtnagl
    • , Lindsay Hutley
    • , Andreas Ibrom
    • , Hiroki Ikawa
    • , Marcin Jackowicz-Korczynski
    • , Dalibor Janouš
    • , Wilma Jans
    • , Rachhpal Jassal
    • , Shicheng Jiang
    • , Tomomichi Kato
    • , Myroslava Khomik
    • , Janina Klatt
    • , Alexander Knohl
    • , Sara Knox
    • , Hideki Kobayashi
    • , Georgia Koerber
    • , Olaf Kolle
    • , Yoshiko Kosugi
    • , Ayumi Kotani
    • , Andrew Kowalski
    • , Bart Kruijt
    • , Julia Kurbatova
    • , Werner L. Kutsch
    • , Hyojung Kwon
    • , Samuli Launiainen
    • , Tuomas Laurila
    • , Bev Law
    • , Ray Leuning
    • , Yingnian Li
    • , Michael Liddell
    • , Jean-Marc Limousin
    • , Marryanna Lion
    • , Adam J. Liska
    • , Annalea Lohila
    • , Ana López-Ballesteros
    • , Efrén López-Blanco
    • , Benjamin Loubet
    • , Denis Loustau
    • , Antje Lucas-Moffat
    • , Johannes Lüers
    • , Siyan Ma
    • , Craig Macfarlane
    • , Vincenzo Magliulo
    • , Regine Maier
    • , Ivan Mammarella
    • , Giovanni Manca
    • , Barbara Marcolla
    • , Hank A. Margolis
    • , Serena Marras
    • , William Massman
    • , Mikhail Mastepanov
    • , Roser Matamala
    • , Jaclyn Hatala Matthes
    • , Francesco Mazzenga
    • , Harry McCaughey
    • , Ian McHugh
    • , Andrew M. S. McMillan
    • , Lutz Merbold
    • , Wayne Meyer
    • , Tilden Meyers
    • , Scott D. Miller
    • , Stefano Minerbi
    • , Uta Moderow
    • , Russell K. Monson
    • , Leonardo Montagnani
    • , Caitlin E. Moore
    • , Eddy Moors
    • , Virginie Moreaux
    • , Christine Moureaux
    • , J. William Munger
    • , Taro Nakai
    • , Johan Neirynck
    • , Zoran Nesic
    • , Giacomo Nicolini
    • , Asko Noormets
    • , Matthew Northwood
    • , Marcelo Nosetto
    • , Yann Nouvellon
    • , Kimberly Novick
    • , Walter Oechel
    • , Jørgen Eivind Olesen
    • , Jean-Marc Ourcival
    • , Shirley A. Papuga
    • , Frans-Jan Parmentier
    • , Eugenie Paul-Limoges
    • , Marian Pavelka
    • , Matthias Peichl
    • , Elise Pendall
    • , Richard P. Phillips
    • , Kim Pilegaard
    • , Norbert Pirk
    • , Gabriela Posse
    • , Thomas Powell
    • , Heiko Prasse
    • , Suzanne M. Prober
    • , Serge Rambal
    • , Üllar Rannik
    • , Naama Raz-Yaseef
    • , David Reed
    • , Victor Resco de Dios
    • , Natalia Restrepo-Coupe
    • , Borja R. Reverter
    • , Marilyn Roland
    • , Simone Sabbatini
    • , Torsten Sachs
    • , Scott R. Saleska
    • , Enrique P. Sánchez-Cañete
    • , Zulia M. Sanchez-Mejia
    • , Hans Peter Schmid
    • , Marius Schmidt
    • , Karl Schneider
    • , Frederik Schrader
    • , Ivan Schroder
    • , Russell L. Scott
    • , Pavel Sedlák
    • , Penélope Serrano-Ortíz
    • , Changliang Shao
    • , Peili Shi
    • , Ivan Shironya
    • , Lukas Siebicke
    • , Ladislav Šigut
    • , Richard Silberstein
    • , Costantino Sirca
    • , Donatella Spano
    • , Rainer Steinbrecher
    • , Robert M. Stevens
    • , Cove Sturtevant
    • , Andy Suyker
    • , Torbern Tagesson
    • , Satoru Takanashi
    • , Yanhong Tang
    • , Nigel Tapper
    • , Jonathan Thom
    • , Frank Tiedemann
    • , Michele Tomassucci
    • , Juha-Pekka Tuovinen
    • , Shawn Urbanski
    • , Riccardo Valentini
    • , Michiel van der Molen
    • , Eva van Gorsel
    • , Ko van Huissteden
    • , Andrej Varlagin
    • , Joseph Verfaillie
    • , Timo Vesala
    • , Caroline Vincke
    • , Domenico Vitale
    • , Natalia Vygodskaya
    • , Jeffrey P. Walker
    • , Elizabeth Walter-Shea
    • , Huimin Wang
    • , Robin Weber
    • , Sebastian Westermann
    • , Christian Wille
    • , Steven Wofsy
    • , Georg Wohlfahrt
    • , Sebastian Wolf
    • , William Woodgate
    • , Yuelin Li
    • , Roberto Zampedri
    • , Junhui Zhang
    • , Guoyi Zhou
    • , Donatella Zona
    • , Deb Agarwal
    • , Sebastien Biraud
    • , Margaret Torn
    •  & Dario Papale
  • Research |

    A detailed assessment of the techno-economic potential of enhanced rock weathering on croplands identifies national CO2 removal potentials, costs and engineering challenges if it were to be scaled up to help meet ambitious global CO2 removal targets.

    • David J. Beerling
    • , Euripides P. Kantzas
    • , Mark R. Lomas
    • , Peter Wade
    • , Rafael M. Eufrasio
    • , Phil Renforth
    • , Binoy Sarkar
    • , M. Grace Andrews
    • , Rachael H. James
    • , Christopher R. Pearce
    • , Jean-Francois Mercure
    • , Hector Pollitt
    • , Philip B. Holden
    • , Neil R. Edwards
    • , Madhu Khanna
    • , Lenny Koh
    • , Shaun Quegan
    • , Nick F. Pidgeon
    • , Ivan A. Janssens
    • , James Hansen
    •  & Steven A. Banwart
    Nature 583, 242-248
  • Research |

    Soils may accumulate less carbon and with a slower turnover than Earth system models predict, according to analysis of the age distribution of global soil carbon, which finds that the mean age of soil carbon is older than that in simulated in models.

    • Zheng Shi
    • , Steven D. Allison
    • , Yujie He
    • , Paul A. Levine
    • , Alison M. Hoyt
    • , Jeffrey Beem-Miller
    • , Qing Zhu
    • , William R. Wieder
    • , Susan Trumbore
    •  & James T. Randerson
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Terrestrial carbon uptake as high inter-annual variability which can be used to help understand future responses to climate change. Here the authors’ modeling reveals a large portion of this variability is driven by human land use changes and management, and not captured by other models.

    • Chao Yue
    • , Philippe Ciais
    • , Richard A. Houghton
    •  & Alexander A. Nassikas

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